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Smoke-Free Policies in Multiunit Housing: Smoking Behavior and Reactions to Messaging Strategies in Support or in Opposition.
Prev Chronic Dis. 2015 Jun 25; 12:E98.PC

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

Given the high proportion of US adults living in multiunit housing (MUH) and the related risks of secondhand smoke, we examined correlates of having smoke-free MUH policies, level of support for such policies, and reactions to related messaging among a quota-based nonprobability sample of US adults.

METHODS

In 2013, 752 adult MUH residents were recruited through an online survey panel to complete a cross-sectional survey assessing tobacco use, personal smoke-free policies in homes and cars, smoke-free MUH policies, and reactions to messaging on smoke-free MUH policies. We sought sufficient representation of smokers, racial/ethnic minorities, and residents of the Southeast.

RESULTS

Overall, 56.3% had no smoke-free MUH policies and 16.2% had complete policies; 62.8% favored living in smoke-free MUH, and 28.9% said they would move if their building became smoke-free. Multivariate regression indicated that correlates of living in MUH with partial or no policies included younger age, less education, lower income, and current smoking (P's ≤ .01); more restrictive smoke-free MUH policies were associated with lower cigarette consumption and recent quit attempts among current smokers (P's < .05); and correlates of support for MUH policies included greater education, nonsmoker status, and having complete MUH policies (P's < .05). Of 9 messages opposing smoke-free MUH policies, the most persuasive was "People have the right to smoke in their own homes"; the most persuasive message of 11 in support was "You have the right to breathe clean air in your home."

CONCLUSION

Smoke-free MUH policies may reduce smoking. Messaging in favor of smoke-free MUH policies was more persuasive than messaging opposing such policies, indicating the potential for using these approaches.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education, Emory University School of Public Health, 1518 Clifton Rd NE, Room 524, Atlanta, GA 30322. Email: cjberg@emory.edu.Emory University Rollins School of Public Health, Atlanta, Georgia.Emory University Rollins School of Public Health, Atlanta, Georgia.Emory University Rollins School of Public Health, Atlanta, Georgia.Emory University Rollins School of Public Health, Atlanta, Georgia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Multicenter Study
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26111158

Citation

Berg, Carla J., et al. "Smoke-Free Policies in Multiunit Housing: Smoking Behavior and Reactions to Messaging Strategies in Support or in Opposition." Preventing Chronic Disease, vol. 12, 2015, pp. E98.
Berg CJ, Haardörfer R, Windle M, et al. Smoke-Free Policies in Multiunit Housing: Smoking Behavior and Reactions to Messaging Strategies in Support or in Opposition. Prev Chronic Dis. 2015;12:E98.
Berg, C. J., Haardörfer, R., Windle, M., Solomon, M., & Kegler, M. C. (2015). Smoke-Free Policies in Multiunit Housing: Smoking Behavior and Reactions to Messaging Strategies in Support or in Opposition. Preventing Chronic Disease, 12, E98. https://doi.org/10.5888/pcd12.140479
Berg CJ, et al. Smoke-Free Policies in Multiunit Housing: Smoking Behavior and Reactions to Messaging Strategies in Support or in Opposition. Prev Chronic Dis. 2015 Jun 25;12:E98. PubMed PMID: 26111158.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Smoke-Free Policies in Multiunit Housing: Smoking Behavior and Reactions to Messaging Strategies in Support or in Opposition. AU - Berg,Carla J, AU - Haardörfer,Regine, AU - Windle,Michael, AU - Solomon,Madeleine, AU - Kegler,Michelle C, Y1 - 2015/06/25/ PY - 2015/6/26/entrez PY - 2015/6/26/pubmed PY - 2015/12/15/medline SP - E98 EP - E98 JF - Preventing chronic disease JO - Prev Chronic Dis VL - 12 N2 - INTRODUCTION: Given the high proportion of US adults living in multiunit housing (MUH) and the related risks of secondhand smoke, we examined correlates of having smoke-free MUH policies, level of support for such policies, and reactions to related messaging among a quota-based nonprobability sample of US adults. METHODS: In 2013, 752 adult MUH residents were recruited through an online survey panel to complete a cross-sectional survey assessing tobacco use, personal smoke-free policies in homes and cars, smoke-free MUH policies, and reactions to messaging on smoke-free MUH policies. We sought sufficient representation of smokers, racial/ethnic minorities, and residents of the Southeast. RESULTS: Overall, 56.3% had no smoke-free MUH policies and 16.2% had complete policies; 62.8% favored living in smoke-free MUH, and 28.9% said they would move if their building became smoke-free. Multivariate regression indicated that correlates of living in MUH with partial or no policies included younger age, less education, lower income, and current smoking (P's ≤ .01); more restrictive smoke-free MUH policies were associated with lower cigarette consumption and recent quit attempts among current smokers (P's < .05); and correlates of support for MUH policies included greater education, nonsmoker status, and having complete MUH policies (P's < .05). Of 9 messages opposing smoke-free MUH policies, the most persuasive was "People have the right to smoke in their own homes"; the most persuasive message of 11 in support was "You have the right to breathe clean air in your home." CONCLUSION: Smoke-free MUH policies may reduce smoking. Messaging in favor of smoke-free MUH policies was more persuasive than messaging opposing such policies, indicating the potential for using these approaches. SN - 1545-1151 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26111158/Smoke_Free_Policies_in_Multiunit_Housing:_Smoking_Behavior_and_Reactions_to_Messaging_Strategies_in_Support_or_in_Opposition_ L2 - https://www.cdc.gov/pcd/issues/2015/14_0479.htm DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -