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Multilocus phylogeography of the common midwife toad, Alytes obstetricans (Anura, Alytidae): Contrasting patterns of lineage diversification and genetic structure in the Iberian refugium.
Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2015 Dec; 93:363-79.MP

Abstract

Recent investigations on the evolutionary history of the common midwife toad (Alytes obstetricans) revealed high levels of geographically structured genetic diversity but also a situation where delineation of major historical lineages and resolution of their relationships are much more complex than previously thought. We studied sequence variation in one mitochondrial and four nuclear genes throughout the entire distribution range of all recognized A. obstetricans subspecies to infer the evolutionary processes that shaped current patterns of genetic diversity and population subdivision. We found six divergent, geographically structured mtDNA haplogroups diagnosing population lineages, and varying levels of admixture in nuclear markers. Given the timeframe inferred for the splits between major lineages, the climatic and environmental changes that occurred during the Pleistocene seem to have shaped the diversification history of A. obstetricans. Survival of populations in allopatric refugia through the Ice Ages supports the generality of the "refugia-within-refugia" scenario for the Iberian Peninsula. However, lineages corresponding to subspecies A. o. almogavarii, A. o. pertinax, A. o. obstetricans, and A. o. boscai responded differently to Pleistocene climatic oscillations after diverging from a common ancestor. Alytes o. obstetricans expanded northward from a northern Iberian refugium through the western Pyrenees, leaving a signal of contrasting patterns of genetic diversity, with a single mtDNA haplotype north of the Pyrenees from SW France to Germany. Both A. o. pertinax and A. o. boscai are widespread and genetically diverse in Iberia, the latter comprising two divergent lineages with a long independent history. Finally, A. o. almogavarii is mostly restricted to the north-eastern corner of Iberia north of the Ebro river, with additional populations in a small region in south-eastern France. This taxon exhibits unparalleled levels of genetic diversity and little haplotype sharing with other lineages, suggesting a process of incipient speciation.

Authors+Show Affiliations

CIBIO Research Centre in Biodiversity and Genetic Resources, InBIO, Universidade do Porto, Campus Agrário de Vairão, 4485-661 Vairão, Portugal. Electronic address: hgoncalves@cibio.up.pt.CIBIO Research Centre in Biodiversity and Genetic Resources, InBIO, Universidade do Porto, Campus Agrário de Vairão, 4485-661 Vairão, Portugal; Departamento de Biologia, Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade do Porto, 4099-002 Porto, Portugal.CIBIO Research Centre in Biodiversity and Genetic Resources, InBIO, Universidade do Porto, Campus Agrário de Vairão, 4485-661 Vairão, Portugal; Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi, Caixa Postal 399, Belém, PA 66040-170, Brazil.Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, MNCN-CSIC, c/José Gutiérrez Abascal 2, 28006 Madrid, Spain.CIBIO Research Centre in Biodiversity and Genetic Resources, InBIO, Universidade do Porto, Campus Agrário de Vairão, 4485-661 Vairão, Portugal.CIBIO Research Centre in Biodiversity and Genetic Resources, InBIO, Universidade do Porto, Campus Agrário de Vairão, 4485-661 Vairão, Portugal; Departamento de Biologia, Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade do Porto, 4099-002 Porto, Portugal; Department of Zoology, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa.CIBIO Research Centre in Biodiversity and Genetic Resources, InBIO, Universidade do Porto, Campus Agrário de Vairão, 4485-661 Vairão, Portugal; Instituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos (CSIC-UCLM-JCCM), Ronda de Toledo, s/n, 13005 Ciudad Real, Spain; Ecology, Evolution and Development Group, Department of Wetland Ecology, Estación Biológica de Doñana (EBD-CSIC), Avenida Américo Vespucio, s/n, 41092 Sevilla, Spain.

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26282950

Citation

Gonçalves, H, et al. "Multilocus Phylogeography of the Common Midwife Toad, Alytes Obstetricans (Anura, Alytidae): Contrasting Patterns of Lineage Diversification and Genetic Structure in the Iberian Refugium." Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, vol. 93, 2015, pp. 363-79.
Gonçalves H, Maia-Carvalho B, Sousa-Neves T, et al. Multilocus phylogeography of the common midwife toad, Alytes obstetricans (Anura, Alytidae): Contrasting patterns of lineage diversification and genetic structure in the Iberian refugium. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2015;93:363-79.
Gonçalves, H., Maia-Carvalho, B., Sousa-Neves, T., García-París, M., Sequeira, F., Ferrand, N., & Martínez-Solano, I. (2015). Multilocus phylogeography of the common midwife toad, Alytes obstetricans (Anura, Alytidae): Contrasting patterns of lineage diversification and genetic structure in the Iberian refugium. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 93, 363-79. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2015.08.009
Gonçalves H, et al. Multilocus Phylogeography of the Common Midwife Toad, Alytes Obstetricans (Anura, Alytidae): Contrasting Patterns of Lineage Diversification and Genetic Structure in the Iberian Refugium. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2015;93:363-79. PubMed PMID: 26282950.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Multilocus phylogeography of the common midwife toad, Alytes obstetricans (Anura, Alytidae): Contrasting patterns of lineage diversification and genetic structure in the Iberian refugium. AU - Gonçalves,H, AU - Maia-Carvalho,B, AU - Sousa-Neves,T, AU - García-París,M, AU - Sequeira,F, AU - Ferrand,N, AU - Martínez-Solano,I, Y1 - 2015/08/14/ PY - 2015/04/16/received PY - 2015/08/07/revised PY - 2015/08/07/accepted PY - 2015/8/19/entrez PY - 2015/8/19/pubmed PY - 2016/5/5/medline KW - Amphibia KW - Demography KW - Diversification KW - Historical biogeography KW - Speciation SP - 363 EP - 79 JF - Molecular phylogenetics and evolution JO - Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. VL - 93 N2 - Recent investigations on the evolutionary history of the common midwife toad (Alytes obstetricans) revealed high levels of geographically structured genetic diversity but also a situation where delineation of major historical lineages and resolution of their relationships are much more complex than previously thought. We studied sequence variation in one mitochondrial and four nuclear genes throughout the entire distribution range of all recognized A. obstetricans subspecies to infer the evolutionary processes that shaped current patterns of genetic diversity and population subdivision. We found six divergent, geographically structured mtDNA haplogroups diagnosing population lineages, and varying levels of admixture in nuclear markers. Given the timeframe inferred for the splits between major lineages, the climatic and environmental changes that occurred during the Pleistocene seem to have shaped the diversification history of A. obstetricans. Survival of populations in allopatric refugia through the Ice Ages supports the generality of the "refugia-within-refugia" scenario for the Iberian Peninsula. However, lineages corresponding to subspecies A. o. almogavarii, A. o. pertinax, A. o. obstetricans, and A. o. boscai responded differently to Pleistocene climatic oscillations after diverging from a common ancestor. Alytes o. obstetricans expanded northward from a northern Iberian refugium through the western Pyrenees, leaving a signal of contrasting patterns of genetic diversity, with a single mtDNA haplotype north of the Pyrenees from SW France to Germany. Both A. o. pertinax and A. o. boscai are widespread and genetically diverse in Iberia, the latter comprising two divergent lineages with a long independent history. Finally, A. o. almogavarii is mostly restricted to the north-eastern corner of Iberia north of the Ebro river, with additional populations in a small region in south-eastern France. This taxon exhibits unparalleled levels of genetic diversity and little haplotype sharing with other lineages, suggesting a process of incipient speciation. SN - 1095-9513 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26282950/Multilocus_phylogeography_of_the_common_midwife_toad_Alytes_obstetricans__Anura_Alytidae_:_Contrasting_patterns_of_lineage_diversification_and_genetic_structure_in_the_Iberian_refugium_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1055-7903(15)00240-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -