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Injuries in women's international ice hockey: an 8-year study of the World Championship tournaments and Olympic Winter Games.
Br J Sports Med 2016; 50(22):1406-1412BJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

We report the incidence, type, mechanism and severity of ice hockey injuries in women's international ice hockey championships.

METHODS

All injuries in the International Ice Hockey Federation World Women's Championship, World Women's under-18 Championship and Olympic Winter Games tournaments were analysed over an 8-year period using a strict injury definition, standardised reporting and team physician diagnosis.

RESULTS

168 injuries were recorded in 637 games over an 8-year period resulting in an injury rate (IR) of 6.4 per 1000 player-games and 22.0/1000 player-game hours. The IRs were 2.7/1000 player-games for the lower body, 1.4 for the upper body, 1.3 for the head and face and 0.9 for the spine and trunk. Contusion was the most common injury followed by a sprain. The most commonly injured site was the knee (48.6% of lower body injuries; IR 1.3/1000 player-games). The Medial collateral ligament sprain occurred in 37.1% and ACL rupture in 11.4% of knee injuries. A concussion (74.3%; IR 1.0/1000 player-games) was the most common head injury.

CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

The risk of injury to female ice hockey players at World Championship and Olympic tournaments was about half of that observed in the men's Championships. Full facial protection decreases the risk of lacerations and should be continued in all future female tournaments. More effective prevention strategies for knee, ankle and shoulder injuries are needed in women's ice hockey. Improved concussion education is necessary to promote more consistent diagnosis and return to play protocols.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Medisport Ltd, Tampere, Finland.Department of Orthopedics, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA.Ottawa Sport Medicine Centre, Ottawa, Canada.Injury and Osteoporosis Research Center, UKK Institute, Tampere, Finland.Injury and Osteoporosis Research Center, UKK Institute, Tampere, Finland.Tampere Research Center of Sports Medicine, UKK Institute, Tampere, Finland.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Observational Study

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26153516

Citation

Tuominen, Markku, et al. "Injuries in Women's International Ice Hockey: an 8-year Study of the World Championship Tournaments and Olympic Winter Games." British Journal of Sports Medicine, vol. 50, no. 22, 2016, pp. 1406-1412.
Tuominen M, Stuart MJ, Aubry M, et al. Injuries in women's international ice hockey: an 8-year study of the World Championship tournaments and Olympic Winter Games. Br J Sports Med. 2016;50(22):1406-1412.
Tuominen, M., Stuart, M. J., Aubry, M., Kannus, P., Tokola, K., & Parkkari, J. (2016). Injuries in women's international ice hockey: an 8-year study of the World Championship tournaments and Olympic Winter Games. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 50(22), pp. 1406-1412. doi:10.1136/bjsports-2015-094647.
Tuominen M, et al. Injuries in Women's International Ice Hockey: an 8-year Study of the World Championship Tournaments and Olympic Winter Games. Br J Sports Med. 2016;50(22):1406-1412. PubMed PMID: 26153516.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Injuries in women's international ice hockey: an 8-year study of the World Championship tournaments and Olympic Winter Games. AU - Tuominen,Markku, AU - Stuart,Michael J, AU - Aubry,Mark, AU - Kannus,Pekka, AU - Tokola,Kari, AU - Parkkari,Jari, Y1 - 2015/07/07/ PY - 2015/06/17/accepted PY - 2016/11/3/pubmed PY - 2017/3/28/medline PY - 2015/7/9/entrez KW - Concussion KW - Epidemiology KW - Female KW - Ice hockey KW - Injuries SP - 1406 EP - 1412 JF - British journal of sports medicine JO - Br J Sports Med VL - 50 IS - 22 N2 - BACKGROUND: We report the incidence, type, mechanism and severity of ice hockey injuries in women's international ice hockey championships. METHODS: All injuries in the International Ice Hockey Federation World Women's Championship, World Women's under-18 Championship and Olympic Winter Games tournaments were analysed over an 8-year period using a strict injury definition, standardised reporting and team physician diagnosis. RESULTS: 168 injuries were recorded in 637 games over an 8-year period resulting in an injury rate (IR) of 6.4 per 1000 player-games and 22.0/1000 player-game hours. The IRs were 2.7/1000 player-games for the lower body, 1.4 for the upper body, 1.3 for the head and face and 0.9 for the spine and trunk. Contusion was the most common injury followed by a sprain. The most commonly injured site was the knee (48.6% of lower body injuries; IR 1.3/1000 player-games). The Medial collateral ligament sprain occurred in 37.1% and ACL rupture in 11.4% of knee injuries. A concussion (74.3%; IR 1.0/1000 player-games) was the most common head injury. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS: The risk of injury to female ice hockey players at World Championship and Olympic tournaments was about half of that observed in the men's Championships. Full facial protection decreases the risk of lacerations and should be continued in all future female tournaments. More effective prevention strategies for knee, ankle and shoulder injuries are needed in women's ice hockey. Improved concussion education is necessary to promote more consistent diagnosis and return to play protocols. SN - 1473-0480 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26153516/Injuries_in_women's_international_ice_hockey:_an_8_year_study_of_the_World_Championship_tournaments_and_Olympic_Winter_Games_ L2 - http://bjsm.bmj.com/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=26153516 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -