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Normal Anatomy and Compression Areas of Nerves of the Foot and Ankle: US and MR Imaging with Anatomic Correlation.
Radiographics. 2015 Sep-Oct; 35(5):1469-82.R

Abstract

The anatomy of the nerves of the foot and ankle is complex, and familiarity with the normal anatomy and course of these nerves as well as common anatomic variants is essential for correct identification at imaging. Ultrasonography (US) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging allow visualization of these nerves and may facilitate diagnosis of various compression syndromes, such as "jogger's heel," Baxter neuropathy, and Morton neuroma. It may be difficult to distinguish the nerves from adjacent vasculature at MR imaging, and US can help in differentiation. The authors review the normal anatomy and common variants of the nerves of the foot and ankle, with use of dissected specimens and correlative US and MR imaging findings. In addition, the authors illustrate proper probe positioning, which is essential for visualizing the nerves at US. The authors' discussion focuses on the superficial and deep peroneal, sural, saphenous, tibial, medial and lateral plantar, medial and inferior calcaneal, common digital, and medial proper plantar digital nerves.

Authors+Show Affiliations

From the Department of Radiology, Universitair Ziekenhuis Brussel, Laarbeeklaan 101, 1090 Brussels, Belgium (M.D.M., M.S., J.D.M.); Department of Radiology, Royal Free Hospital, London Deanery, London, England (H.M.); Department of Radiology, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC (L.L.); Department of Radiology, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Mich (M.K.B.); Department of Radiology, Sint Andries Ziekenhuis Tielt, Tielt, Belgium (S.M.); and Department of Experimental Anatomy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium (A.S.).From the Department of Radiology, Universitair Ziekenhuis Brussel, Laarbeeklaan 101, 1090 Brussels, Belgium (M.D.M., M.S., J.D.M.); Department of Radiology, Royal Free Hospital, London Deanery, London, England (H.M.); Department of Radiology, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC (L.L.); Department of Radiology, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Mich (M.K.B.); Department of Radiology, Sint Andries Ziekenhuis Tielt, Tielt, Belgium (S.M.); and Department of Experimental Anatomy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium (A.S.).From the Department of Radiology, Universitair Ziekenhuis Brussel, Laarbeeklaan 101, 1090 Brussels, Belgium (M.D.M., M.S., J.D.M.); Department of Radiology, Royal Free Hospital, London Deanery, London, England (H.M.); Department of Radiology, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC (L.L.); Department of Radiology, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Mich (M.K.B.); Department of Radiology, Sint Andries Ziekenhuis Tielt, Tielt, Belgium (S.M.); and Department of Experimental Anatomy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium (A.S.).From the Department of Radiology, Universitair Ziekenhuis Brussel, Laarbeeklaan 101, 1090 Brussels, Belgium (M.D.M., M.S., J.D.M.); Department of Radiology, Royal Free Hospital, London Deanery, London, England (H.M.); Department of Radiology, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC (L.L.); Department of Radiology, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Mich (M.K.B.); Department of Radiology, Sint Andries Ziekenhuis Tielt, Tielt, Belgium (S.M.); and Department of Experimental Anatomy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium (A.S.).From the Department of Radiology, Universitair Ziekenhuis Brussel, Laarbeeklaan 101, 1090 Brussels, Belgium (M.D.M., M.S., J.D.M.); Department of Radiology, Royal Free Hospital, London Deanery, London, England (H.M.); Department of Radiology, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC (L.L.); Department of Radiology, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Mich (M.K.B.); Department of Radiology, Sint Andries Ziekenhuis Tielt, Tielt, Belgium (S.M.); and Department of Experimental Anatomy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium (A.S.).From the Department of Radiology, Universitair Ziekenhuis Brussel, Laarbeeklaan 101, 1090 Brussels, Belgium (M.D.M., M.S., J.D.M.); Department of Radiology, Royal Free Hospital, London Deanery, London, England (H.M.); Department of Radiology, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC (L.L.); Department of Radiology, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Mich (M.K.B.); Department of Radiology, Sint Andries Ziekenhuis Tielt, Tielt, Belgium (S.M.); and Department of Experimental Anatomy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium (A.S.).From the Department of Radiology, Universitair Ziekenhuis Brussel, Laarbeeklaan 101, 1090 Brussels, Belgium (M.D.M., M.S., J.D.M.); Department of Radiology, Royal Free Hospital, London Deanery, London, England (H.M.); Department of Radiology, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC (L.L.); Department of Radiology, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Mich (M.K.B.); Department of Radiology, Sint Andries Ziekenhuis Tielt, Tielt, Belgium (S.M.); and Department of Experimental Anatomy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium (A.S.).From the Department of Radiology, Universitair Ziekenhuis Brussel, Laarbeeklaan 101, 1090 Brussels, Belgium (M.D.M., M.S., J.D.M.); Department of Radiology, Royal Free Hospital, London Deanery, London, England (H.M.); Department of Radiology, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC (L.L.); Department of Radiology, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Mich (M.K.B.); Department of Radiology, Sint Andries Ziekenhuis Tielt, Tielt, Belgium (S.M.); and Department of Experimental Anatomy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium (A.S.).

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26284303

Citation

De Maeseneer, Michel, et al. "Normal Anatomy and Compression Areas of Nerves of the Foot and Ankle: US and MR Imaging With Anatomic Correlation." Radiographics : a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc, vol. 35, no. 5, 2015, pp. 1469-82.
De Maeseneer M, Madani H, Lenchik L, et al. Normal Anatomy and Compression Areas of Nerves of the Foot and Ankle: US and MR Imaging with Anatomic Correlation. Radiographics. 2015;35(5):1469-82.
De Maeseneer, M., Madani, H., Lenchik, L., Kalume Brigido, M., Shahabpour, M., Marcelis, S., de Mey, J., & Scafoglieri, A. (2015). Normal Anatomy and Compression Areas of Nerves of the Foot and Ankle: US and MR Imaging with Anatomic Correlation. Radiographics : a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc, 35(5), 1469-82. https://doi.org/10.1148/rg.2015150028
De Maeseneer M, et al. Normal Anatomy and Compression Areas of Nerves of the Foot and Ankle: US and MR Imaging With Anatomic Correlation. Radiographics. 2015 Sep-Oct;35(5):1469-82. PubMed PMID: 26284303.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Normal Anatomy and Compression Areas of Nerves of the Foot and Ankle: US and MR Imaging with Anatomic Correlation. AU - De Maeseneer,Michel, AU - Madani,Hardi, AU - Lenchik,Leon, AU - Kalume Brigido,Monica, AU - Shahabpour,Maryam, AU - Marcelis,Stefaan, AU - de Mey,Johan, AU - Scafoglieri,Aldo, Y1 - 2015/08/18/ PY - 2015/8/19/entrez PY - 2015/8/19/pubmed PY - 2016/7/21/medline SP - 1469 EP - 82 JF - Radiographics : a review publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc JO - Radiographics VL - 35 IS - 5 N2 - The anatomy of the nerves of the foot and ankle is complex, and familiarity with the normal anatomy and course of these nerves as well as common anatomic variants is essential for correct identification at imaging. Ultrasonography (US) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging allow visualization of these nerves and may facilitate diagnosis of various compression syndromes, such as "jogger's heel," Baxter neuropathy, and Morton neuroma. It may be difficult to distinguish the nerves from adjacent vasculature at MR imaging, and US can help in differentiation. The authors review the normal anatomy and common variants of the nerves of the foot and ankle, with use of dissected specimens and correlative US and MR imaging findings. In addition, the authors illustrate proper probe positioning, which is essential for visualizing the nerves at US. The authors' discussion focuses on the superficial and deep peroneal, sural, saphenous, tibial, medial and lateral plantar, medial and inferior calcaneal, common digital, and medial proper plantar digital nerves. SN - 1527-1323 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26284303/Normal_Anatomy_and_Compression_Areas_of_Nerves_of_the_Foot_and_Ankle:_US_and_MR_Imaging_with_Anatomic_Correlation_ L2 - http://pubs.rsna.org/doi/10.1148/rg.2015150028?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -