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Anemia and Associated Factors Among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Care Clinic in Wolayita Sodo Town, Southern Ethiopia.
Ethiop J Health Sci. 2015 Apr; 25(2):155-62.EJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Anemia during pregnancy is a common problem which affects both the mother's and her child's health. The main aim of the study was to determine the prevalence and associated risk factors of anemia among pregnant women.

METHODS

We conducted a facility based cross-sectional study on 363 pregnant women attending antenatal care clinic in Wolayita Soddo Otona Hospital from January to March 2014. Sociodemographic data were collected through questionnaire based interview. Four milliliter of venous blood and five grams of fecal samples were collected from each pregnant woman. Hematological parameters were determined using CELL DYN 1800(®) (Abott, USA) Hematology analyzer. Stool samples were checked for intestinal parasites using both direct wet mount and formol-ether concentration techniques. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 20 software.

RESULTS

Overall, the prevalence of anemia was 39.94% (95% CI: 34.7 - 45.2%), of which the majority (60%) had moderate anemia. The mean hemoglobin concentration was 11.55±2.97 g/dl. Age 15-24 years (AOR: 9.89, 95%CI:2.68-21.41), family size >5 (AOR:7.74, 95%CI:4.15-16.47), multigravida (AOR:2.66, 95%CI:1.1.31-4.53), having low income (AOR:5.81, 95%CI:2.93-14.11), current clinical illness (AOR: 6.38, 95%CI:3.13-13.00), intestinal parasitic infection (AOR:2.41, 95%CI:1.08-5.81), no history of contraceptive usage (AOR:5.02 95%CI:2.21-11.47), being in third trimesters (AOR:11.37, 95%CI:4.56-24.82), history of excess menstrual bleeding (AOR:9.82, 95%CI:3.27-21.35) and low body mass index (AOR:9.44, 95%CI:7.79-22.18) were identified as independent predictors of anemia among pregnant women.

CONCLUSION

Anemia prevalence was found out to be moderate public health importance. Identified risk factors should be considered for prevention and control of anemia among pregnant women.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Medical Laboratory Science and Pathology, Jimma University, Ethiopia.Department of Medical Laboratory Science and Pathology, Jimma University, Ethiopia.Department of Medical Laboratory Science and Pathology, Jimma University, Ethiopia.Department of Biomedical Sciences, Jimma University, Ethiopia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26124623

Citation

Gedefaw, Lealem, et al. "Anemia and Associated Factors Among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Care Clinic in Wolayita Sodo Town, Southern Ethiopia." Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences, vol. 25, no. 2, 2015, pp. 155-62.
Gedefaw L, Ayele A, Asres Y, et al. Anemia and Associated Factors Among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Care Clinic in Wolayita Sodo Town, Southern Ethiopia. Ethiop J Health Sci. 2015;25(2):155-62.
Gedefaw, L., Ayele, A., Asres, Y., & Mossie, A. (2015). Anemia and Associated Factors Among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Care Clinic in Wolayita Sodo Town, Southern Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences, 25(2), 155-62.
Gedefaw L, et al. Anemia and Associated Factors Among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Care Clinic in Wolayita Sodo Town, Southern Ethiopia. Ethiop J Health Sci. 2015;25(2):155-62. PubMed PMID: 26124623.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Anemia and Associated Factors Among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Care Clinic in Wolayita Sodo Town, Southern Ethiopia. AU - Gedefaw,Lealem, AU - Ayele,Asrat, AU - Asres,Yaregal, AU - Mossie,Andualem, PY - 2015/7/1/entrez PY - 2015/7/1/pubmed PY - 2016/3/18/medline KW - Anemia KW - Antenatal care clinic KW - Hemoglobin KW - Pregnant women SP - 155 EP - 62 JF - Ethiopian journal of health sciences JO - Ethiop J Health Sci VL - 25 IS - 2 N2 - BACKGROUND: Anemia during pregnancy is a common problem which affects both the mother's and her child's health. The main aim of the study was to determine the prevalence and associated risk factors of anemia among pregnant women. METHODS: We conducted a facility based cross-sectional study on 363 pregnant women attending antenatal care clinic in Wolayita Soddo Otona Hospital from January to March 2014. Sociodemographic data were collected through questionnaire based interview. Four milliliter of venous blood and five grams of fecal samples were collected from each pregnant woman. Hematological parameters were determined using CELL DYN 1800(®) (Abott, USA) Hematology analyzer. Stool samples were checked for intestinal parasites using both direct wet mount and formol-ether concentration techniques. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 20 software. RESULTS: Overall, the prevalence of anemia was 39.94% (95% CI: 34.7 - 45.2%), of which the majority (60%) had moderate anemia. The mean hemoglobin concentration was 11.55±2.97 g/dl. Age 15-24 years (AOR: 9.89, 95%CI:2.68-21.41), family size >5 (AOR:7.74, 95%CI:4.15-16.47), multigravida (AOR:2.66, 95%CI:1.1.31-4.53), having low income (AOR:5.81, 95%CI:2.93-14.11), current clinical illness (AOR: 6.38, 95%CI:3.13-13.00), intestinal parasitic infection (AOR:2.41, 95%CI:1.08-5.81), no history of contraceptive usage (AOR:5.02 95%CI:2.21-11.47), being in third trimesters (AOR:11.37, 95%CI:4.56-24.82), history of excess menstrual bleeding (AOR:9.82, 95%CI:3.27-21.35) and low body mass index (AOR:9.44, 95%CI:7.79-22.18) were identified as independent predictors of anemia among pregnant women. CONCLUSION: Anemia prevalence was found out to be moderate public health importance. Identified risk factors should be considered for prevention and control of anemia among pregnant women. SN - 2413-7170 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26124623/Anemia_and_Associated_Factors_Among_Pregnant_Women_Attending_Antenatal_Care_Clinic_in_Wolayita_Sodo_Town_Southern_Ethiopia_ L2 - http://ovidsp.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&PAGE=linkout&SEARCH=26124623.ui DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -