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Relationship between single and multiple perpetrator rape perpetration in South Africa: A comparison of risk factors in a population-based sample.
BMC Public Health. 2015 Jul 07; 15:616.BP

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Studies of rape of women seldom distinguish between men's participation in acts of single and multiple perpetrator rape. Multiple perpetrator rape (MPR) occurs globally with serious consequences for women. In South Africa it is a cultural practice with defined circumstances in which it commonly occurs. Prevention requires an understanding of whether it is a context specific intensification of single perpetrator rape, or a distinctly different practice of different men. This paper aims to address this question.

METHODS

We conducted a cross-sectional household study with a multi-stage, randomly selected sample of 1686 men aged 18-49 who completed a questionnaire administered using an Audio-enhanced Personal Digital Assistant. We attempted to fit an ordered logistic regression model for factors associated with rape perpetration.

RESULTS

27.6 % of men had raped and 8.8 % had perpetrated multiple perpetrator rape (MPR). Thus 31.9 % of men who had ever raped had done so with other perpetrators. An ordered regression model was fitted, showing that the same associated factors, albeit at higher prevalence, are associated with SPR and MPR.

CONCLUSIONS

Multiple perpetrator rape appears as an intensified form of single perpetrator rape, rather than a different form of rape. Prevention approaches need to be mainstreamed among young men.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Gender & Health Research Unit, Medical Research Council and School of Public Health, University of the Witwatersrand, Private Bag X385, Pretoria, 0001, South Africa. rjewkes@mrc.ac.za.Gender & Health Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa. yandisa.sikweyiya@mrc.ac.za.Gender & Health Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa. kristin.dunkle@mrc.ac.za.Research Office, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa. robert.morrell@uct.ac.za.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26149582

Citation

R, Jewkes, et al. "Relationship Between Single and Multiple Perpetrator Rape Perpetration in South Africa: a Comparison of Risk Factors in a Population-based Sample." BMC Public Health, vol. 15, 2015, p. 616.
R J, Y S, K D, et al. Relationship between single and multiple perpetrator rape perpetration in South Africa: A comparison of risk factors in a population-based sample. BMC Public Health. 2015;15:616.
R, J., Y, S., K, D., & R, M. (2015). Relationship between single and multiple perpetrator rape perpetration in South Africa: A comparison of risk factors in a population-based sample. BMC Public Health, 15, 616. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-015-1889-9
R J, et al. Relationship Between Single and Multiple Perpetrator Rape Perpetration in South Africa: a Comparison of Risk Factors in a Population-based Sample. BMC Public Health. 2015 Jul 7;15:616. PubMed PMID: 26149582.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Relationship between single and multiple perpetrator rape perpetration in South Africa: A comparison of risk factors in a population-based sample. AU - R,Jewkes, AU - Y,Sikweyiya, AU - K,Dunkle, AU - R,Morrell, Y1 - 2015/07/07/ PY - 2014/11/10/received PY - 2015/05/29/accepted PY - 2015/7/8/entrez PY - 2015/7/8/pubmed PY - 2016/2/5/medline SP - 616 EP - 616 JF - BMC public health JO - BMC Public Health VL - 15 N2 - BACKGROUND: Studies of rape of women seldom distinguish between men's participation in acts of single and multiple perpetrator rape. Multiple perpetrator rape (MPR) occurs globally with serious consequences for women. In South Africa it is a cultural practice with defined circumstances in which it commonly occurs. Prevention requires an understanding of whether it is a context specific intensification of single perpetrator rape, or a distinctly different practice of different men. This paper aims to address this question. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional household study with a multi-stage, randomly selected sample of 1686 men aged 18-49 who completed a questionnaire administered using an Audio-enhanced Personal Digital Assistant. We attempted to fit an ordered logistic regression model for factors associated with rape perpetration. RESULTS: 27.6 % of men had raped and 8.8 % had perpetrated multiple perpetrator rape (MPR). Thus 31.9 % of men who had ever raped had done so with other perpetrators. An ordered regression model was fitted, showing that the same associated factors, albeit at higher prevalence, are associated with SPR and MPR. CONCLUSIONS: Multiple perpetrator rape appears as an intensified form of single perpetrator rape, rather than a different form of rape. Prevention approaches need to be mainstreamed among young men. SN - 1471-2458 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26149582/Relationship_between_single_and_multiple_perpetrator_rape_perpetration_in_South_Africa:_A_comparison_of_risk_factors_in_a_population_based_sample_ L2 - https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12889-015-1889-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -