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Recent Sexual Trauma and Adverse Health and Occupational Outcomes Among U.S. Service Women.
J Trauma Stress. 2015 Aug; 28(4):298-306.JT

Abstract

Sexual trauma is prevalent among military women, but data on potential effects are needed. The association of sexual trauma with health and occupational outcomes was investigated using longitudinal data from the Millennium Cohort Study. Of 13,001 U.S. service women, 1,364 (10.5%) reported recent sexual harassment and 374 (2.9%) recent sexual assault. Women reporting recent sexual harassment or assault were more likely to report poorer mental health: OR = 1.96, 95% CI [1.71, 2.25], and OR = 3.45, 95% CI [2.67, 4.44], respectively. They reported poorer physical health: OR = 1.39, 95% CI [1.20, 1.62], and OR = 1.39, 95% CI [1.04, 1.85], respectively. They reported difficulties in work/activities due to emotional health: OR = 1.80, 95% CI [1.59, 2.04], and OR = 2.70, 95% CI [2.12, 3.44], respectively. They also reported difficulties with physical health: OR = 1.55, 95% CI [1.37, 1.75], and OR = 1.52 95% CI [1.20, 1.91], respectively, after adjustment for demographic, military, health, and prior sexual trauma characteristics. Recent sexual harassment was associated with demotion, OR = 1.47, 95% CI [1.12, 1.93]. Findings demonstrated that sexual trauma represents a potential threat to military operational readiness and draws attention to the importance of prevention strategies and services to reduce the burden of sexual trauma on military victims.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Directorate of Mental Health, Naval Medical Center, San Diego, California, USA.Deployment Health Research Department, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California, USA.Deployment Health Research Department, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California, USA.National Center for PTSD, VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. Department of Psychiatry, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.Warfighter Performance Department, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California, USA.Deployment Health Research Department, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California, USA.Deployment Health Research Department, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26201507

Citation

Millegan, Jeffrey, et al. "Recent Sexual Trauma and Adverse Health and Occupational Outcomes Among U.S. Service Women." Journal of Traumatic Stress, vol. 28, no. 4, 2015, pp. 298-306.
Millegan J, Milburn EK, LeardMann CA, et al. Recent Sexual Trauma and Adverse Health and Occupational Outcomes Among U.S. Service Women. J Trauma Stress. 2015;28(4):298-306.
Millegan, J., Milburn, E. K., LeardMann, C. A., Street, A. E., Williams, D., Trone, D. W., & Crum-Cianflone, N. F. (2015). Recent Sexual Trauma and Adverse Health and Occupational Outcomes Among U.S. Service Women. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 28(4), 298-306. https://doi.org/10.1002/jts.22028
Millegan J, et al. Recent Sexual Trauma and Adverse Health and Occupational Outcomes Among U.S. Service Women. J Trauma Stress. 2015;28(4):298-306. PubMed PMID: 26201507.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Recent Sexual Trauma and Adverse Health and Occupational Outcomes Among U.S. Service Women. AU - Millegan,Jeffrey, AU - Milburn,Emma K, AU - LeardMann,Cynthia A, AU - Street,Amy E, AU - Williams,Diane, AU - Trone,Daniel W, AU - Crum-Cianflone,Nancy F, Y1 - 2015/07/22/ PY - 2015/7/24/entrez PY - 2015/7/24/pubmed PY - 2016/5/21/medline SP - 298 EP - 306 JF - Journal of traumatic stress JO - J Trauma Stress VL - 28 IS - 4 N2 - Sexual trauma is prevalent among military women, but data on potential effects are needed. The association of sexual trauma with health and occupational outcomes was investigated using longitudinal data from the Millennium Cohort Study. Of 13,001 U.S. service women, 1,364 (10.5%) reported recent sexual harassment and 374 (2.9%) recent sexual assault. Women reporting recent sexual harassment or assault were more likely to report poorer mental health: OR = 1.96, 95% CI [1.71, 2.25], and OR = 3.45, 95% CI [2.67, 4.44], respectively. They reported poorer physical health: OR = 1.39, 95% CI [1.20, 1.62], and OR = 1.39, 95% CI [1.04, 1.85], respectively. They reported difficulties in work/activities due to emotional health: OR = 1.80, 95% CI [1.59, 2.04], and OR = 2.70, 95% CI [2.12, 3.44], respectively. They also reported difficulties with physical health: OR = 1.55, 95% CI [1.37, 1.75], and OR = 1.52 95% CI [1.20, 1.91], respectively, after adjustment for demographic, military, health, and prior sexual trauma characteristics. Recent sexual harassment was associated with demotion, OR = 1.47, 95% CI [1.12, 1.93]. Findings demonstrated that sexual trauma represents a potential threat to military operational readiness and draws attention to the importance of prevention strategies and services to reduce the burden of sexual trauma on military victims. SN - 1573-6598 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26201507/Recent_Sexual_Trauma_and_Adverse_Health_and_Occupational_Outcomes_Among_U_S__Service_Women_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/jts.22028 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -