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[Comparison of Intravitreal Dexamethasone Implant versus Intravitreal Ranibizumab as a First-Line Treatment of Macular Oedema due to Retinal Vein Occlusion].
Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2015 Nov; 232(11):1289-96.KM

Abstract

PURPOSE

The present study investigated the treatment effect of dexamethasone implant (Ozurdex®, group 1) and anti-VEGF injection (Lucentis®, group 2) in course of macular oedema due to retinal vein occlusion in a retrospective, non-randomised case series.

MATERIAL AND METHODS

Group 1 comprised 60 patients (31 with CRVO and 29 with BRVO) and group 2 included 52 patients, 27 with CRVO and 25 with BRVO) and both groups were further treated in case of recurrence. Preoperative and in monthly intervals best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), central retinal thickness using SD-OCT (Spectralis, Heidelberg Engineering), intraocular pressure, biomicroscopy status and a fundus photo documentation (Optomap) were evaluated. The primary clinical endpoint was visual acuity 12 months after the first intravitreal therapy, while secondary endpoints included the central retinal thickness change and safety of therapy.

RESULTS

In group 1, an increase of BCVA (± standard deviation) of 8.4 (± 1.9) letters was observed in CRVO patients and a gain of 10.7 (± 3.8) letters in BRVO patients after 12 months, while in group 2, an increase of BCVA of 6.9 (± 1.9) letters (CRVO) compared to 12.5 (± 3.7) letters (BRVO) was observed after the same time span. In both groups a significant reduction in retinal thickness was achieved. An increase of intraocular pressure above 5 mmHg was observed in nearly half of the cases In group 1, but was well controlled by conservative antiglaucomatous therapy. We observed a progression of lens opacity in approximately 50 % of the cases in group 1.

CONCLUSION

The treatment with Ozurdex compared to Lucentis appears to provide a trend towards a better although not significant visual acuity increase after 12 months in CRVO patients. A similar trend favouring anti-VEGF treatment with Lucentis was seen in patients with BRVO. However, the lens status and age of the patient should be taken into account when considering a treatment with Ozurdex.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Augenklinik der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München.Augenklinik des Bürgerhospitals Frankfurt am Main.Augenklinik der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München.Augenklinik der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München.Augenklinik Herzog Carl Theodor München.

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
English Abstract
Journal Article

Language

ger

PubMed ID

26197958

Citation

Mayer, W J., et al. "[Comparison of Intravitreal Dexamethasone Implant Versus Intravitreal Ranibizumab as a First-Line Treatment of Macular Oedema Due to Retinal Vein Occlusion]." Klinische Monatsblatter Fur Augenheilkunde, vol. 232, no. 11, 2015, pp. 1289-96.
Mayer WJ, Hadjigoli A, Wolf A, et al. [Comparison of Intravitreal Dexamethasone Implant versus Intravitreal Ranibizumab as a First-Line Treatment of Macular Oedema due to Retinal Vein Occlusion]. Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2015;232(11):1289-96.
Mayer, W. J., Hadjigoli, A., Wolf, A., Herold, T., & Haritoglou, C. (2015). [Comparison of Intravitreal Dexamethasone Implant versus Intravitreal Ranibizumab as a First-Line Treatment of Macular Oedema due to Retinal Vein Occlusion]. Klinische Monatsblatter Fur Augenheilkunde, 232(11), 1289-96. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0035-1546176
Mayer WJ, et al. [Comparison of Intravitreal Dexamethasone Implant Versus Intravitreal Ranibizumab as a First-Line Treatment of Macular Oedema Due to Retinal Vein Occlusion]. Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2015;232(11):1289-96. PubMed PMID: 26197958.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Comparison of Intravitreal Dexamethasone Implant versus Intravitreal Ranibizumab as a First-Line Treatment of Macular Oedema due to Retinal Vein Occlusion]. AU - Mayer,W J, AU - Hadjigoli,A, AU - Wolf,A, AU - Herold,T, AU - Haritoglou,C, Y1 - 2015/07/21/ PY - 2015/7/23/entrez PY - 2015/7/23/pubmed PY - 2016/9/1/medline SP - 1289 EP - 96 JF - Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde JO - Klin Monbl Augenheilkd VL - 232 IS - 11 N2 - PURPOSE: The present study investigated the treatment effect of dexamethasone implant (Ozurdex®, group 1) and anti-VEGF injection (Lucentis®, group 2) in course of macular oedema due to retinal vein occlusion in a retrospective, non-randomised case series. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Group 1 comprised 60 patients (31 with CRVO and 29 with BRVO) and group 2 included 52 patients, 27 with CRVO and 25 with BRVO) and both groups were further treated in case of recurrence. Preoperative and in monthly intervals best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), central retinal thickness using SD-OCT (Spectralis, Heidelberg Engineering), intraocular pressure, biomicroscopy status and a fundus photo documentation (Optomap) were evaluated. The primary clinical endpoint was visual acuity 12 months after the first intravitreal therapy, while secondary endpoints included the central retinal thickness change and safety of therapy. RESULTS: In group 1, an increase of BCVA (± standard deviation) of 8.4 (± 1.9) letters was observed in CRVO patients and a gain of 10.7 (± 3.8) letters in BRVO patients after 12 months, while in group 2, an increase of BCVA of 6.9 (± 1.9) letters (CRVO) compared to 12.5 (± 3.7) letters (BRVO) was observed after the same time span. In both groups a significant reduction in retinal thickness was achieved. An increase of intraocular pressure above 5 mmHg was observed in nearly half of the cases In group 1, but was well controlled by conservative antiglaucomatous therapy. We observed a progression of lens opacity in approximately 50 % of the cases in group 1. CONCLUSION: The treatment with Ozurdex compared to Lucentis appears to provide a trend towards a better although not significant visual acuity increase after 12 months in CRVO patients. A similar trend favouring anti-VEGF treatment with Lucentis was seen in patients with BRVO. However, the lens status and age of the patient should be taken into account when considering a treatment with Ozurdex. SN - 1439-3999 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26197958/[Comparison_of_Intravitreal_Dexamethasone_Implant_versus_Intravitreal_Ranibizumab_as_a_First_Line_Treatment_of_Macular_Oedema_due_to_Retinal_Vein_Occlusion]_ L2 - http://www.thieme-connect.com/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-0035-1546176 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -