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[Electroacupuncture Intervention Enhances Splenic Natural Killer Cell Activity via Inhibiting Phosphorylation of ERK 5 in the Hypothalamus of Surgically Traumatized Rats].
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu. 2015 Jun; 40(3):173-9.ZC

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on cytotoxic activity of splenic natural killer (NK) cells after surgical trauma via extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) 5 pathway in the rats' hypothalamus, so as to explore its mechanism underlying improving immune disorders after surgery.

METHODS

Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into the following 6 groups: control, trauma model, EA, sham EA, 4 nmol-BIX 02188 (an inhibitor for ERK 5 catalytic activity) and 20 nmol-BIX 02188 (n = 6 rats per group). The surgical trauma model was established by making a longitudinal incision (6 cm in length) along the median line of the back to expose the spinal column and another longitudinal incision along the abdominal median line. EA (2 Hz/15 Hz, 1 - 2 mA) was applied to bilateral "Zusanli" (ST 36) for 30 min immediately after surgery. For rats of the BIX groups, intra-lateral ventricular microinjection of BIX 02188 (10 µL, 4 nmol or 20 nmol, or saline for control rats) was conducted 30 min before the surgery. The expression level and protein of phosphorylated ERK 5 (p-ERK 5) and corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) protein were measured by immunohistochemistry and Western blot, respectively. The cytotoxicity of splenic NK cells and the expression of splenic Perforin and Granzyme-B genes were measured by lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release assay and real-time PCR, respectively.

RESULTS

In comparison with the control group, hypothalamic p-ERK 5 immunoactivity, p-ERK 5 protein and CRF protein expression levels were significantly up-regulated in the model group (P<0. 01, P<0. 05), while splenic NK cell cytotoxicity and Perforin mRNA and Granzyme-B mRNA expression levels were notably down-regulated in the model group (P <0. 05, P < 0. 01). Following EA and administration of ERK 5 antagonist, the increased expression levels of p-ERK 5 immunoactivity in the EA group, and p-ERK 5 and CRF proteins in both EA and 20 nmol-BIX 02188 groups were obviously down-regulated (P<0. 05, P<0. 01), without changes in the sham EA and 4 nmol-BIX 02188 groups (P>0. 05) except the increased p-ERK 5 protein in the 4 nmol-BIX 02188 group. In addition, the down-regulated NK cell activity, Perforin mRNA and Granzyme-B mRNA expression levels were significantly reversed in the EA and 20 nmol-BIX 02188 groups (P<0. 05, P<0. 01). No significant differences were found between the EA group and 20 nmol-BIX 02188 group in down-regulating hypothalamic p-ERK 5 and CRF protein expression and up-regulating splenic NK cytotoxicity and Perforin and Granzyme-B gene expression (P>0. 05).

CONCLUSION

EA can promote the cytotoxicity of splenic NK cells in surgical trauma rats, which may be closely associated with its functions in down-regulating trauma-induced activation of ERK 5 pathway and production of CRF in the hypothalamus.

Authors

No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

chi

PubMed ID

26237966

Citation

Chen, Yan, et al. "[Electroacupuncture Intervention Enhances Splenic Natural Killer Cell Activity Via Inhibiting Phosphorylation of ERK 5 in the Hypothalamus of Surgically Traumatized Rats]." Zhen Ci Yan Jiu = Acupuncture Research, vol. 40, no. 3, 2015, pp. 173-9.
Chen Y, Li J, Zhu KY, et al. [Electroacupuncture Intervention Enhances Splenic Natural Killer Cell Activity via Inhibiting Phosphorylation of ERK 5 in the Hypothalamus of Surgically Traumatized Rats]. Zhen Ci Yan Jiu. 2015;40(3):173-9.
Chen, Y., Li, J., Zhu, K. Y., Xiao, S., Wang, Y. Q., Wu, G. C., & Wang, J. (2015). [Electroacupuncture Intervention Enhances Splenic Natural Killer Cell Activity via Inhibiting Phosphorylation of ERK 5 in the Hypothalamus of Surgically Traumatized Rats]. Zhen Ci Yan Jiu = Acupuncture Research, 40(3), 173-9.
Chen Y, et al. [Electroacupuncture Intervention Enhances Splenic Natural Killer Cell Activity Via Inhibiting Phosphorylation of ERK 5 in the Hypothalamus of Surgically Traumatized Rats]. Zhen Ci Yan Jiu. 2015;40(3):173-9. PubMed PMID: 26237966.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Electroacupuncture Intervention Enhances Splenic Natural Killer Cell Activity via Inhibiting Phosphorylation of ERK 5 in the Hypothalamus of Surgically Traumatized Rats]. AU - Chen,Yan, AU - Li,Jing, AU - Zhu,Ke-ying, AU - Xiao,Sheng, AU - Wang,Yan-qing, AU - Wu,Gen-cheng, AU - Wang,Jun, PY - 2015/8/5/entrez PY - 2015/8/5/pubmed PY - 2015/8/15/medline SP - 173 EP - 9 JF - Zhen ci yan jiu = Acupuncture research JO - Zhen Ci Yan Jiu VL - 40 IS - 3 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on cytotoxic activity of splenic natural killer (NK) cells after surgical trauma via extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) 5 pathway in the rats' hypothalamus, so as to explore its mechanism underlying improving immune disorders after surgery. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into the following 6 groups: control, trauma model, EA, sham EA, 4 nmol-BIX 02188 (an inhibitor for ERK 5 catalytic activity) and 20 nmol-BIX 02188 (n = 6 rats per group). The surgical trauma model was established by making a longitudinal incision (6 cm in length) along the median line of the back to expose the spinal column and another longitudinal incision along the abdominal median line. EA (2 Hz/15 Hz, 1 - 2 mA) was applied to bilateral "Zusanli" (ST 36) for 30 min immediately after surgery. For rats of the BIX groups, intra-lateral ventricular microinjection of BIX 02188 (10 µL, 4 nmol or 20 nmol, or saline for control rats) was conducted 30 min before the surgery. The expression level and protein of phosphorylated ERK 5 (p-ERK 5) and corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) protein were measured by immunohistochemistry and Western blot, respectively. The cytotoxicity of splenic NK cells and the expression of splenic Perforin and Granzyme-B genes were measured by lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release assay and real-time PCR, respectively. RESULTS: In comparison with the control group, hypothalamic p-ERK 5 immunoactivity, p-ERK 5 protein and CRF protein expression levels were significantly up-regulated in the model group (P<0. 01, P<0. 05), while splenic NK cell cytotoxicity and Perforin mRNA and Granzyme-B mRNA expression levels were notably down-regulated in the model group (P <0. 05, P < 0. 01). Following EA and administration of ERK 5 antagonist, the increased expression levels of p-ERK 5 immunoactivity in the EA group, and p-ERK 5 and CRF proteins in both EA and 20 nmol-BIX 02188 groups were obviously down-regulated (P<0. 05, P<0. 01), without changes in the sham EA and 4 nmol-BIX 02188 groups (P>0. 05) except the increased p-ERK 5 protein in the 4 nmol-BIX 02188 group. In addition, the down-regulated NK cell activity, Perforin mRNA and Granzyme-B mRNA expression levels were significantly reversed in the EA and 20 nmol-BIX 02188 groups (P<0. 05, P<0. 01). No significant differences were found between the EA group and 20 nmol-BIX 02188 group in down-regulating hypothalamic p-ERK 5 and CRF protein expression and up-regulating splenic NK cytotoxicity and Perforin and Granzyme-B gene expression (P>0. 05). CONCLUSION: EA can promote the cytotoxicity of splenic NK cells in surgical trauma rats, which may be closely associated with its functions in down-regulating trauma-induced activation of ERK 5 pathway and production of CRF in the hypothalamus. SN - 1000-0607 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26237966/[Electroacupuncture_Intervention_Enhances_Splenic_Natural_Killer_Cell_Activity_via_Inhibiting_Phosphorylation_of_ERK_5_in_the_Hypothalamus_of_Surgically_Traumatized_Rats]_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/woundsandinjuries.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -