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Adapting an evidence-based intervention for HIV to avail access to testing and risk-reduction counseling for female victims of sexual violence in post-earthquake Haiti.
AIDS Care 2016; 28(2):250-6AC

Abstract

Haiti has the highest prevalence of HIV/AIDS in the Caribbean. Before the 2010 earthquake, Haitian women bore a disproportionate burden of HIV/AIDS, had lower HIV knowledge, less capacity to negotiate for safer sex, and limited access to HIV testing and risk-reduction (RR) counseling. Since 2010, there has been an increase in sexual violence against women, characterized by deliberate vaginal injuries by non-intimate partners, increasing victims' risk of sexually transmitted infections including HIV/AIDS. Needed is an adaptation of evidence-based interventions for HIV that include HIV testing and counseling for this stigmatized population. We reviewed several features of Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's 103 evidence-based interventions for HIV (e.g., measures used, participant risk characteristics, theoretical framework, outcome variables, and evidence tier) in an attempt to seek a feasibly adaptable evidence-based intervention for HIV that could be used for victims of sexual violence (VOSV). RESPECT, one of the reviewed evidence-based HIV interventions, comprises of one-on-one, client-focused HIV prevention/RR counseling, and RAPID HIV testing. Adapting RESPECT can enhance access to testing for Haitian VOSV and can influence their perceptions of HIV risk, and establishment of RR goals for future consensual intimate relations. Adapting and implementing RESPECT can increase uptake of evidence-based HIV interventions among Haitians and positively affect a region with high HIV prevalence and increased rates of sexual violence.

Authors+Show Affiliations

a University of South Florida , School of Social Work , 13301 Bruce B. Downs Blvd., MHC1423, Tampa , FL 33612 , USA.a University of South Florida , School of Social Work , 13301 Bruce B. Downs Blvd., MHC1423, Tampa , FL 33612 , USA.a University of South Florida , School of Social Work , 13301 Bruce B. Downs Blvd., MHC1423, Tampa , FL 33612 , USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26278002

Citation

Rahill, Guitele J., et al. "Adapting an Evidence-based Intervention for HIV to Avail Access to Testing and Risk-reduction Counseling for Female Victims of Sexual Violence in Post-earthquake Haiti." AIDS Care, vol. 28, no. 2, 2016, pp. 250-6.
Rahill GJ, Joshi M, Hernandez A. Adapting an evidence-based intervention for HIV to avail access to testing and risk-reduction counseling for female victims of sexual violence in post-earthquake Haiti. AIDS Care. 2016;28(2):250-6.
Rahill, G. J., Joshi, M., & Hernandez, A. (2016). Adapting an evidence-based intervention for HIV to avail access to testing and risk-reduction counseling for female victims of sexual violence in post-earthquake Haiti. AIDS Care, 28(2), pp. 250-6. doi:10.1080/09540121.2015.1071773.
Rahill GJ, Joshi M, Hernandez A. Adapting an Evidence-based Intervention for HIV to Avail Access to Testing and Risk-reduction Counseling for Female Victims of Sexual Violence in Post-earthquake Haiti. AIDS Care. 2016;28(2):250-6. PubMed PMID: 26278002.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Adapting an evidence-based intervention for HIV to avail access to testing and risk-reduction counseling for female victims of sexual violence in post-earthquake Haiti. AU - Rahill,Guitele J, AU - Joshi,Manisha, AU - Hernandez,Anthony, Y1 - 2015/08/17/ PY - 2015/8/18/entrez PY - 2015/8/19/pubmed PY - 2018/4/19/medline KW - HIV prevention and risk-reduction counseling for Haitian women victims of sexual violence KW - adaptation of evidence-based interventions for victims of sexual violence KW - sexual violence and HIV risk in post-earthquake Haiti SP - 250 EP - 6 JF - AIDS care JO - AIDS Care VL - 28 IS - 2 N2 - Haiti has the highest prevalence of HIV/AIDS in the Caribbean. Before the 2010 earthquake, Haitian women bore a disproportionate burden of HIV/AIDS, had lower HIV knowledge, less capacity to negotiate for safer sex, and limited access to HIV testing and risk-reduction (RR) counseling. Since 2010, there has been an increase in sexual violence against women, characterized by deliberate vaginal injuries by non-intimate partners, increasing victims' risk of sexually transmitted infections including HIV/AIDS. Needed is an adaptation of evidence-based interventions for HIV that include HIV testing and counseling for this stigmatized population. We reviewed several features of Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's 103 evidence-based interventions for HIV (e.g., measures used, participant risk characteristics, theoretical framework, outcome variables, and evidence tier) in an attempt to seek a feasibly adaptable evidence-based intervention for HIV that could be used for victims of sexual violence (VOSV). RESPECT, one of the reviewed evidence-based HIV interventions, comprises of one-on-one, client-focused HIV prevention/RR counseling, and RAPID HIV testing. Adapting RESPECT can enhance access to testing for Haitian VOSV and can influence their perceptions of HIV risk, and establishment of RR goals for future consensual intimate relations. Adapting and implementing RESPECT can increase uptake of evidence-based HIV interventions among Haitians and positively affect a region with high HIV prevalence and increased rates of sexual violence. SN - 1360-0451 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26278002/Adapting_an_evidence_based_intervention_for_HIV_to_avail_access_to_testing_and_risk_reduction_counseling_for_female_victims_of_sexual_violence_in_post_earthquake_Haiti_ L2 - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09540121.2015.1071773 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -