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Dietary Patterns and Cognitive Decline Among Chinese Older Adults.
Epidemiology. 2015 Sep; 26(5):758-68.E

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Prospective evidence of associations of dietary patterns with cognitive decline is limited and inconsistent. We examined how cognitive changes among Chinese older adults relate to either an adapted Mediterranean diet score or factor analysis-derived dietary patterns.

METHODS

This prospective cohort study comprised 1,650 adults ≥55 years of age, who completed a cognitive screening test at two or more waves of the China Health and Nutrition Survey in 1997, 2000, or 2004. Outcomes were repeated measures of global cognitive scores, composite cognitive z scores (standardized units [SU]), and standardized verbal memory scores (SU). Baseline diet was measured by 24-hour recalls over 3 days. We used linear mixed effects models to evaluate how changes in cognitive scores were associated with adapted Mediterranean diet score and two dietary pattern scores derived from factor analysis.

RESULTS

Among adults ≥65 years of age, compared with participants in the lowest tertile of adapted Mediterranean diet, those in the highest tertile had a slower rate of cognitive decline (difference in mean SU change/year β = 0.042; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.002, 0.081). A wheat-based diverse diet derived by factor analysis shared features of the adapted Mediterranean diet, with the top tertile associated with slower annual decline in global cognitive function (β = 0.069 SU/year; 95% CI: 0.023, 0.114). We observed no associations among adults <65 years of age.

CONCLUSIONS

Our findings suggest that an adapted Mediterranean diet or a wheat-based, diverse diet with similar components may reduce the rate of cognitive decline in later life in the Chinese population.

Authors+Show Affiliations

From the aDepartment of Nutrition, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC; bDepartment of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC; cNutrition and Health Research Center, National Institute of Public Health of Mexico, Cuernavaca, Mexico; and dDepartment of Biostatistics, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26133024

Citation

Qin, Bo, et al. "Dietary Patterns and Cognitive Decline Among Chinese Older Adults." Epidemiology (Cambridge, Mass.), vol. 26, no. 5, 2015, pp. 758-68.
Qin B, Adair LS, Plassman BL, et al. Dietary Patterns and Cognitive Decline Among Chinese Older Adults. Epidemiology. 2015;26(5):758-68.
Qin, B., Adair, L. S., Plassman, B. L., Batis, C., Edwards, L. J., Popkin, B. M., & Mendez, M. A. (2015). Dietary Patterns and Cognitive Decline Among Chinese Older Adults. Epidemiology (Cambridge, Mass.), 26(5), 758-68. https://doi.org/10.1097/EDE.0000000000000338
Qin B, et al. Dietary Patterns and Cognitive Decline Among Chinese Older Adults. Epidemiology. 2015;26(5):758-68. PubMed PMID: 26133024.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary Patterns and Cognitive Decline Among Chinese Older Adults. AU - Qin,Bo, AU - Adair,Linda S, AU - Plassman,Brenda L, AU - Batis,Carolina, AU - Edwards,Lloyd J, AU - Popkin,Barry M, AU - Mendez,Michelle A, PY - 2015/7/2/entrez PY - 2015/7/2/pubmed PY - 2016/5/5/medline SP - 758 EP - 68 JF - Epidemiology (Cambridge, Mass.) JO - Epidemiology VL - 26 IS - 5 N2 - BACKGROUND: Prospective evidence of associations of dietary patterns with cognitive decline is limited and inconsistent. We examined how cognitive changes among Chinese older adults relate to either an adapted Mediterranean diet score or factor analysis-derived dietary patterns. METHODS: This prospective cohort study comprised 1,650 adults ≥55 years of age, who completed a cognitive screening test at two or more waves of the China Health and Nutrition Survey in 1997, 2000, or 2004. Outcomes were repeated measures of global cognitive scores, composite cognitive z scores (standardized units [SU]), and standardized verbal memory scores (SU). Baseline diet was measured by 24-hour recalls over 3 days. We used linear mixed effects models to evaluate how changes in cognitive scores were associated with adapted Mediterranean diet score and two dietary pattern scores derived from factor analysis. RESULTS: Among adults ≥65 years of age, compared with participants in the lowest tertile of adapted Mediterranean diet, those in the highest tertile had a slower rate of cognitive decline (difference in mean SU change/year β = 0.042; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.002, 0.081). A wheat-based diverse diet derived by factor analysis shared features of the adapted Mediterranean diet, with the top tertile associated with slower annual decline in global cognitive function (β = 0.069 SU/year; 95% CI: 0.023, 0.114). We observed no associations among adults <65 years of age. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that an adapted Mediterranean diet or a wheat-based, diverse diet with similar components may reduce the rate of cognitive decline in later life in the Chinese population. SN - 1531-5487 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26133024/Dietary_Patterns_and_Cognitive_Decline_Among_Chinese_Older_Adults_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1097/EDE.0000000000000338 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -