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Sensory processing in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Relationship with non-verbal IQ, autism severity and Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder symptomatology.
Res Dev Disabil. 2015 Oct-Nov; 45-46:188-201.RD

Abstract

The main objective of this study was to analyze in a sample of children with ASD the relationship between sensory processing, social participation and praxis impairments and some of the child's characteristics, such as non-verbal IQ, severity of ASD symptoms and the number of ADHD symptoms (inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity), both in the home and main-classroom environments. Participants were the parents and teachers of 41 children with ASD from 5 to 8 years old (M=6.09). They completed the Sensory Processing Measure (SPM) to evaluate sensory processing, social participation and praxis; the Gilliam Autism Rating Scale (GARS-2) to evaluate autism severity; and a set of items (the DSM-IV-TR criteria) to evaluate the number of inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity symptoms in the child. Non-verbal IQ - measured by the Raven's Coloured Progressive Matrices Test - did not show a relationship with any of the SPM variables. The SPM variables were significant predictors of autism severity and had similar weights in the two environments. In the case of ADHD symptoms, the SPM variables had a greater weight in the home than in the classroom environment, and they were significant predictors of both inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity - especially inattention - only in the family context. The moderate association between inattention and auditory processing found in the main-classroom suggests the possible utility of certain measures aimed to simplify any classroom's acoustic environment.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Teaching and Scholastic Organization Department, Faculty of Philosophy and Educational Sciences, University of Valencia, Av. Tarongers, s/n, 46022 Valencia, Spain. Electronic address: pilar.sanz-cervera@uv.es.Basic Psychology Department, Faculty of Psychology, University of Valencia, Av. Blasco Ibáñez, 21, 46010 Valencia, Spain. Electronic address: gemma.pastor@uv.es.Developmental and Educational Psychology Department, Faculty of Psychology, University of Valencia, Av. Blasco Ibáñez, 21, 46010 Valencia, Spain. Electronic address: m.inmaculada.fernandez@uv.es.Teaching and Scholastic Organization Department, Faculty of Philosophy and Educational Sciences, University of Valencia, Av. Tarongers, s/n, 46022 Valencia, Spain. Electronic address: raul.tarraga@uv.es.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26263405

Citation

Sanz-Cervera, Pilar, et al. "Sensory Processing in Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder: Relationship With Non-verbal IQ, Autism Severity and Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Symptomatology." Research in Developmental Disabilities, vol. 45-46, 2015, pp. 188-201.
Sanz-Cervera P, Pastor-Cerezuela G, Fernández-Andrés MI, et al. Sensory processing in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Relationship with non-verbal IQ, autism severity and Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder symptomatology. Res Dev Disabil. 2015;45-46:188-201.
Sanz-Cervera, P., Pastor-Cerezuela, G., Fernández-Andrés, M. I., & Tárraga-Mínguez, R. (2015). Sensory processing in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Relationship with non-verbal IQ, autism severity and Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder symptomatology. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 45-46, 188-201. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2015.07.031
Sanz-Cervera P, et al. Sensory Processing in Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder: Relationship With Non-verbal IQ, Autism Severity and Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Symptomatology. Res Dev Disabil. 2015 Oct-Nov;45-46:188-201. PubMed PMID: 26263405.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Sensory processing in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Relationship with non-verbal IQ, autism severity and Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder symptomatology. AU - Sanz-Cervera,Pilar, AU - Pastor-Cerezuela,Gemma, AU - Fernández-Andrés,Maria-Inmaculada, AU - Tárraga-Mínguez,Raul, Y1 - 2015/08/08/ PY - 2015/01/14/received PY - 2015/07/28/revised PY - 2015/07/29/accepted PY - 2015/8/12/entrez PY - 2015/8/12/pubmed PY - 2016/8/3/medline KW - Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) symptoms KW - Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) KW - Environment KW - Non-verbal IQ KW - Sensory Processing Measure (SPM) KW - Sensory processing SP - 188 EP - 201 JF - Research in developmental disabilities JO - Res Dev Disabil VL - 45-46 N2 - The main objective of this study was to analyze in a sample of children with ASD the relationship between sensory processing, social participation and praxis impairments and some of the child's characteristics, such as non-verbal IQ, severity of ASD symptoms and the number of ADHD symptoms (inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity), both in the home and main-classroom environments. Participants were the parents and teachers of 41 children with ASD from 5 to 8 years old (M=6.09). They completed the Sensory Processing Measure (SPM) to evaluate sensory processing, social participation and praxis; the Gilliam Autism Rating Scale (GARS-2) to evaluate autism severity; and a set of items (the DSM-IV-TR criteria) to evaluate the number of inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity symptoms in the child. Non-verbal IQ - measured by the Raven's Coloured Progressive Matrices Test - did not show a relationship with any of the SPM variables. The SPM variables were significant predictors of autism severity and had similar weights in the two environments. In the case of ADHD symptoms, the SPM variables had a greater weight in the home than in the classroom environment, and they were significant predictors of both inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity - especially inattention - only in the family context. The moderate association between inattention and auditory processing found in the main-classroom suggests the possible utility of certain measures aimed to simplify any classroom's acoustic environment. SN - 1873-3379 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26263405/Sensory_processing_in_children_with_Autism_Spectrum_Disorder:_Relationship_with_non_verbal_IQ_autism_severity_and_Attention_Deficit/Hyperactivity_Disorder_symptomatology_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0891-4222(15)00117-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -