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Momordica cochinchinensis Spreng. seed extract suppresses breast cancer growth by inducing cell cycle arrest and apoptosis.
Mol Med Rep. 2015 Oct; 12(4):6300-10.MM

Abstract

The herb Momordica cochinchinensis has been used for a variety of purposes, and been shown to have anti‑cancer properties. The present study assessed the potency and the underlying mechanisms of action of the ethyl acetate extract of seeds of Momordica cochinchinensis (ESMC2) on breast cancer cells. Therefore, the effects of ESMC2 on the cell viability, cell cycle and apoptosis of MDA‑MB‑231 cells were investigated. The results showed that ESMC2 exerted a marked growth inhibitory effect on the cells. Cell cycle arrest in G2 phase following treatment with ESMC2 was associated with a marked increase in the protein levels of cyclin B1, cyclin E and cyclin-dependent kinase 1 and a decrease in cyclin D1 expression. In addition, ESMC2 dose‑dependently induced cell apoptosis, which was mediated via upregulation of the apoptosis-associated proteins p53, B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl‑2)‑associated X protein, Bcl-2 homologous antagonist killer and Bcl-2-associated death promoter expression, as well as downregulation of nuclear factor kappa B, Bcl‑2 and myeloid cell leukemia‑1. Furthermore, the activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2, p38, c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and Akt phosphorylation were decreased by ESMC2 in a dose‑dependent manner, indicating that ESMC2 exerted its effects via the mitogen-activated protein kinase/JNK pathway. Furthermore, nude mouse xenotransplant models were used to evaluate the tumor growth inhibitory effects of ESMC2. The possible chemical components of ESMC2 were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, and 12 compounds were detected from the major peaks based on the similarity index with entries of a compound database. The results of the present study may aid in the development of novel therapies for breast cancer.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Pharmacy, Health Science Center, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710061, P.R. China.School of Pharmacy, Health Science Center, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710061, P.R. China.School of Pharmacy, Health Science Center, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710061, P.R. China.School of Pharmacy, Health Science Center, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710061, P.R. China.School of Pharmacy, Health Science Center, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710061, P.R. China.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26252798

Citation

Zheng, Lei, et al. "Momordica Cochinchinensis Spreng. Seed Extract Suppresses Breast Cancer Growth By Inducing Cell Cycle Arrest and Apoptosis." Molecular Medicine Reports, vol. 12, no. 4, 2015, pp. 6300-10.
Zheng L, Zhang Y, Liu Y, et al. Momordica cochinchinensis Spreng. seed extract suppresses breast cancer growth by inducing cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Mol Med Rep. 2015;12(4):6300-10.
Zheng, L., Zhang, Y., Liu, Y., Yang, X. O., & Zhan, Y. (2015). Momordica cochinchinensis Spreng. seed extract suppresses breast cancer growth by inducing cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Molecular Medicine Reports, 12(4), 6300-10. https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2015.4186
Zheng L, et al. Momordica Cochinchinensis Spreng. Seed Extract Suppresses Breast Cancer Growth By Inducing Cell Cycle Arrest and Apoptosis. Mol Med Rep. 2015;12(4):6300-10. PubMed PMID: 26252798.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Momordica cochinchinensis Spreng. seed extract suppresses breast cancer growth by inducing cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. AU - Zheng,Lei, AU - Zhang,Yanmin, AU - Liu,Yanping, AU - Yang,Xiaoyan Ou, AU - Zhan,Yingzhuan, Y1 - 2015/08/05/ PY - 2014/09/15/received PY - 2015/06/05/accepted PY - 2015/8/8/entrez PY - 2015/8/8/pubmed PY - 2016/7/22/medline SP - 6300 EP - 10 JF - Molecular medicine reports JO - Mol Med Rep VL - 12 IS - 4 N2 - The herb Momordica cochinchinensis has been used for a variety of purposes, and been shown to have anti‑cancer properties. The present study assessed the potency and the underlying mechanisms of action of the ethyl acetate extract of seeds of Momordica cochinchinensis (ESMC2) on breast cancer cells. Therefore, the effects of ESMC2 on the cell viability, cell cycle and apoptosis of MDA‑MB‑231 cells were investigated. The results showed that ESMC2 exerted a marked growth inhibitory effect on the cells. Cell cycle arrest in G2 phase following treatment with ESMC2 was associated with a marked increase in the protein levels of cyclin B1, cyclin E and cyclin-dependent kinase 1 and a decrease in cyclin D1 expression. In addition, ESMC2 dose‑dependently induced cell apoptosis, which was mediated via upregulation of the apoptosis-associated proteins p53, B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl‑2)‑associated X protein, Bcl-2 homologous antagonist killer and Bcl-2-associated death promoter expression, as well as downregulation of nuclear factor kappa B, Bcl‑2 and myeloid cell leukemia‑1. Furthermore, the activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2, p38, c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and Akt phosphorylation were decreased by ESMC2 in a dose‑dependent manner, indicating that ESMC2 exerted its effects via the mitogen-activated protein kinase/JNK pathway. Furthermore, nude mouse xenotransplant models were used to evaluate the tumor growth inhibitory effects of ESMC2. The possible chemical components of ESMC2 were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, and 12 compounds were detected from the major peaks based on the similarity index with entries of a compound database. The results of the present study may aid in the development of novel therapies for breast cancer. SN - 1791-3004 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26252798/Momordica_cochinchinensis_Spreng__seed_extract_suppresses_breast_cancer_growth_by_inducing_cell_cycle_arrest_and_apoptosis_ L2 - http://www.spandidos-publications.com/mmr/12/4/6300 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -