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Prevalence and severity of molar incisor hypomineralization in children aged 11-16 years of a city in Karnataka, Davangere.
J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent. 2015 Jul-Sep; 33(3):213-7.JI

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

Molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH) describes the clinical picture of hypomineralization of systemic origin affecting one or more first permanent molar. There is a rarity of prevalence studies in Indian population.

OBJECTIVES

The main aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of MIH in a population of South Indian children.

SETTINGS AND DESIGN

A cross-sectional epidemiological survey, included 2000 children aged 11-16 years chosen by stratified random sampling from government and private schools of Davangere, a city in South India.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Evaluation of MIH and decayed, missing and filled teeth was carried out in these children by a calibrated examiner. The severity of hypomineralization was recorded according to the Wetzel and Reckel scale.

STATISTICAL ANALYSIS

Chi-square test was used to analyze the categorical data. P ≤ 0.05 was considered for statistical significance.

RESULTS

About 8.9% of all examined children showed at least one ill-structured first permanent molar in terms of MIH. The male and female ratio was found to be 1:1.1. The decreasing order of occurrence of MIH affected teeth were permanent maxillary molars, maxillaryincisors, mandibular molars and the mandibular incisors.

CONCLUSION

The prevalence of MIH in the permanent dentition of south Indian children was 8.9%. There is a need for a proper planned preventive and restorative program with regard to the increasing prevalence of MIH.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Syamala Redddy Dental College, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26156275

Citation

Kirthiga, M, et al. "Prevalence and Severity of Molar Incisor Hypomineralization in Children Aged 11-16 Years of a City in Karnataka, Davangere." Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, vol. 33, no. 3, 2015, pp. 213-7.
Kirthiga M, Poornima P, Praveen R, et al. Prevalence and severity of molar incisor hypomineralization in children aged 11-16 years of a city in Karnataka, Davangere. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent. 2015;33(3):213-7.
Kirthiga, M., Poornima, P., Praveen, R., Gayathri, P., Manju, M., & Priya, M. (2015). Prevalence and severity of molar incisor hypomineralization in children aged 11-16 years of a city in Karnataka, Davangere. Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, 33(3), 213-7. https://doi.org/10.4103/0970-4388.160366
Kirthiga M, et al. Prevalence and Severity of Molar Incisor Hypomineralization in Children Aged 11-16 Years of a City in Karnataka, Davangere. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent. 2015 Jul-Sep;33(3):213-7. PubMed PMID: 26156275.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence and severity of molar incisor hypomineralization in children aged 11-16 years of a city in Karnataka, Davangere. AU - Kirthiga,M, AU - Poornima,P, AU - Praveen,R, AU - Gayathri,P, AU - Manju,M, AU - Priya,M, PY - 2015/7/10/entrez PY - 2015/7/15/pubmed PY - 2017/1/20/medline SP - 213 EP - 7 JF - Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry JO - J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent VL - 33 IS - 3 N2 - INTRODUCTION: Molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH) describes the clinical picture of hypomineralization of systemic origin affecting one or more first permanent molar. There is a rarity of prevalence studies in Indian population. OBJECTIVES: The main aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of MIH in a population of South Indian children. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A cross-sectional epidemiological survey, included 2000 children aged 11-16 years chosen by stratified random sampling from government and private schools of Davangere, a city in South India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Evaluation of MIH and decayed, missing and filled teeth was carried out in these children by a calibrated examiner. The severity of hypomineralization was recorded according to the Wetzel and Reckel scale. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Chi-square test was used to analyze the categorical data. P ≤ 0.05 was considered for statistical significance. RESULTS: About 8.9% of all examined children showed at least one ill-structured first permanent molar in terms of MIH. The male and female ratio was found to be 1:1.1. The decreasing order of occurrence of MIH affected teeth were permanent maxillary molars, maxillaryincisors, mandibular molars and the mandibular incisors. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of MIH in the permanent dentition of south Indian children was 8.9%. There is a need for a proper planned preventive and restorative program with regard to the increasing prevalence of MIH. SN - 1998-3905 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26156275/Prevalence_and_severity_of_molar_incisor_hypomineralization_in_children_aged_11_16_years_of_a_city_in_Karnataka_Davangere_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -