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Retrospective seroepidemiological investigations against Morbillivirus, Toxoplasma gondii and Brucella spp. in cetaceans stranded along the Italian coastline (1998-2014).
Res Vet Sci. 2015 Aug; 101:89-92.RV

Abstract

This study reports the results of seroepidemiological investigations carried out against Morbillivirus, Toxoplasma gondii and Brucella spp. on blood serum samples collected from 70 cetacean specimens found stranded along the Italian coastline between 1998 and 2014. A total number of 23 serum samples (32.8%) obtained from Stenella coeruleoalba, Tursiops truncatus, Balaenoptera physalus and Globicephala melas harboured anti-Morbillivirus neutralizing antibodies. Ten sera (16%) collected from S. coeruleoalba and T. truncatus were found positive against T. gondii, while no antibodies against Brucella spp. were found. These data reveal that stranded cetaceans provide a unique opportunity for monitoring the health status of free-ranging animals living in the Mediterranean Sea, in order to investigate the level of exposure of cetacean populations to selected infectious agents representing a serious threat for aquatic mammals.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of Teramo, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Teramo, Italy.University of Teramo, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Teramo, Italy.University of Teramo, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Teramo, Italy.Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale (IZS) del Piemonte, Liguria e Valle d'Aosta, Italy.IZS del Mezzogiorno, Italy.IZS del Mezzogiorno, Italy.IZS del Mezzogiorno, Italy.University of Teramo, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Teramo, Italy.University of Teramo, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Teramo, Italy.IZS delle Regioni Lazio e Toscana "M. Aleandri", Italy.IZS delle Regioni Lazio e Toscana "M. Aleandri", Italy.IZS delle Regioni Lazio e Toscana "M. Aleandri", Italy.IZS dell'Abruzzo e del Molise "G. Caporale", Italy.IZS dell'Abruzzo e del Molise "G. Caporale", Italy.Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale (IZS) del Piemonte, Liguria e Valle d'Aosta, Italy.Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale (IZS) del Piemonte, Liguria e Valle d'Aosta, Italy.Department of Comparative Biomedicine and Food Science, University of Padova, Legnaro (PD), Italy.Department of Comparative Biomedicine and Food Science, University of Padova, Legnaro (PD), Italy.University of Teramo, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Teramo, Italy. Electronic address: gdiguardo@unite.it.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26267096

Citation

Profeta, Francesca, et al. "Retrospective Seroepidemiological Investigations Against Morbillivirus, Toxoplasma Gondii and Brucella Spp. in Cetaceans Stranded Along the Italian Coastline (1998-2014)." Research in Veterinary Science, vol. 101, 2015, pp. 89-92.
Profeta F, Di Francesco CE, Marsilio F, et al. Retrospective seroepidemiological investigations against Morbillivirus, Toxoplasma gondii and Brucella spp. in cetaceans stranded along the Italian coastline (1998-2014). Res Vet Sci. 2015;101:89-92.
Profeta, F., Di Francesco, C. E., Marsilio, F., Mignone, W., Di Nocera, F., De Carlo, E., Lucifora, G., Pietroluongo, G., Baffoni, M., Cocumelli, C., Eleni, C., Terracciano, G., Ferri, N., Di Francesco, G., Casalone, C., Pautasso, A., Mazzariol, S., Centelleghe, C., & Di Guardo, G. (2015). Retrospective seroepidemiological investigations against Morbillivirus, Toxoplasma gondii and Brucella spp. in cetaceans stranded along the Italian coastline (1998-2014). Research in Veterinary Science, 101, 89-92. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rvsc.2015.06.008
Profeta F, et al. Retrospective Seroepidemiological Investigations Against Morbillivirus, Toxoplasma Gondii and Brucella Spp. in Cetaceans Stranded Along the Italian Coastline (1998-2014). Res Vet Sci. 2015;101:89-92. PubMed PMID: 26267096.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Retrospective seroepidemiological investigations against Morbillivirus, Toxoplasma gondii and Brucella spp. in cetaceans stranded along the Italian coastline (1998-2014). AU - Profeta,Francesca, AU - Di Francesco,Cristina Esmeralda, AU - Marsilio,Fulvio, AU - Mignone,Walter, AU - Di Nocera,Fabio, AU - De Carlo,Esterina, AU - Lucifora,Giuseppe, AU - Pietroluongo,Guido, AU - Baffoni,Marina, AU - Cocumelli,Cristiano, AU - Eleni,Claudia, AU - Terracciano,Giuliana, AU - Ferri,Nicola, AU - Di Francesco,Gabriella, AU - Casalone,Cristina, AU - Pautasso,Alessandra, AU - Mazzariol,Sandro, AU - Centelleghe,Cinzia, AU - Di Guardo,Giovanni, Y1 - 2015/06/27/ PY - 2015/01/19/received PY - 2015/05/01/revised PY - 2015/06/21/accepted PY - 2015/8/13/entrez PY - 2015/8/13/pubmed PY - 2016/3/29/medline KW - Brucella spp. KW - Cetaceans KW - Mediterranean Sea KW - Morbillivirus KW - Serology KW - Toxoplasma gondii SP - 89 EP - 92 JF - Research in veterinary science JO - Res Vet Sci VL - 101 N2 - This study reports the results of seroepidemiological investigations carried out against Morbillivirus, Toxoplasma gondii and Brucella spp. on blood serum samples collected from 70 cetacean specimens found stranded along the Italian coastline between 1998 and 2014. A total number of 23 serum samples (32.8%) obtained from Stenella coeruleoalba, Tursiops truncatus, Balaenoptera physalus and Globicephala melas harboured anti-Morbillivirus neutralizing antibodies. Ten sera (16%) collected from S. coeruleoalba and T. truncatus were found positive against T. gondii, while no antibodies against Brucella spp. were found. These data reveal that stranded cetaceans provide a unique opportunity for monitoring the health status of free-ranging animals living in the Mediterranean Sea, in order to investigate the level of exposure of cetacean populations to selected infectious agents representing a serious threat for aquatic mammals. SN - 1532-2661 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26267096/Retrospective_seroepidemiological_investigations_against_Morbillivirus_Toxoplasma_gondii_and_Brucella_spp__in_cetaceans_stranded_along_the_Italian_coastline__1998_2014__ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0034-5288(15)30001-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -