[Digestive hemorrhage caused by rupture of esophageal varices. Analysis of 47 emergency surgeries].Ann Chir. 1989; 43(10):799-803.AC
Between 1 January 1984 and 31 December 1986, 47 patients out of a total of 228 patients admitted to hospital with endoscopy-proven bleeding esophageal varices, underwent an emergency operation. The indications were massive hemorrhage in 29 patients, and rebleeding early after a first serious episode in 18 patients. Four patients underwent early reoperation for recurrent variceal bleeding. Thirty-seven porto-caval shunts, 10 esophageal transections, 3 proximal gastric resections and 1 exploratory laparotomy were performed. The early results were satisfactory in 53.2% of the patients; operative morbidity and mortality were 19.1% and 27.7% respectively. Four patients died from gastric variceal bleeding soon after esophageal transection. Operative mortality was greater when the patient was Child C or operated for massive hemorrhage. Survivors were followed for at least 12 months. Two patients died from shunt occlusion and recurrent variceal bleeding. No severe encephalopathy was reported. Analysis of the results suggest that porto-caval shunt is indicated in Child A or B patients, particularly with recurrent variceal bleeding soon after a first episode controlled medically.