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Prevalence, and early childhood caries risk indicators in preschool children in suburban Nigeria.
BMC Oral Health. 2015 Jun 30; 15:72.BO

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Early Childhood Caries (ECC) is defined as the presence of caries lesion in an primary tooth in children below the age of 71 months. It is a significant public health problem with consequences for the growth and development of affected children. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and ECC risk indicators in a suburban population in Nigeria.

METHODS

The data of 497 children aged 6 months to 71 months who were recruited through a household survey conducted in Ile-Ife, Nigeria was analysed for prevalence of ECC and risk indicators. Information on children's ages, sex, socioeconomic status, tooth brushing habits, sugary snacks consumption, use of fluoridated toothpaste, birth rank, infant-feeding practices, breastfeeding practices, maternal age at childbirth, and maternal knowledge of oral health was obtained. Children's oral hygiene and caries status was also determined. Risk factors associated with ECC were determined using logistic regression analysis.

RESULTS

Thirty-three (6.6%) children had ECC. Four (0.8%) had severe ECC. The four risk indicators for ECC were the child's gender, mothers' knowledge of oral health, consumption of sugary snacks in between meals more than three times a day, and the child's oral hygiene status. Females (PR: -0.06; 95% CI: -0.01- -0.01; p = 0.02), and children with mothers who had good knowledge of oral health (PR: -0.06; 95% CI: -0.11--0.008; p = 0.02) were less likely to have ECC. Children who consumed sugary snacks in between meals three times a day or more (PR: 0.05; CI: 0.003 - 0.01; P = 0.04) and children with fair oral hygiene (PR: 0.05; 95% CI: 0.005-0.10; p = 0.03) were more likely to have ECC.

CONCLUSIONS

The prevalence of ECC in the study population was low. Promoting good oral hygiene practices and enhancing mothers' knowledge of oral health may help reduce further, the risk for ECC in the study population.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Child Dental Health, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. toyinukpong@yahoo.co.uk. Oral Habit Study Group, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. toyinukpong@yahoo.co.uk. Department of Child Dental Health, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. toyinukpong@yahoo.co.uk.Department of Child Dental Health, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. kikelomokolawole@gmail.com. Oral Habit Study Group, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. kikelomokolawole@gmail.com. Department of Child Dental Health, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. kikelomokolawole@gmail.com.Department of Child Dental Health, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. elioziegbe@yahoo.com. Oral Habit Study Group, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. elioziegbe@yahoo.com. Department of Child Dental Health, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. elioziegbe@yahoo.com.Oral Habit Study Group, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. ayotitus4christ@gmail.com. Department of Child Dental Health, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. ayotitus4christ@gmail.com.Oral Habit Study Group, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. omo.osho@yahoo.com. Department of Child Dental Health, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. omo.osho@yahoo.com.Oral Habit Study Group, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. nnechukwumah@yahoo.com. Department of Child Dental Health, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. nnechukwumah@yahoo.com.Oral Habit Study Group, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. nnekaonyejaka@yahoo.com. Department of Child Dental Health, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. nnekaonyejaka@yahoo.com.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26123713

Citation

Folayan, Morenike O., et al. "Prevalence, and Early Childhood Caries Risk Indicators in Preschool Children in Suburban Nigeria." BMC Oral Health, vol. 15, 2015, p. 72.
Folayan MO, Kolawole KA, Oziegbe EO, et al. Prevalence, and early childhood caries risk indicators in preschool children in suburban Nigeria. BMC Oral Health. 2015;15:72.
Folayan, M. O., Kolawole, K. A., Oziegbe, E. O., Oyedele, T., Oshomoji, O. V., Chukwumah, N. M., & Onyejaka, N. (2015). Prevalence, and early childhood caries risk indicators in preschool children in suburban Nigeria. BMC Oral Health, 15, 72. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12903-015-0058-y
Folayan MO, et al. Prevalence, and Early Childhood Caries Risk Indicators in Preschool Children in Suburban Nigeria. BMC Oral Health. 2015 Jun 30;15:72. PubMed PMID: 26123713.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence, and early childhood caries risk indicators in preschool children in suburban Nigeria. AU - Folayan,Morenike O, AU - Kolawole,Kikelomo A, AU - Oziegbe,Elizabeth O, AU - Oyedele,Titus, AU - Oshomoji,Olusegun V, AU - Chukwumah,Nneka M, AU - Onyejaka,Nneka, Y1 - 2015/06/30/ PY - 2015/01/30/received PY - 2015/06/09/accepted PY - 2015/7/1/entrez PY - 2015/7/1/pubmed PY - 2016/12/15/medline SP - 72 EP - 72 JF - BMC oral health JO - BMC Oral Health VL - 15 N2 - BACKGROUND: Early Childhood Caries (ECC) is defined as the presence of caries lesion in an primary tooth in children below the age of 71 months. It is a significant public health problem with consequences for the growth and development of affected children. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and ECC risk indicators in a suburban population in Nigeria. METHODS: The data of 497 children aged 6 months to 71 months who were recruited through a household survey conducted in Ile-Ife, Nigeria was analysed for prevalence of ECC and risk indicators. Information on children's ages, sex, socioeconomic status, tooth brushing habits, sugary snacks consumption, use of fluoridated toothpaste, birth rank, infant-feeding practices, breastfeeding practices, maternal age at childbirth, and maternal knowledge of oral health was obtained. Children's oral hygiene and caries status was also determined. Risk factors associated with ECC were determined using logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Thirty-three (6.6%) children had ECC. Four (0.8%) had severe ECC. The four risk indicators for ECC were the child's gender, mothers' knowledge of oral health, consumption of sugary snacks in between meals more than three times a day, and the child's oral hygiene status. Females (PR: -0.06; 95% CI: -0.01- -0.01; p = 0.02), and children with mothers who had good knowledge of oral health (PR: -0.06; 95% CI: -0.11--0.008; p = 0.02) were less likely to have ECC. Children who consumed sugary snacks in between meals three times a day or more (PR: 0.05; CI: 0.003 - 0.01; P = 0.04) and children with fair oral hygiene (PR: 0.05; 95% CI: 0.005-0.10; p = 0.03) were more likely to have ECC. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of ECC in the study population was low. Promoting good oral hygiene practices and enhancing mothers' knowledge of oral health may help reduce further, the risk for ECC in the study population. SN - 1472-6831 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26123713/Prevalence_and_early_childhood_caries_risk_indicators_in_preschool_children_in_suburban_Nigeria_ L2 - https://bmcoralhealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12903-015-0058-y DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -