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Lack of guilt, guilt, and shame: a multi-informant study on the relations between self-conscious emotions and psychopathology in clinically referred children and adolescents.
Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2016 Apr; 25(4):383-96.EC

Abstract

The present study examined the relationships between dysregulations in self-conscious emotions and psychopathology in clinically referred children and adolescents. For this purpose, parent-, teacher-, and self-report Achenbach System of Empirically Based Assessment data of 1000 youth aged 4-18 years was analyzed as this instrument not only provides information on the intensity levels of lack of guilt, guilt, and shame, but also on the severity of various types of psychopathology. The results first of all indicated that dysregulations of self-conscious emotions were more common in this clinical sample than in the general population. Further, a consistent pattern was found with regard to the relationships between self-conscious emotions and childhood psychopathology. That is, lack of guilt was predominantly associated with oppositional defiant and conduct (i.e., externalizing) problems, while guilt and shame were primarily linked with affective and anxiety (i.e., internalizing) problems. By and large, these findings confirm what has been found in non-clinical youth, and suggest that self-conscious emotions play a small but significant role in the psychopathology of children and adolescents.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands. peter.muris@maastrichtuniversity.nl. Virenze-RIAGG, Maastricht, The Netherlands. peter.muris@maastrichtuniversity.nl. Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa. peter.muris@maastrichtuniversity.nl. Clinical Psychological Science, Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, P.O. Box 616, 6200 MD, Maastricht, The Netherlands. peter.muris@maastrichtuniversity.nl.Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands.Virenze-RIAGG, Maastricht, The Netherlands.Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands.Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands. Virenze-RIAGG, Maastricht, The Netherlands.Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands.Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands.Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26220659

Citation

Muris, Peter, et al. "Lack of Guilt, Guilt, and Shame: a Multi-informant Study On the Relations Between Self-conscious Emotions and Psychopathology in Clinically Referred Children and Adolescents." European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, vol. 25, no. 4, 2016, pp. 383-96.
Muris P, Meesters C, Heijmans J, et al. Lack of guilt, guilt, and shame: a multi-informant study on the relations between self-conscious emotions and psychopathology in clinically referred children and adolescents. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2016;25(4):383-96.
Muris, P., Meesters, C., Heijmans, J., van Hulten, S., Kaanen, L., Oerlemans, B., Stikkelbroeck, T., & Tielemans, T. (2016). Lack of guilt, guilt, and shame: a multi-informant study on the relations between self-conscious emotions and psychopathology in clinically referred children and adolescents. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 25(4), 383-96. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00787-015-0749-6
Muris P, et al. Lack of Guilt, Guilt, and Shame: a Multi-informant Study On the Relations Between Self-conscious Emotions and Psychopathology in Clinically Referred Children and Adolescents. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2016;25(4):383-96. PubMed PMID: 26220659.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Lack of guilt, guilt, and shame: a multi-informant study on the relations between self-conscious emotions and psychopathology in clinically referred children and adolescents. AU - Muris,Peter, AU - Meesters,Cor, AU - Heijmans,Jolina, AU - van Hulten,Sandra, AU - Kaanen,Linsy, AU - Oerlemans,Birgit, AU - Stikkelbroeck,Tessa, AU - Tielemans,Tim, Y1 - 2015/07/29/ PY - 2015/06/02/received PY - 2015/07/15/accepted PY - 2015/7/30/entrez PY - 2015/7/30/pubmed PY - 2016/12/15/medline KW - Achenbach System of Empirically Based Assessment KW - Children and adolescents KW - Guilt and shame KW - Psychopathology KW - Self-conscious emotions SP - 383 EP - 96 JF - European child & adolescent psychiatry JO - Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry VL - 25 IS - 4 N2 - The present study examined the relationships between dysregulations in self-conscious emotions and psychopathology in clinically referred children and adolescents. For this purpose, parent-, teacher-, and self-report Achenbach System of Empirically Based Assessment data of 1000 youth aged 4-18 years was analyzed as this instrument not only provides information on the intensity levels of lack of guilt, guilt, and shame, but also on the severity of various types of psychopathology. The results first of all indicated that dysregulations of self-conscious emotions were more common in this clinical sample than in the general population. Further, a consistent pattern was found with regard to the relationships between self-conscious emotions and childhood psychopathology. That is, lack of guilt was predominantly associated with oppositional defiant and conduct (i.e., externalizing) problems, while guilt and shame were primarily linked with affective and anxiety (i.e., internalizing) problems. By and large, these findings confirm what has been found in non-clinical youth, and suggest that self-conscious emotions play a small but significant role in the psychopathology of children and adolescents. SN - 1435-165X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26220659/Lack_of_guilt_guilt_and_shame:_a_multi_informant_study_on_the_relations_between_self_conscious_emotions_and_psychopathology_in_clinically_referred_children_and_adolescents_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00787-015-0749-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -