Palladium Catalyzed C-Arylation of Amino Acid Derived Hydantoins.Org Lett. 2015 Aug 07; 17(15):3838-41.OL
Palladium(II) trifluoroacetate (5 mol %) catalyzes the C-arylation of N,N-disubstituted hydantoins by aryl iodides in good yield. The reaction proceeds through base-promoted enolization of the amino acid derived hydantoins, and the resulting 5,5-disubstituted hydantoins may be deprotected at one or both N atoms to yield biologically active structures or alternatively hydrolyzed to the parent α-aryl α-amino acids. The reaction is successful with a variety of parent amino acids and a range of electron-rich and electron-poor aryl iodides.