Spinal Bone Texture Assessed by Trabecular Bone Score in Adolescent Girls With Anorexia Nervosa.J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2015 Sep; 100(9):3436-42.JC
Trabecular bone score (TBS) is a bone assessment tool that offers information beyond that afforded by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) bone mineral density (BMD) measurements. Adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN) are known to exhibit compromised bone density and skeletal strength.
This study aimed to determine TBS among adolescents with AN and evaluate the correlation with anthropometric, clinical and densitometric variables.
Areal BMD spinal measures were analyzed for TBS. Findings were compared with clinical (height, weight, body mass index [BMI], age, pubertal development, 25-hydroxyvitamin D) and self-reported data (illness duration, amenorrhea, exercise, fracture, family history of osteoporosis, and antidepressant use), and BMD measures by DXA and peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT).
SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS
This was an urban adolescent program consisting of 57 females with AN, age 11-18 y.
Interventions included DXA (absolute BMD and Z-score), pQCT (volumetric BMD [vBMD] and stress-strain index [SSI]), laboratory evaluation, and questionnaire administration.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES
Main outcome measures included TBS, areal and vBMD, SSI, fracture history, disease duration.
The TBS of six participants (11%) showed degraded and 19 (33%) partially degraded microarchitecture. Spinal TBS was correlated (P < .05) with age, height, weight, BMI, pubertal stage, BMD, and body composition by DXA, and BMD and SSI by pQCT. TBS was not correlated with disease duration, fracture, vitamin D status, race, or ethnicity, and self-reported health data.
TBS showed evidence of degraded microarchitecture in over 40% of this study sample, and strongly correlated with anthropometric data and measures of BMD and skeletal strength. TBS is a novel tool that captures another dimension of bone health in adolescents with AN.