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Teen Dating Violence Victimization and Patterns of Substance Use Among High School Students.
J Adolesc Health. 2015 Oct; 57(4):441-7.JA

Abstract

PURPOSE

Substance use in adolescence is a significant concern, particularly the use of multiple drugs. Yet, most studies examine a single substance in isolation, with limited consideration of the use of multiple substances. Furthermore, few studies have examined how teen dating violence (TDV) victimization is associated with patterns of substance use.

METHODS

Using latent class analysis and latent class regression, the present study aimed to (1) identify subtypes of substance use among high school students and (2) examine the association between past-year physical and psychological TDV victimization and pattern of substance use. We focused on 30-day use of alcohol, binge drinking, marijuana, cigarette, cigarillo, and prescription drug use. Analyses were conducted on data from 18,680 adolescents in Grades 9-12, across 58 high schools.

RESULTS

The latent class analysis indicated a five-class model best fit the data; the largest class was composed of nonusers, whereas the other classes were high polysubstance use, alcohol use, alcohol and marijuana use, and moderate polysubstance use. The multinomial regression analyses indicated that adolescents who had experienced physical and psychological TDV were more likely to be in the two polysubstance use classes and the alcohol and marijuana use class, as compared with nonvictimized adolescents.

CONCLUSION

There is heterogeneity in adolescents' self-reported recent substance use, although a large proportion of substance-using youth reported recent alcohol and marijuana use. Preventive interventions should focus their efforts on preventing substance use among victims of TDV, in part because substance use is a risk factor for TDV victimization.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Mental Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland. Electronic address: eparke14@jhu.edu.Curry School of Education, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26271161

Citation

Parker, Elizabeth M., and Catherine P. Bradshaw. "Teen Dating Violence Victimization and Patterns of Substance Use Among High School Students." The Journal of Adolescent Health : Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, vol. 57, no. 4, 2015, pp. 441-7.
Parker EM, Bradshaw CP. Teen Dating Violence Victimization and Patterns of Substance Use Among High School Students. J Adolesc Health. 2015;57(4):441-7.
Parker, E. M., & Bradshaw, C. P. (2015). Teen Dating Violence Victimization and Patterns of Substance Use Among High School Students. The Journal of Adolescent Health : Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, 57(4), 441-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2015.06.013
Parker EM, Bradshaw CP. Teen Dating Violence Victimization and Patterns of Substance Use Among High School Students. J Adolesc Health. 2015;57(4):441-7. PubMed PMID: 26271161.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Teen Dating Violence Victimization and Patterns of Substance Use Among High School Students. AU - Parker,Elizabeth M, AU - Bradshaw,Catherine P, Y1 - 2015/08/11/ PY - 2015/01/29/received PY - 2015/06/19/revised PY - 2015/06/19/accepted PY - 2015/8/15/entrez PY - 2015/8/15/pubmed PY - 2016/7/7/medline KW - Adolescents KW - Alcohol KW - Marijuana KW - Teen dating violence KW - Tobacco SP - 441 EP - 7 JF - The Journal of adolescent health : official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine JO - J Adolesc Health VL - 57 IS - 4 N2 - PURPOSE: Substance use in adolescence is a significant concern, particularly the use of multiple drugs. Yet, most studies examine a single substance in isolation, with limited consideration of the use of multiple substances. Furthermore, few studies have examined how teen dating violence (TDV) victimization is associated with patterns of substance use. METHODS: Using latent class analysis and latent class regression, the present study aimed to (1) identify subtypes of substance use among high school students and (2) examine the association between past-year physical and psychological TDV victimization and pattern of substance use. We focused on 30-day use of alcohol, binge drinking, marijuana, cigarette, cigarillo, and prescription drug use. Analyses were conducted on data from 18,680 adolescents in Grades 9-12, across 58 high schools. RESULTS: The latent class analysis indicated a five-class model best fit the data; the largest class was composed of nonusers, whereas the other classes were high polysubstance use, alcohol use, alcohol and marijuana use, and moderate polysubstance use. The multinomial regression analyses indicated that adolescents who had experienced physical and psychological TDV were more likely to be in the two polysubstance use classes and the alcohol and marijuana use class, as compared with nonvictimized adolescents. CONCLUSION: There is heterogeneity in adolescents' self-reported recent substance use, although a large proportion of substance-using youth reported recent alcohol and marijuana use. Preventive interventions should focus their efforts on preventing substance use among victims of TDV, in part because substance use is a risk factor for TDV victimization. SN - 1879-1972 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26271161/Teen_Dating_Violence_Victimization_and_Patterns_of_Substance_Use_Among_High_School_Students_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1054-139X(15)00258-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -