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On the relationship between emotional state and abnormal unfairness sensitivity in alcohol dependence.
Front Psychol. 2015; 6:983.FP

Abstract

Recent empirical findings suggest that alcohol dependence is characterized by heightened sensitivity to unfairness during social transactions. The present study went a step further and aimed to ascertain whether this abnormal level of sensitivity to unfairness is underlined by an increased emotional reactivity. Twenty-six recently abstinent alcohol-dependent (AD) individuals and 32 controls performed an ultimatum game (UG), in which participants had to respond to take-it-or-leave-it offers, ranging from fair to unfair and made by a fictive proposer. Emotional state was recorded during UG offers presentation and was indexed by the amplitude of skin conductance response (SCR). Results showed that AD decided to reject unfair offers more frequently than their controls, confirming previous data. The proportion of rejected unfair UG offers was correlated with SCR, in the AD but not in the control group. This finding suggests that deciding to accept or reject unfair UG offers is influenced by arousal-affective activity in AD, but not in controls. Heightened emotional reactivity may have driven AD to punish the proposer rather than acting as a rational economic agent. An implication of present findings is that AD might have difficult to cope with unfair situations triggered by social interactions. Future studies are needed in order to examine whether-emotional and behavioral-reactivity to unfairness during the UG could impact alcohol consumption and relapse in AD.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Brain and Creativity Institute, University of Southern California , Los Angeles, CA, USA ; Psychological Medicine Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine, Université Libre de Bruxelles , Brussels, Belgium.Psychological Medicine Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine, Université Libre de Bruxelles , Brussels, Belgium.Psychological Medicine Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine, Université Libre de Bruxelles , Brussels, Belgium.Psychological Medicine Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine, Université Libre de Bruxelles , Brussels, Belgium.Psychological Medicine Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine, Université Libre de Bruxelles , Brussels, Belgium.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26217293

Citation

Brevers, Damien, et al. "On the Relationship Between Emotional State and Abnormal Unfairness Sensitivity in Alcohol Dependence." Frontiers in Psychology, vol. 6, 2015, p. 983.
Brevers D, Noël X, Hanak C, et al. On the relationship between emotional state and abnormal unfairness sensitivity in alcohol dependence. Front Psychol. 2015;6:983.
Brevers, D., Noël, X., Hanak, C., Verbanck, P., & Kornreich, C. (2015). On the relationship between emotional state and abnormal unfairness sensitivity in alcohol dependence. Frontiers in Psychology, 6, 983. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00983
Brevers D, et al. On the Relationship Between Emotional State and Abnormal Unfairness Sensitivity in Alcohol Dependence. Front Psychol. 2015;6:983. PubMed PMID: 26217293.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - On the relationship between emotional state and abnormal unfairness sensitivity in alcohol dependence. AU - Brevers,Damien, AU - Noël,Xavier, AU - Hanak,Catherine, AU - Verbanck,Paul, AU - Kornreich,Charles, Y1 - 2015/07/09/ PY - 2015/03/16/received PY - 2015/06/29/accepted PY - 2015/7/29/entrez PY - 2015/7/29/pubmed PY - 2015/7/29/medline KW - alcohol dependence KW - electrodermal response KW - social decision-making KW - unfairness SP - 983 EP - 983 JF - Frontiers in psychology JO - Front Psychol VL - 6 N2 - Recent empirical findings suggest that alcohol dependence is characterized by heightened sensitivity to unfairness during social transactions. The present study went a step further and aimed to ascertain whether this abnormal level of sensitivity to unfairness is underlined by an increased emotional reactivity. Twenty-six recently abstinent alcohol-dependent (AD) individuals and 32 controls performed an ultimatum game (UG), in which participants had to respond to take-it-or-leave-it offers, ranging from fair to unfair and made by a fictive proposer. Emotional state was recorded during UG offers presentation and was indexed by the amplitude of skin conductance response (SCR). Results showed that AD decided to reject unfair offers more frequently than their controls, confirming previous data. The proportion of rejected unfair UG offers was correlated with SCR, in the AD but not in the control group. This finding suggests that deciding to accept or reject unfair UG offers is influenced by arousal-affective activity in AD, but not in controls. Heightened emotional reactivity may have driven AD to punish the proposer rather than acting as a rational economic agent. An implication of present findings is that AD might have difficult to cope with unfair situations triggered by social interactions. Future studies are needed in order to examine whether-emotional and behavioral-reactivity to unfairness during the UG could impact alcohol consumption and relapse in AD. SN - 1664-1078 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26217293/On_the_relationship_between_emotional_state_and_abnormal_unfairness_sensitivity_in_alcohol_dependence_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00983 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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