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Five-year Antibody Persistence and Booster Response to a Single Dose of Meningococcal A, C, W and Y Tetanus Toxoid Conjugate Vaccine in Adolescents and Young Adults: An Open, Randomized Trial.
Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2015 Nov; 34(11):1236-43.PI

Abstract

BACKGROUND

We evaluated antibody persistence after 1 dose of meningococcal serogroups ACWY tetanus toxoid (MenACWY-TT) or diphtheria toxoid (MenACWY-DT) conjugate vaccines and subsequent booster responses to MenACWY-TT.

METHODS

In the initial phase II, open, multicenter study (NCT00454909), 872 participants aged 10-25 years received 1 MenACWY-TT or MenACWY-DT dose. In this study (NCT00715910), antibody persistence was evaluated at years 1, 3 and 5 by serum bactericidal activity assays using human complement (hSBA). At year 5, all participants received a MenACWY-TT booster dose. Immune responses at 1-month postbooster were compared with a control group including 101 participants aged 15-30 years who received a primary MenACWY-TT dose. Solicited and unsolicited adverse events were recorded for 4 and 31 days, respectively, followed by a 6-month extended safety follow-up.

RESULTS

At year 5, ≥79.5% of MenACWY-TT-primed (n = 170) and MenACWY-DT-primed (n = 45) participants had hSBA titers ≥1:8 for MenC, MenW and MenY, and ≥37.5% for MenA. For all serogroups, ≥85.7% and ≥67.1% of MenACWY-TT booster and primary dose recipients exhibited vaccine responses 1-month postmvaccination, respectively. Geometric mean titers were potentially higher in primed versus naive participants, with no potential difference between MenACWY-TT-primed and MenACWY-DT-primed participants (exploratory analyses). MenACWY-TT had a clinically acceptable safety profile.

CONCLUSIONS

Before the booster dose administration at year 5, hSBA-MenC, -MenW and -MenY antibody persistence was observed in most participants. However, only ≥37.5% of MenACWY-TT and 44.4% of MenACWY-DT recipients retained hSBA-MenA titers ≥1:8. MenACWY-TT booster doses elicited robust anamnestic responses, irrespective of the priming vaccine, and were well tolerated.

Authors+Show Affiliations

From the *Kaiser Permanente Vaccine Study Center, Oakland, California; †Vaccines Discovery & Development, GSK Vaccines, King of Prussia, Pennsylvania; †Pharma Europe & EMAP, GSK Pharmaceuticals India Ltd, Bangalore, India; and §Clinical R&D, GSK Vaccines, Wavre, Belgium.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial, Phase II
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26237742

Citation

Baxter, Roger, et al. "Five-year Antibody Persistence and Booster Response to a Single Dose of Meningococcal A, C, W and Y Tetanus Toxoid Conjugate Vaccine in Adolescents and Young Adults: an Open, Randomized Trial." The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, vol. 34, no. 11, 2015, pp. 1236-43.
Baxter R, Baine Y, Kolhe D, et al. Five-year Antibody Persistence and Booster Response to a Single Dose of Meningococcal A, C, W and Y Tetanus Toxoid Conjugate Vaccine in Adolescents and Young Adults: An Open, Randomized Trial. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2015;34(11):1236-43.
Baxter, R., Baine, Y., Kolhe, D., Baccarini, C. I., Miller, J. M., & Van der Wielen, M. (2015). Five-year Antibody Persistence and Booster Response to a Single Dose of Meningococcal A, C, W and Y Tetanus Toxoid Conjugate Vaccine in Adolescents and Young Adults: An Open, Randomized Trial. The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, 34(11), 1236-43. https://doi.org/10.1097/INF.0000000000000866
Baxter R, et al. Five-year Antibody Persistence and Booster Response to a Single Dose of Meningococcal A, C, W and Y Tetanus Toxoid Conjugate Vaccine in Adolescents and Young Adults: an Open, Randomized Trial. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2015;34(11):1236-43. PubMed PMID: 26237742.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Five-year Antibody Persistence and Booster Response to a Single Dose of Meningococcal A, C, W and Y Tetanus Toxoid Conjugate Vaccine in Adolescents and Young Adults: An Open, Randomized Trial. AU - Baxter,Roger, AU - Baine,Yaela, AU - Kolhe,Devayani, AU - Baccarini,Carmen I, AU - Miller,Jacqueline M, AU - Van der Wielen,Marie, PY - 2015/8/4/entrez PY - 2015/8/4/pubmed PY - 2016/7/15/medline SP - 1236 EP - 43 JF - The Pediatric infectious disease journal JO - Pediatr Infect Dis J VL - 34 IS - 11 N2 - BACKGROUND: We evaluated antibody persistence after 1 dose of meningococcal serogroups ACWY tetanus toxoid (MenACWY-TT) or diphtheria toxoid (MenACWY-DT) conjugate vaccines and subsequent booster responses to MenACWY-TT. METHODS: In the initial phase II, open, multicenter study (NCT00454909), 872 participants aged 10-25 years received 1 MenACWY-TT or MenACWY-DT dose. In this study (NCT00715910), antibody persistence was evaluated at years 1, 3 and 5 by serum bactericidal activity assays using human complement (hSBA). At year 5, all participants received a MenACWY-TT booster dose. Immune responses at 1-month postbooster were compared with a control group including 101 participants aged 15-30 years who received a primary MenACWY-TT dose. Solicited and unsolicited adverse events were recorded for 4 and 31 days, respectively, followed by a 6-month extended safety follow-up. RESULTS: At year 5, ≥79.5% of MenACWY-TT-primed (n = 170) and MenACWY-DT-primed (n = 45) participants had hSBA titers ≥1:8 for MenC, MenW and MenY, and ≥37.5% for MenA. For all serogroups, ≥85.7% and ≥67.1% of MenACWY-TT booster and primary dose recipients exhibited vaccine responses 1-month postmvaccination, respectively. Geometric mean titers were potentially higher in primed versus naive participants, with no potential difference between MenACWY-TT-primed and MenACWY-DT-primed participants (exploratory analyses). MenACWY-TT had a clinically acceptable safety profile. CONCLUSIONS: Before the booster dose administration at year 5, hSBA-MenC, -MenW and -MenY antibody persistence was observed in most participants. However, only ≥37.5% of MenACWY-TT and 44.4% of MenACWY-DT recipients retained hSBA-MenA titers ≥1:8. MenACWY-TT booster doses elicited robust anamnestic responses, irrespective of the priming vaccine, and were well tolerated. SN - 1532-0987 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26237742/Five_year_Antibody_Persistence_and_Booster_Response_to_a_Single_Dose_of_Meningococcal_A_C_W_and_Y_Tetanus_Toxoid_Conjugate_Vaccine_in_Adolescents_and_Young_Adults:_An_Open_Randomized_Trial_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -