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Interactive effects of physical activity and APOE-ε4 on white matter tract diffusivity in healthy elders.
Neuroimage 2016; 131:102-12N

Abstract

Older adult apolipoprotein-E epsilon 4 (APOE-ε4) allele carriers vary considerably in the expression of clinical symptoms of Alzheimer's disease (AD), suggesting that lifestyle or other factors may offer protection from AD-related neurodegeneration. We recently reported that physically active APOE-ε4 allele carriers exhibit a stable cognitive trajectory and protection from hippocampal atrophy over 18months compared to sedentary ε4 allele carriers. The aim of this study was to examine the interactions between genetic risk for AD and physical activity (PA) on white matter (WM) tract integrity, using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) MRI, in this cohort of healthy older adults (ages of 65 to 89). Four groups were compared based on the presence or absence of an APOE-ε4 allele (High Risk; Low Risk) and self-reported frequency and intensity of leisure time physical activity (PA) (High PA; Low PA). As predicted, greater levels of PA were associated with greater fractional anisotropy (FA) and lower radial diffusivity in healthy older adults who did not possess the APOE-ε4 allele. However, the effects of PA were reversed in older adults who were at increased genetic risk for AD, resulting in significant interactions between PA and genetic risk in several WM tracts. In the High Risk-Low PA participants, who had exhibited episodic memory decline over the previous 18-months, radial diffusivity was lower and fractional anisotropy was higher, compared to the High Risk-High PA participants. In WM tracts that subserve learning and memory processes, radial diffusivity (DR) was negatively correlated with episodic memory performance in physically inactive APOE-ε4 carriers, whereas DR was positively correlated with episodic memory performance in physically active APOE-ε4 carriers and the two Low Risk groups. The common model of demyelination-induced increase in radial diffusivity cannot directly explain these results. Rather, we hypothesize that PA may protect APOE-ε4 allele carriers from selective neurodegeneration of individual fiber populations at locations of crossing fibers within projection and association WM fiber tracts.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Kinesiology, School of Public Health, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA.Department of Psychology, Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science, 3333 Green Bay Rd, North Chicago, IL 60064, USA; Department of Neurology, Medical College of Wisconsin, 8701 Watertown Plank Road, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA.Department of Neurology, Medical College of Wisconsin, 8701 Watertown Plank Road, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA; Department of Psychology, Marquette University, PO Box 1881, Milwaukee, WI 53201, USA.Department of Psychology, Wayne State University, 5057 Woodward Ave, Detroit, MI 48202, USA.Department of Psychology, Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science, 3333 Green Bay Rd, North Chicago, IL 60064, USA.Department of Neurology, Medical College of Wisconsin, 8701 Watertown Plank Road, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA.Imaging Institute, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Ave/U10, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA.Schey Center for Cognitive Neuroimaging, Neurological Institute, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Ave/U10, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA. Electronic address: raos2@ccf.org.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26265157

Citation

Smith, J Carson, et al. "Interactive Effects of Physical Activity and APOE-ε4 On White Matter Tract Diffusivity in Healthy Elders." NeuroImage, vol. 131, 2016, pp. 102-12.
Smith JC, Lancaster MA, Nielson KA, et al. Interactive effects of physical activity and APOE-ε4 on white matter tract diffusivity in healthy elders. Neuroimage. 2016;131:102-12.
Smith, J. C., Lancaster, M. A., Nielson, K. A., Woodard, J. L., Seidenberg, M., Durgerian, S., ... Rao, S. M. (2016). Interactive effects of physical activity and APOE-ε4 on white matter tract diffusivity in healthy elders. NeuroImage, 131, pp. 102-12. doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2015.08.007.
Smith JC, et al. Interactive Effects of Physical Activity and APOE-ε4 On White Matter Tract Diffusivity in Healthy Elders. Neuroimage. 2016 05 1;131:102-12. PubMed PMID: 26265157.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Interactive effects of physical activity and APOE-ε4 on white matter tract diffusivity in healthy elders. AU - Smith,J Carson, AU - Lancaster,Melissa A, AU - Nielson,Kristy A, AU - Woodard,John L, AU - Seidenberg,Michael, AU - Durgerian,Sally, AU - Sakaie,Ken, AU - Rao,Stephen M, Y1 - 2015/08/08/ PY - 2015/06/17/received PY - 2015/07/24/revised PY - 2015/08/03/accepted PY - 2015/8/13/entrez PY - 2015/8/13/pubmed PY - 2018/1/9/medline KW - Alzheimer's disease KW - Cognitive aging KW - Diffusion tensor imaging KW - Exercise KW - Genetic risk KW - Physical activity KW - Radial diffusivity KW - White matter integrity SP - 102 EP - 12 JF - NeuroImage JO - Neuroimage VL - 131 N2 - Older adult apolipoprotein-E epsilon 4 (APOE-ε4) allele carriers vary considerably in the expression of clinical symptoms of Alzheimer's disease (AD), suggesting that lifestyle or other factors may offer protection from AD-related neurodegeneration. We recently reported that physically active APOE-ε4 allele carriers exhibit a stable cognitive trajectory and protection from hippocampal atrophy over 18months compared to sedentary ε4 allele carriers. The aim of this study was to examine the interactions between genetic risk for AD and physical activity (PA) on white matter (WM) tract integrity, using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) MRI, in this cohort of healthy older adults (ages of 65 to 89). Four groups were compared based on the presence or absence of an APOE-ε4 allele (High Risk; Low Risk) and self-reported frequency and intensity of leisure time physical activity (PA) (High PA; Low PA). As predicted, greater levels of PA were associated with greater fractional anisotropy (FA) and lower radial diffusivity in healthy older adults who did not possess the APOE-ε4 allele. However, the effects of PA were reversed in older adults who were at increased genetic risk for AD, resulting in significant interactions between PA and genetic risk in several WM tracts. In the High Risk-Low PA participants, who had exhibited episodic memory decline over the previous 18-months, radial diffusivity was lower and fractional anisotropy was higher, compared to the High Risk-High PA participants. In WM tracts that subserve learning and memory processes, radial diffusivity (DR) was negatively correlated with episodic memory performance in physically inactive APOE-ε4 carriers, whereas DR was positively correlated with episodic memory performance in physically active APOE-ε4 carriers and the two Low Risk groups. The common model of demyelination-induced increase in radial diffusivity cannot directly explain these results. Rather, we hypothesize that PA may protect APOE-ε4 allele carriers from selective neurodegeneration of individual fiber populations at locations of crossing fibers within projection and association WM fiber tracts. SN - 1095-9572 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26265157/Interactive_effects_of_physical_activity_and_APOE_ε4_on_white_matter_tract_diffusivity_in_healthy_elders_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1053-8119(15)00715-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -