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Pressure on Sports Medicine Clinicians to Prematurely Return Collegiate Athletes to Play After Concussion.

Abstract

CONTEXT

Anecdotal and qualitative evidence has suggested that some clinicians face pressure from coaches and other personnel in the athletic environment to prematurely return athletes to participation after a concussion. This type of pressure potentially can result in compromised patient care.

OBJECTIVE

To quantify the extent to which clinicians in the collegiate sports medicine environment experience pressure when caring for concussed athletes and whether this pressure varies by the supervisory structure of the institution's sports medicine department, the clinician's sex, and other factors.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional study.

SETTING

Web-based survey of National College Athletic Association member institutions.

PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS

A total of 789 athletic trainers and 111 team physicians from 530 institutions.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S)

We asked participants whether they had experienced pressure from 3 stakeholder populations (other clinicians, coaches, athletes) to prematurely return athletes to participation after a concussion. Modifying variables that we assessed were the position (athletic trainer, physician) and sex of the clinicians, the supervisory structure of their institutions' sports medicine departments, and the division of competition in which their institutions participate.

RESULTS

We observed that 64.4% (n = 580) of responding clinicians reported having experienced pressure from athletes to prematurely clear them to return to participation after a concussion, and 53.7% (n = 483) reported having experienced this pressure from coaches. Only 6.6% (n = 59) reported having experienced pressure from other clinicians to prematurely clear an athlete to return to participation after a concussion. Clinicians reported greater pressure from coaches when their departments were under the supervisory purview of the athletic department rather than a medical institution. Female clinicians reported greater pressure from coaches than male clinicians did.

CONCLUSIONS

Most clinicians reported experiencing pressure to prematurely return athletes to participation after a concussion. Identifying factors that are associated with variability in pressure on clinicians during concussion recovery can inform potential future strategies to reduce these pressures.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA. Sport Science Institute, National Collegiate Athletic Association, Indianapolis, IN. Edmond J. Safra Center for Ethics, Harvard University, Boston, MA.

    ,

    Edmond J. Safra Center for Ethics, Harvard University, Boston, MA. Interfaculty Initiative in Health Policy, Harvard University, Boston, MA. Division of Sports Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, MA.

    ,

    Center for the Study of Traumatic Encephalopathy, Boston University School of Medicine, MA. Sports Legacy Institute, Boston, MA.

    ,

    Center for the Study of Traumatic Encephalopathy, Boston University School of Medicine, MA. Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Boston University School of Medicine, MA.

    ,

    Sargent College of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, Boston University, MA.

    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA. Division of Adolescent and Young Adult Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, MA. Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA.

    Source

    Journal of athletic training 50:9 2015 Sep pg 944-51

    MeSH

    Adult
    Athletic Injuries
    Attitude of Health Personnel
    Brain Concussion
    Cross-Sectional Studies
    Female
    Forecasting
    Humans
    Interprofessional Relations
    Male
    Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
    Practice Patterns, Physicians'
    Return to Sport
    Sports
    Sports Medicine
    Students
    Surveys and Questionnaires
    Universities

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    26207440

    Citation

    TY - JOUR T1 - Pressure on Sports Medicine Clinicians to Prematurely Return Collegiate Athletes to Play After Concussion. AU - Kroshus,Emily, AU - Baugh,Christine M, AU - Daneshvar,Daniel H, AU - Stamm,Julie M, AU - Laursen,R Mark, AU - Austin,S Bryn, Y1 - 2015/07/24/ PY - 2015/7/25/entrez PY - 2015/7/25/pubmed PY - 2016/5/6/medline KW - college KW - conflict of interest KW - organizational structure KW - sex SP - 944 EP - 51 JF - Journal of athletic training JO - J Athl Train VL - 50 IS - 9 N2 - CONTEXT: Anecdotal and qualitative evidence has suggested that some clinicians face pressure from coaches and other personnel in the athletic environment to prematurely return athletes to participation after a concussion. This type of pressure potentially can result in compromised patient care. OBJECTIVE: To quantify the extent to which clinicians in the collegiate sports medicine environment experience pressure when caring for concussed athletes and whether this pressure varies by the supervisory structure of the institution's sports medicine department, the clinician's sex, and other factors. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Web-based survey of National College Athletic Association member institutions. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: A total of 789 athletic trainers and 111 team physicians from 530 institutions. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): We asked participants whether they had experienced pressure from 3 stakeholder populations (other clinicians, coaches, athletes) to prematurely return athletes to participation after a concussion. Modifying variables that we assessed were the position (athletic trainer, physician) and sex of the clinicians, the supervisory structure of their institutions' sports medicine departments, and the division of competition in which their institutions participate. RESULTS: We observed that 64.4% (n = 580) of responding clinicians reported having experienced pressure from athletes to prematurely clear them to return to participation after a concussion, and 53.7% (n = 483) reported having experienced this pressure from coaches. Only 6.6% (n = 59) reported having experienced pressure from other clinicians to prematurely clear an athlete to return to participation after a concussion. Clinicians reported greater pressure from coaches when their departments were under the supervisory purview of the athletic department rather than a medical institution. Female clinicians reported greater pressure from coaches than male clinicians did. CONCLUSIONS: Most clinicians reported experiencing pressure to prematurely return athletes to participation after a concussion. Identifying factors that are associated with variability in pressure on clinicians during concussion recovery can inform potential future strategies to reduce these pressures. SN - 1938-162X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26207440/Pressure_on_Sports_Medicine_Clinicians_to_Prematurely_Return_Collegiate_Athletes_to_Play_After_Concussion_ L2 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmid/26207440/ ER -