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Enabling resources in people with dementia: a qualitative study about nurses' strategies that may support a sense of coherence in people with dementia.
J Clin Nurs. 2015 Nov; 24(21-22):3129-37.JC

Abstract

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES

To explore nurses' strategies that may support the sense of coherence in people with dementia.

BACKGROUND

People with dementia are often described as people with no resources, people who need support from family or from healthcare personnel to function in everyday life. Despite the disease, some people still have the resources needed to cope well with parts of their lives and experience coherence. To date, no research has explored any nurses' strategies that may support the sense of coherence in people with dementia.

DESIGN

The design of the study is qualitative and exploratory.

METHODS

Data were collected by participant observation and focus group interviews. Sixteen registered nurses from two different Norwegian nursing homes were recruited and participated in the study. Qualitative content analysis was used to analyse the data.

RESULTS

The empirical material consisted of field notes from participant observation and transcripts from focus group interviews. Three generic categories were identified as strategies that may support sense of coherence in people with dementia: 'Finding and nurturing the individual's resources', 'Customising meaningful activities' and 'Finding creative solutions'. These categories were identified as strategies that may support and possibly enhance the sense of coherence in people with dementia.

CONCLUSIONS

The findings provide an empirical base for assuming that with support and help from nurses, people with dementia may experience and strengthen their sense of coherence, therefore, the nurses need to be aware of the activities that may support and possibly enhance the sense of coherence in people with dementia.

RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE

Despite the contextual limitations, this study highlights the need to identify and nurture resources in people with dementia, thus supporting their sense of coherence. The findings may contribute in enhancing the quality of care for people with dementia.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nursing and Health Promotion, Oslo & Akershus University College, Oslo, Norway. Department of Health and Nursing Science, University of Agder, Grimstad, Norway.Department of Health Studies, Telemark University College, Porsgrunn, Norway.Department of Health and Nursing Science, University of Agder, Grimstad, Norway.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26255782

Citation

Lillekroken, Daniela, et al. "Enabling Resources in People With Dementia: a Qualitative Study About Nurses' Strategies That May Support a Sense of Coherence in People With Dementia." Journal of Clinical Nursing, vol. 24, no. 21-22, 2015, pp. 3129-37.
Lillekroken D, Hauge S, Slettebø Å. Enabling resources in people with dementia: a qualitative study about nurses' strategies that may support a sense of coherence in people with dementia. J Clin Nurs. 2015;24(21-22):3129-37.
Lillekroken, D., Hauge, S., & Slettebø, Å. (2015). Enabling resources in people with dementia: a qualitative study about nurses' strategies that may support a sense of coherence in people with dementia. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 24(21-22), 3129-37. https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.12945
Lillekroken D, Hauge S, Slettebø Å. Enabling Resources in People With Dementia: a Qualitative Study About Nurses' Strategies That May Support a Sense of Coherence in People With Dementia. J Clin Nurs. 2015;24(21-22):3129-37. PubMed PMID: 26255782.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Enabling resources in people with dementia: a qualitative study about nurses' strategies that may support a sense of coherence in people with dementia. AU - Lillekroken,Daniela, AU - Hauge,Solveig, AU - Slettebø,Åshild, Y1 - 2015/08/09/ PY - 2015/05/31/accepted PY - 2015/8/11/entrez PY - 2015/8/11/pubmed PY - 2016/6/16/medline KW - dementia KW - focus group KW - nursing home KW - observation KW - qualitative research KW - sense of coherence SP - 3129 EP - 37 JF - Journal of clinical nursing JO - J Clin Nurs VL - 24 IS - 21-22 N2 - AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore nurses' strategies that may support the sense of coherence in people with dementia. BACKGROUND: People with dementia are often described as people with no resources, people who need support from family or from healthcare personnel to function in everyday life. Despite the disease, some people still have the resources needed to cope well with parts of their lives and experience coherence. To date, no research has explored any nurses' strategies that may support the sense of coherence in people with dementia. DESIGN: The design of the study is qualitative and exploratory. METHODS: Data were collected by participant observation and focus group interviews. Sixteen registered nurses from two different Norwegian nursing homes were recruited and participated in the study. Qualitative content analysis was used to analyse the data. RESULTS: The empirical material consisted of field notes from participant observation and transcripts from focus group interviews. Three generic categories were identified as strategies that may support sense of coherence in people with dementia: 'Finding and nurturing the individual's resources', 'Customising meaningful activities' and 'Finding creative solutions'. These categories were identified as strategies that may support and possibly enhance the sense of coherence in people with dementia. CONCLUSIONS: The findings provide an empirical base for assuming that with support and help from nurses, people with dementia may experience and strengthen their sense of coherence, therefore, the nurses need to be aware of the activities that may support and possibly enhance the sense of coherence in people with dementia. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: Despite the contextual limitations, this study highlights the need to identify and nurture resources in people with dementia, thus supporting their sense of coherence. The findings may contribute in enhancing the quality of care for people with dementia. SN - 1365-2702 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26255782/Enabling_resources_in_people_with_dementia:_a_qualitative_study_about_nurses'_strategies_that_may_support_a_sense_of_coherence_in_people_with_dementia_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.12945 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -