Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Hypnosis Treatment of Gastrointestinal Disorders: A Comprehensive Review of the Empirical Evidence.
Am J Clin Hypn. 2015 Oct; 58(2):134-58.AJ

Abstract

Hypnotherapy has been investigated for 30 years as a treatment for gastrointestinal (GI) disorders. There are presently 35 studies in the published empirical literature, including 17 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that have assessed clinical outcomes of such treatment. This body of research is reviewed comprehensively in this article. Twenty-four of the studies have tested hypnotherapy for adult irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and 5 have focused on IBS or abdominal pain in children. All IBS hypnotherapy studies have reported significant improvement in gastrointestinal symptoms, and 7 out of 10 RCTs in adults and all 3 RCTs in pediatric patient samples found superior outcomes for hypnosis compared to control groups. Collectively this body of research shows unequivocally that for both adults and children with IBS, hypnosis treatment is highly efficacious in reducing bowel symptoms and can offer lasting and substantial symptom relief for a large proportion of patients who do not respond adequately to usual medical treatment approaches. For other GI disorders the evidence is more limited, but preliminary indications of therapeutic potential can be seen in the single randomized controlled trials published to date on hypnotherapy for functional dyspepsia, functional chest pain, and ulcerative colitis. Further controlled hypnotherapy trials in those three disorders should be a high priority. The mechanisms underlying the impact of hypnosis on GI problems are still unclear, but findings from a number of studies suggest that they involve both modulation of gut functioning and changes in the brain's handling of sensory signals from the GI tract.

Authors+Show Affiliations

a University of North Carolina , Chapel Hill , USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26264539

Citation

Palsson, Olafur S.. "Hypnosis Treatment of Gastrointestinal Disorders: a Comprehensive Review of the Empirical Evidence." The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, vol. 58, no. 2, 2015, pp. 134-58.
Palsson OS. Hypnosis Treatment of Gastrointestinal Disorders: A Comprehensive Review of the Empirical Evidence. Am J Clin Hypn. 2015;58(2):134-58.
Palsson, O. S. (2015). Hypnosis Treatment of Gastrointestinal Disorders: A Comprehensive Review of the Empirical Evidence. The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 58(2), 134-58. https://doi.org/10.1080/00029157.2015.1039114
Palsson OS. Hypnosis Treatment of Gastrointestinal Disorders: a Comprehensive Review of the Empirical Evidence. Am J Clin Hypn. 2015;58(2):134-58. PubMed PMID: 26264539.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Hypnosis Treatment of Gastrointestinal Disorders: A Comprehensive Review of the Empirical Evidence. A1 - Palsson,Olafur S, PY - 2015/8/13/entrez PY - 2015/8/13/pubmed PY - 2016/5/4/medline KW - Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) KW - abdominal pain KW - gastrointestinal KW - hypnosis KW - hypnotherapy SP - 134 EP - 58 JF - The American journal of clinical hypnosis JO - Am J Clin Hypn VL - 58 IS - 2 N2 - Hypnotherapy has been investigated for 30 years as a treatment for gastrointestinal (GI) disorders. There are presently 35 studies in the published empirical literature, including 17 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that have assessed clinical outcomes of such treatment. This body of research is reviewed comprehensively in this article. Twenty-four of the studies have tested hypnotherapy for adult irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and 5 have focused on IBS or abdominal pain in children. All IBS hypnotherapy studies have reported significant improvement in gastrointestinal symptoms, and 7 out of 10 RCTs in adults and all 3 RCTs in pediatric patient samples found superior outcomes for hypnosis compared to control groups. Collectively this body of research shows unequivocally that for both adults and children with IBS, hypnosis treatment is highly efficacious in reducing bowel symptoms and can offer lasting and substantial symptom relief for a large proportion of patients who do not respond adequately to usual medical treatment approaches. For other GI disorders the evidence is more limited, but preliminary indications of therapeutic potential can be seen in the single randomized controlled trials published to date on hypnotherapy for functional dyspepsia, functional chest pain, and ulcerative colitis. Further controlled hypnotherapy trials in those three disorders should be a high priority. The mechanisms underlying the impact of hypnosis on GI problems are still unclear, but findings from a number of studies suggest that they involve both modulation of gut functioning and changes in the brain's handling of sensory signals from the GI tract. SN - 0002-9157 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26264539/Hypnosis_Treatment_of_Gastrointestinal_Disorders:_A_Comprehensive_Review_of_the_Empirical_Evidence_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00029157.2015.1039114 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -