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Tree Nut consumption is associated with better adiposity measures and cardiovascular and metabolic syndrome health risk factors in U.S. Adults: NHANES 2005-2010.
Nutr J. 2015 Jun 28; 14:64.NJ

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

Previous research has shown inconsistencies in the association of tree nut consumption with risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and metabolic syndrome (MetS).

OBJECTIVE

To determine the association of tree nut consumption with risk factors for CVD and for MetS in adults.

METHODS

NHANES 2005-2010 data were used to examine the associations of tree nut consumption with health risks in adults 19+ years (n = 14,386; 51% males). Tree nuts were: almonds, Brazil nuts, cashews, filberts [hazelnuts], macadamias, pecans, pine nuts, pistachios, and walnuts. Group definitions were non-consumers < ¼ ounce/day and consumers of ≥ ¼ ounce/day tree nuts using data from 24-h dietary recalls. Means and ANOVA (covariate adjusted) were determined using appropriate sample weights. Using logistic regression, odds ratios of being overweight (OW)/obese (OB) (body mass index [BMI] >25/<30 and ≥30, respectively) and having CVRF or MetS, were determined.

RESULTS

Tree nut consumption was associated with lower BMI (p = 0.004), waist circumference (WC) (p = 0.008), systolic blood pressure (BP) (p = 0.001), Homeostatic Model Assessment-Insulin Resistance (p = 0.043), and higher high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (p = 0.022), compared with no consumption, and a lower likelihood of OB (-25%), OW/OB (-23%), and elevated WC (-21%).

CONCLUSIONS

Tree nut consumption was associated with better weight status and some CVRF and MetS components.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, 261 Knapp Hall, 110 LSU Union Square, Baton Rouge, LA, 70803, USA. coneil1@lsu.edu.Nutrition Impact, LLC, 9725 D Drive North, Battle Creek, MI, 49014, USA. VIC3rd@aol.com.Department of Pediatrics, USDA/ARS Children's Nutrition Research Center, Baylor College of Medicine, 1100 Bates Street, Houston, TX, 77030, USA. tnicklas@bcm.edu.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26123047

Citation

O'Neil, Carol E., et al. "Tree Nut Consumption Is Associated With Better Adiposity Measures and Cardiovascular and Metabolic Syndrome Health Risk Factors in U.S. Adults: NHANES 2005-2010." Nutrition Journal, vol. 14, 2015, p. 64.
O'Neil CE, Fulgoni VL, Nicklas TA. Tree Nut consumption is associated with better adiposity measures and cardiovascular and metabolic syndrome health risk factors in U.S. Adults: NHANES 2005-2010. Nutr J. 2015;14:64.
O'Neil, C. E., Fulgoni, V. L., & Nicklas, T. A. (2015). Tree Nut consumption is associated with better adiposity measures and cardiovascular and metabolic syndrome health risk factors in U.S. Adults: NHANES 2005-2010. Nutrition Journal, 14, 64. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12937-015-0052-x
O'Neil CE, Fulgoni VL, Nicklas TA. Tree Nut Consumption Is Associated With Better Adiposity Measures and Cardiovascular and Metabolic Syndrome Health Risk Factors in U.S. Adults: NHANES 2005-2010. Nutr J. 2015 Jun 28;14:64. PubMed PMID: 26123047.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Tree Nut consumption is associated with better adiposity measures and cardiovascular and metabolic syndrome health risk factors in U.S. Adults: NHANES 2005-2010. AU - O'Neil,Carol E, AU - Fulgoni,Victor L,3rd AU - Nicklas,Theresa A, Y1 - 2015/06/28/ PY - 2015/04/22/received PY - 2015/06/19/accepted PY - 2015/7/1/entrez PY - 2015/7/1/pubmed PY - 2016/3/26/medline SP - 64 EP - 64 JF - Nutrition journal JO - Nutr J VL - 14 N2 - INTRODUCTION: Previous research has shown inconsistencies in the association of tree nut consumption with risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and metabolic syndrome (MetS). OBJECTIVE: To determine the association of tree nut consumption with risk factors for CVD and for MetS in adults. METHODS: NHANES 2005-2010 data were used to examine the associations of tree nut consumption with health risks in adults 19+ years (n = 14,386; 51% males). Tree nuts were: almonds, Brazil nuts, cashews, filberts [hazelnuts], macadamias, pecans, pine nuts, pistachios, and walnuts. Group definitions were non-consumers < ¼ ounce/day and consumers of ≥ ¼ ounce/day tree nuts using data from 24-h dietary recalls. Means and ANOVA (covariate adjusted) were determined using appropriate sample weights. Using logistic regression, odds ratios of being overweight (OW)/obese (OB) (body mass index [BMI] >25/<30 and ≥30, respectively) and having CVRF or MetS, were determined. RESULTS: Tree nut consumption was associated with lower BMI (p = 0.004), waist circumference (WC) (p = 0.008), systolic blood pressure (BP) (p = 0.001), Homeostatic Model Assessment-Insulin Resistance (p = 0.043), and higher high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (p = 0.022), compared with no consumption, and a lower likelihood of OB (-25%), OW/OB (-23%), and elevated WC (-21%). CONCLUSIONS: Tree nut consumption was associated with better weight status and some CVRF and MetS components. SN - 1475-2891 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26123047/Tree_Nut_consumption_is_associated_with_better_adiposity_measures_and_cardiovascular_and_metabolic_syndrome_health_risk_factors_in_U_S__Adults:_NHANES_2005_2010_ L2 - https://nutritionj.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12937-015-0052-x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -