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Toddlers with Early Behavioral Problems at Higher Family Demographic Risk Benefit the Most from Maternal Emotion Talk.
J Dev Behav Pediatr. 2015 Sep; 36(7):512-20.JD

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To test the hypothesis that toddlers at highest risk for behavioral problems from the most economically vulnerable families will benefit most from maternal talk about emotions.

METHODS

This study included 89 toddlers and mothers from low-income families. Behavioral problems were rated at 2 time points by masters-level trained Early Head Start home visiting specialists. Maternal emotion talk was coded from a wordless book-sharing task. Coding focused on mothers' emotion bridging, which included labeling emotions, explaining the context of emotions, noting the behavioral cues of emotions, and linking emotions to toddlers' own experiences. Maternal demographic risk reflected a composite score of 5 risk factors.

RESULTS

A significant 3-way interaction between Time 1 toddler behavior problems, maternal emotion talk, and maternal demographic risk (p = .001) and examination of slope difference tests revealed that when maternal demographic risk was greater, more maternal emotion talk buffered associations between earlier and later behavior problems. Greater demographic risk and lower maternal emotion talk intensified Time 1 behavior problems as a predictor of Time 2 behavior problems. The model explained 54% of the variance in toddlers' Time 2 behavior problems. Analyses controlled for maternal warmth to better examine the unique contributions of emotion bridging to toddlers' behaviors.

CONCLUSION

Toddlers at highest risk, those with more early behavioral problems from higher demographic-risk families, benefit the most from mothers' emotion talk. Informing parents about the use of emotion talk may be a cost-effective, simple strategy to support at-risk toddlers' social-emotional development and reduce behavioral problems.

Authors+Show Affiliations

*Department of Human Development and Family Studies, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI; †Department of Education, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI; ‡Department of Psychology, Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, MI.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26263418

Citation

Brophy-Herb, Holly E., et al. "Toddlers With Early Behavioral Problems at Higher Family Demographic Risk Benefit the Most From Maternal Emotion Talk." Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics : JDBP, vol. 36, no. 7, 2015, pp. 512-20.
Brophy-Herb HE, Bocknek EL, Vallotton CD, et al. Toddlers with Early Behavioral Problems at Higher Family Demographic Risk Benefit the Most from Maternal Emotion Talk. J Dev Behav Pediatr. 2015;36(7):512-20.
Brophy-Herb, H. E., Bocknek, E. L., Vallotton, C. D., Stansbury, K. E., Senehi, N., Dalimonte-Merckling, D., & Lee, Y. E. (2015). Toddlers with Early Behavioral Problems at Higher Family Demographic Risk Benefit the Most from Maternal Emotion Talk. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics : JDBP, 36(7), 512-20. https://doi.org/10.1097/DBP.0000000000000196
Brophy-Herb HE, et al. Toddlers With Early Behavioral Problems at Higher Family Demographic Risk Benefit the Most From Maternal Emotion Talk. J Dev Behav Pediatr. 2015;36(7):512-20. PubMed PMID: 26263418.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Toddlers with Early Behavioral Problems at Higher Family Demographic Risk Benefit the Most from Maternal Emotion Talk. AU - Brophy-Herb,Holly E, AU - Bocknek,Erika London, AU - Vallotton,Claire D, AU - Stansbury,Kathy E, AU - Senehi,Neda, AU - Dalimonte-Merckling,Danielle, AU - Lee,Young-Eun, PY - 2015/8/12/entrez PY - 2015/8/12/pubmed PY - 2016/6/18/medline SP - 512 EP - 20 JF - Journal of developmental and behavioral pediatrics : JDBP JO - J Dev Behav Pediatr VL - 36 IS - 7 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that toddlers at highest risk for behavioral problems from the most economically vulnerable families will benefit most from maternal talk about emotions. METHODS: This study included 89 toddlers and mothers from low-income families. Behavioral problems were rated at 2 time points by masters-level trained Early Head Start home visiting specialists. Maternal emotion talk was coded from a wordless book-sharing task. Coding focused on mothers' emotion bridging, which included labeling emotions, explaining the context of emotions, noting the behavioral cues of emotions, and linking emotions to toddlers' own experiences. Maternal demographic risk reflected a composite score of 5 risk factors. RESULTS: A significant 3-way interaction between Time 1 toddler behavior problems, maternal emotion talk, and maternal demographic risk (p = .001) and examination of slope difference tests revealed that when maternal demographic risk was greater, more maternal emotion talk buffered associations between earlier and later behavior problems. Greater demographic risk and lower maternal emotion talk intensified Time 1 behavior problems as a predictor of Time 2 behavior problems. The model explained 54% of the variance in toddlers' Time 2 behavior problems. Analyses controlled for maternal warmth to better examine the unique contributions of emotion bridging to toddlers' behaviors. CONCLUSION: Toddlers at highest risk, those with more early behavioral problems from higher demographic-risk families, benefit the most from mothers' emotion talk. Informing parents about the use of emotion talk may be a cost-effective, simple strategy to support at-risk toddlers' social-emotional development and reduce behavioral problems. SN - 1536-7312 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26263418/Toddlers_with_Early_Behavioral_Problems_at_Higher_Family_Demographic_Risk_Benefit_the_Most_from_Maternal_Emotion_Talk_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -