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Basal View Reference Photographs for Nasolabial Appearance Rating in Unilateral Cleft Lip and Palate.
J Craniofac Surg. 2015 Jul; 26(5):1548-50.JC

Abstract

The Asher-McDade system is a 5-point ordinal scale frequently used to rate the components of nasolabial appearance, including nasal form and nasal symmetry, in unilateral cleft lip and palate. Although reference photographs illustrating this scale have been identified for the frontal and right profile view, no reference photographs exist for the basal view. The aim of this study was to identify reference photographs for nasal form and nasal symmetry from the basal view to illustrate this scale and facilitate its use. Four raters assessed nasolabial appearance (form and symmetry) on basal view photographs of 50 children (average age 8 years) with a repaired cleft lip. Intraclass correlation coefficients show fair to moderate inter-rater reliability. Cronbach α indicated strong agreement between raters (0.77 nasal form; 0.78 nasal symmetry; 0.80 overall), along with low duplicate measurement error and strong internal consistency between the measures. The photographs with the highest agreement among raters were selected to illustrate each point on the 5-point scale for nasal form and for nasal symmetry, resulting in the selection of 10 reference photographs. The basal view reference photograph set developed from this study may complement existing reference photograph sets for other views and facilitate rating tasks.

Authors+Show Affiliations

*The Department of Plastic Surgery, New York University Langone Medical Center †Department of Preventive Medicine and Program in Public Health, Stony Brook University Health Sciences Center, Stony Brook, NY.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26163840

Citation

Rubin, Marcie S., et al. "Basal View Reference Photographs for Nasolabial Appearance Rating in Unilateral Cleft Lip and Palate." The Journal of Craniofacial Surgery, vol. 26, no. 5, 2015, pp. 1548-50.
Rubin MS, Lowe KM, Clouston S, et al. Basal View Reference Photographs for Nasolabial Appearance Rating in Unilateral Cleft Lip and Palate. J Craniofac Surg. 2015;26(5):1548-50.
Rubin, M. S., Lowe, K. M., Clouston, S., Shetye, P. R., Warren, S. M., & Grayson, B. H. (2015). Basal View Reference Photographs for Nasolabial Appearance Rating in Unilateral Cleft Lip and Palate. The Journal of Craniofacial Surgery, 26(5), 1548-50. https://doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000001846
Rubin MS, et al. Basal View Reference Photographs for Nasolabial Appearance Rating in Unilateral Cleft Lip and Palate. J Craniofac Surg. 2015;26(5):1548-50. PubMed PMID: 26163840.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Basal View Reference Photographs for Nasolabial Appearance Rating in Unilateral Cleft Lip and Palate. AU - Rubin,Marcie S, AU - Lowe,Kristen M, AU - Clouston,Sean, AU - Shetye,Pradip R, AU - Warren,Stephen M, AU - Grayson,Barry H, PY - 2015/7/13/entrez PY - 2015/7/15/pubmed PY - 2016/3/25/medline SP - 1548 EP - 50 JF - The Journal of craniofacial surgery JO - J Craniofac Surg VL - 26 IS - 5 N2 - The Asher-McDade system is a 5-point ordinal scale frequently used to rate the components of nasolabial appearance, including nasal form and nasal symmetry, in unilateral cleft lip and palate. Although reference photographs illustrating this scale have been identified for the frontal and right profile view, no reference photographs exist for the basal view. The aim of this study was to identify reference photographs for nasal form and nasal symmetry from the basal view to illustrate this scale and facilitate its use. Four raters assessed nasolabial appearance (form and symmetry) on basal view photographs of 50 children (average age 8 years) with a repaired cleft lip. Intraclass correlation coefficients show fair to moderate inter-rater reliability. Cronbach α indicated strong agreement between raters (0.77 nasal form; 0.78 nasal symmetry; 0.80 overall), along with low duplicate measurement error and strong internal consistency between the measures. The photographs with the highest agreement among raters were selected to illustrate each point on the 5-point scale for nasal form and for nasal symmetry, resulting in the selection of 10 reference photographs. The basal view reference photograph set developed from this study may complement existing reference photograph sets for other views and facilitate rating tasks. SN - 1536-3732 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26163840/Basal_View_Reference_Photographs_for_Nasolabial_Appearance_Rating_in_Unilateral_Cleft_Lip_and_Palate_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000001846 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -