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Weeds ability to phytoremediate cadmium-contaminated soil.
Int J Phytoremediation. 2016; 18(1):48-53.IJ

Abstract

An alternative method to other technologies to clean up the soil, air and water pollution by heavy metals is phytoremediation. Therefore, a pot culture experiment was conducted at the College of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran, in 2014 to determine the potential absorption of cadmium by Portulaca oleracea (Common purslane), Solanum nigrum (Black nightshade), Abutilon theophrasti (Velvetleaf) and Taraxacum officinale (Dandelion). The type of experiment was completely randomized design with factorial arrangement and four replications. The soil in pot was treated with different rates of CdCl2.H2O (0 (control), 10, 20, 40, 60, and 80 mg Cd/kg soil) and the plants were sown. With increasing concentration levels, fresh weight and dry weight of shoots and roots of all plant species were reduced. The reduction severity was ranked according the following order, P. oleracea > A. theophrasti > S. nigrum > T. officinale. Bioconcentration factor (BCF), Translocation factor (TF) and Translocation efficiency (TE%) was ranked according the following order, T. officinale > S. nigrum > A. theophrasti > P. oleracea. The results of this study revealed that T. officinale and S. nigrum are effective species to phytoremediate Cd-contaminated soil.

Authors+Show Affiliations

a Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding , College of Agriculture, University of Birjand , Birjand , Iran.b Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding , College of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad , Mashhad , Iran.b Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding , College of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad , Mashhad , Iran.b Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding , College of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad , Mashhad , Iran.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26125671

Citation

Hammami, Hossein, et al. "Weeds Ability to Phytoremediate Cadmium-contaminated Soil." International Journal of Phytoremediation, vol. 18, no. 1, 2016, pp. 48-53.
Hammami H, Parsa M, Mohassel MH, et al. Weeds ability to phytoremediate cadmium-contaminated soil. Int J Phytoremediation. 2016;18(1):48-53.
Hammami, H., Parsa, M., Mohassel, M. H., Rahimi, S., & Mijani, S. (2016). Weeds ability to phytoremediate cadmium-contaminated soil. International Journal of Phytoremediation, 18(1), 48-53. https://doi.org/10.1080/15226514.2015.1058336
Hammami H, et al. Weeds Ability to Phytoremediate Cadmium-contaminated Soil. Int J Phytoremediation. 2016;18(1):48-53. PubMed PMID: 26125671.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Weeds ability to phytoremediate cadmium-contaminated soil. AU - Hammami,Hossein, AU - Parsa,Mehdi, AU - Mohassel,Mohammad Hassan Rashed, AU - Rahimi,Salman, AU - Mijani,Sajad, PY - 2015/7/1/entrez PY - 2015/7/1/pubmed PY - 2016/8/10/medline KW - cadmium KW - contaminated soil KW - heavy metals KW - phytoremediation; weeds SP - 48 EP - 53 JF - International journal of phytoremediation JO - Int J Phytoremediation VL - 18 IS - 1 N2 - An alternative method to other technologies to clean up the soil, air and water pollution by heavy metals is phytoremediation. Therefore, a pot culture experiment was conducted at the College of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran, in 2014 to determine the potential absorption of cadmium by Portulaca oleracea (Common purslane), Solanum nigrum (Black nightshade), Abutilon theophrasti (Velvetleaf) and Taraxacum officinale (Dandelion). The type of experiment was completely randomized design with factorial arrangement and four replications. The soil in pot was treated with different rates of CdCl2.H2O (0 (control), 10, 20, 40, 60, and 80 mg Cd/kg soil) and the plants were sown. With increasing concentration levels, fresh weight and dry weight of shoots and roots of all plant species were reduced. The reduction severity was ranked according the following order, P. oleracea > A. theophrasti > S. nigrum > T. officinale. Bioconcentration factor (BCF), Translocation factor (TF) and Translocation efficiency (TE%) was ranked according the following order, T. officinale > S. nigrum > A. theophrasti > P. oleracea. The results of this study revealed that T. officinale and S. nigrum are effective species to phytoremediate Cd-contaminated soil. SN - 1549-7879 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26125671/Weeds_ability_to_phytoremediate_cadmium_contaminated_soil_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15226514.2015.1058336 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -