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Microbiological Assessment, Nutritional Characterization and Phenolic Compounds of Bee Pollen from Mellipona mandacaia Smith, 1983.
Molecules. 2015 Jul 09; 20(7):12525-44.M

Abstract

This study aims to assess the microbiological parameters and the chemical composition of 21 samples of stingless bee pollen (Melipona mandacaia) from two regions of Bahia, Brazil (João Dourado and Uibaí), with particular emphasis on the nutritional value, total phenols and flavonoids and fatty acids composition. Regarding the microbiological quality, the studied microorganisms (moulds and yeasts, coliforms, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella sp., psychrotrophic and sulfite-reducing Clostridia) were absent in all samples. On the other hand, the values obtained for the aerobic mesophilic microorganism ranged from 11.0 ± 1.0 to 1.32 ± 1.2 cfu∙g-1 (JD samples) and from 282 ± 3.82 to 688 ± 10.1 cfu∙g-1 (U samples). The nutritional parameters (moisture, ash, water activity, pH, total acidity, protein, fiber, total phenolic, flavonoids and reducing sugars) were within the stipulated by law, except for pH and moisture content, which presented superior and inferior values, respectively. Polyunsaturated fatty acids (54.1%) were significantly higher than saturated (42.18%) and monounsaturated (3.71%). It was found that the bee pollen is safe from the microbiological point of view and has a good nutritional quality. The influence of the geographical origin on the assessed parameters was evident, especially concerning the fatty acid profile.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Grupo de Pesquisa Insecta, Centro de Ciências Agrárias, Ambientais e Biológicas da Universidade Federal do Recôncavo da Bahia, 44380-000 Cruz das Almas, Bahia, Brazil. marivaldafsb@gmail.com.Grupo de Pesquisa Insecta, Centro de Ciências Agrárias, Ambientais e Biológicas da Universidade Federal do Recôncavo da Bahia, 44380-000 Cruz das Almas, Bahia, Brazil. cerilenes@yahoo.ufrb.edu.br.Grupo de Pesquisa Insecta, Centro de Ciências Agrárias, Ambientais e Biológicas da Universidade Federal do Recôncavo da Bahia, 44380-000 Cruz das Almas, Bahia, Brazil. geni@ufrb.edu.br.Escola Superior Agrária, Instituto Politécnico de Bragança, Campus Santa Apolónia, 5301-855 Bragança, Portugal. ldias@ipb.pt. Centro de Química-Vila Real, Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, 5000-801 Vila Real, Portugal. ldias@ipb.pt.Escola Superior Agrária, Instituto Politécnico de Bragança, Campus Santa Apolónia, 5301-855 Bragança, Portugal. leticia@ipb.pt. Centro de Investigação de Montanha, Escola Superior Agrária, Instituto Politécnico de Bragança, Campus Santa Apolónia, 5301-855 Bragança, Portugal. leticia@ipb.pt.Grupo de Pesquisa Insecta, Centro de Ciências Agrárias, Ambientais e Biológicas da Universidade Federal do Recôncavo da Bahia, 44380-000 Cruz das Almas, Bahia, Brazil. calfredo@ufrb.edu.br.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26184138

Citation

Bárbara, Marivalda Santa, et al. "Microbiological Assessment, Nutritional Characterization and Phenolic Compounds of Bee Pollen From Mellipona Mandacaia Smith, 1983." Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), vol. 20, no. 7, 2015, pp. 12525-44.
Bárbara MS, Machado CS, Sodré Gda S, et al. Microbiological Assessment, Nutritional Characterization and Phenolic Compounds of Bee Pollen from Mellipona mandacaia Smith, 1983. Molecules. 2015;20(7):12525-44.
Bárbara, M. S., Machado, C. S., Sodré, G. d. a. . S., Dias, L. G., Estevinho, L. M., & de Carvalho, C. A. (2015). Microbiological Assessment, Nutritional Characterization and Phenolic Compounds of Bee Pollen from Mellipona mandacaia Smith, 1983. Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 20(7), 12525-44. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules200712525
Bárbara MS, et al. Microbiological Assessment, Nutritional Characterization and Phenolic Compounds of Bee Pollen From Mellipona Mandacaia Smith, 1983. Molecules. 2015 Jul 9;20(7):12525-44. PubMed PMID: 26184138.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Microbiological Assessment, Nutritional Characterization and Phenolic Compounds of Bee Pollen from Mellipona mandacaia Smith, 1983. AU - Bárbara,Marivalda Santa, AU - Machado,Cerilene Santiago, AU - Sodré,Geni da Silva, AU - Dias,Luís G, AU - Estevinho,Leticia M, AU - de Carvalho,Carlos Alfredo Lopes, Y1 - 2015/07/09/ PY - 2015/06/04/received PY - 2015/06/30/revised PY - 2015/07/03/accepted PY - 2015/7/18/entrez PY - 2015/7/18/pubmed PY - 2016/4/27/medline KW - Melipona mandacaia KW - bee pollen KW - fatty acids KW - microbiological quality KW - nutritional characterization KW - stingless bee SP - 12525 EP - 44 JF - Molecules (Basel, Switzerland) JO - Molecules VL - 20 IS - 7 N2 - This study aims to assess the microbiological parameters and the chemical composition of 21 samples of stingless bee pollen (Melipona mandacaia) from two regions of Bahia, Brazil (João Dourado and Uibaí), with particular emphasis on the nutritional value, total phenols and flavonoids and fatty acids composition. Regarding the microbiological quality, the studied microorganisms (moulds and yeasts, coliforms, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella sp., psychrotrophic and sulfite-reducing Clostridia) were absent in all samples. On the other hand, the values obtained for the aerobic mesophilic microorganism ranged from 11.0 ± 1.0 to 1.32 ± 1.2 cfu∙g-1 (JD samples) and from 282 ± 3.82 to 688 ± 10.1 cfu∙g-1 (U samples). The nutritional parameters (moisture, ash, water activity, pH, total acidity, protein, fiber, total phenolic, flavonoids and reducing sugars) were within the stipulated by law, except for pH and moisture content, which presented superior and inferior values, respectively. Polyunsaturated fatty acids (54.1%) were significantly higher than saturated (42.18%) and monounsaturated (3.71%). It was found that the bee pollen is safe from the microbiological point of view and has a good nutritional quality. The influence of the geographical origin on the assessed parameters was evident, especially concerning the fatty acid profile. SN - 1420-3049 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26184138/Microbiological_Assessment_Nutritional_Characterization_and_Phenolic_Compounds_of_Bee_Pollen_from_Mellipona_mandacaia_Smith_1983_ L2 - http://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=molecules200712525 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -