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From numeracy to arithmetic: Precursors of arithmetic performance in children with cerebral palsy from 6 till 8 years of age.
Res Dev Disabil. 2015 Oct-Nov; 45-46:49-57.RD

Abstract

Children with cerebral palsy (CP) are generally delayed in arithmetic compared to their peers. The development of early numeracy performance in children with CP is not yet evident, nor have the factors associated with change over time been identified. Therefore, we examined the development of numeracy in children with CP over a two year period and studied which cognitive factors were predictive of arithmetic performance. A longitudinal study with three measurement waves separated by one year was conducted. 56 children participated (37 boys, M=6.0 years, SD=.58). Standardized tasks were used to assess verbal- and visual-spatial working memory, executive functioning, fine motor skills and early numeracy performance. In addition, experimental tasks were developed to measure counting and arithmetic. The results showed that early numeracy performance of children with CP increased between 6 and 8 years of age. Structural equation modelling showed that early numeracy was strongly related to arithmetic performance at the consecutive year. Working memory, counting and fine motor skills were all positively related to early numeracy performance a year later. Furthermore, working memory and fine motor skills were precursors of the development of early numeracy. Considering the importance of numeracy and arithmetic in daily life and in academic and work success, children with CP could substantially benefit from intervention programs aimed at increasing working memory and early numeracy performance.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of Groningen, GION, Grote Rozenstraat 3, 9712 TG Groningen, The Netherlands; Radboud University Nijmegen, Behavioural Science Institute, Montessorilaan 3, 6525 HR Nijmegen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: m.vanrooijen@pwo.ru.nl.Radboud University Nijmegen, Behavioural Science Institute, Montessorilaan 3, 6525 HR Nijmegen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: l.verhoeven@pwo.ru.nl.Radboud University Nijmegen, Behavioural Science Institute, Montessorilaan 3, 6525 HR Nijmegen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: b.steenbergen@pwo.ru.nl.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26209773

Citation

Van Rooijen, M, et al. "From Numeracy to Arithmetic: Precursors of Arithmetic Performance in Children With Cerebral Palsy From 6 Till 8 Years of Age." Research in Developmental Disabilities, vol. 45-46, 2015, pp. 49-57.
Van Rooijen M, Verhoeven L, Steenbergen B. From numeracy to arithmetic: Precursors of arithmetic performance in children with cerebral palsy from 6 till 8 years of age. Res Dev Disabil. 2015;45-46:49-57.
Van Rooijen, M., Verhoeven, L., & Steenbergen, B. (2015). From numeracy to arithmetic: Precursors of arithmetic performance in children with cerebral palsy from 6 till 8 years of age. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 45-46, 49-57. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2015.07.001
Van Rooijen M, Verhoeven L, Steenbergen B. From Numeracy to Arithmetic: Precursors of Arithmetic Performance in Children With Cerebral Palsy From 6 Till 8 Years of Age. Res Dev Disabil. 2015;45-46:49-57. PubMed PMID: 26209773.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - From numeracy to arithmetic: Precursors of arithmetic performance in children with cerebral palsy from 6 till 8 years of age. AU - Van Rooijen,M, AU - Verhoeven,L, AU - Steenbergen,B, Y1 - 2015/07/24/ PY - 2014/12/04/received PY - 2015/05/22/revised PY - 2015/07/04/accepted PY - 2015/7/26/entrez PY - 2015/7/26/pubmed PY - 2016/8/3/medline KW - Arithmetic KW - Cerebral palsy KW - Early numeracy KW - Fine motor skills KW - Working memory SP - 49 EP - 57 JF - Research in developmental disabilities JO - Res Dev Disabil VL - 45-46 N2 - Children with cerebral palsy (CP) are generally delayed in arithmetic compared to their peers. The development of early numeracy performance in children with CP is not yet evident, nor have the factors associated with change over time been identified. Therefore, we examined the development of numeracy in children with CP over a two year period and studied which cognitive factors were predictive of arithmetic performance. A longitudinal study with three measurement waves separated by one year was conducted. 56 children participated (37 boys, M=6.0 years, SD=.58). Standardized tasks were used to assess verbal- and visual-spatial working memory, executive functioning, fine motor skills and early numeracy performance. In addition, experimental tasks were developed to measure counting and arithmetic. The results showed that early numeracy performance of children with CP increased between 6 and 8 years of age. Structural equation modelling showed that early numeracy was strongly related to arithmetic performance at the consecutive year. Working memory, counting and fine motor skills were all positively related to early numeracy performance a year later. Furthermore, working memory and fine motor skills were precursors of the development of early numeracy. Considering the importance of numeracy and arithmetic in daily life and in academic and work success, children with CP could substantially benefit from intervention programs aimed at increasing working memory and early numeracy performance. SN - 1873-3379 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26209773/From_numeracy_to_arithmetic:_Precursors_of_arithmetic_performance_in_children_with_cerebral_palsy_from_6_till_8_years_of_age_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0891-4222(15)00076-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -