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Environmental Influences on Preschoolers' Physical Activity Levels in Various Early-Learning Facilities.
Res Q Exerc Sport. 2015; 86(4):360-70.RQ

Abstract

PURPOSE

This study aimed to: (a) compare the physical activity (PA) levels (i.e., moderate-to-vigorous PA [MVPA] and total PA [TPA]) of preschoolers in 3 different early-learning environments (center-based childcare, home-based childcare, and full-day kindergarten [FDK]); and (b) assess which characteristics (e.g., play equipment, policies, etc.) of these settings influenced preschoolers' PA.

METHOD

Twenty-seven facilities (9 centers, 10 homes, and 8 FDK) participated in this study. Participants (aged 2.5-5 years; n = 297) were fitted with Actical™ accelerometers for 5 consecutive days during childcare/school hours to assess their PA. The Environment and Policy Assessment and Observation (EPAO) tool was used to objectively examine the PA environment of all participating facilities. Finally, demographic questionnaires were administered to preschoolers' parents/guardians.

RESULTS

Preschoolers in FDK accumulated significantly more MVPA (p < .05; 3.33 min/hr) than those in center- (1.58 min/hr) and home-based (1.75 min/hr) childcare, and they accumulated significantly more TPA (p < .05; 20.31 min/hr) than those in center-based childcare (18.36 min/hr). For FDK, the Active Opportunities, Sedentary Opportunities, Sedentary Environment, and Fixed Play Environment subscales of the EPAO significantly impacted both MVPA and TPA. For center-based childcare, only the Sedentary Environment subscale was found to impact MVPA and TPA. No subscales influenced children's MVPA or TPA in home-based childcare.

CONCLUSIONS

This research underscores the need to encourage/support preschoolers' active behaviors in early-learning settings, particularly for those in center- and home-based childcare. Furthermore, this article highlights environmental and staff characteristics on which future PA programming should focus.

Authors+Show Affiliations

a University of Western Ontario.a University of Western Ontario.a University of Western Ontario.a University of Western Ontario.a University of Western Ontario.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26288191

Citation

Vanderloo, Leigh M., et al. "Environmental Influences On Preschoolers' Physical Activity Levels in Various Early-Learning Facilities." Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, vol. 86, no. 4, 2015, pp. 360-70.
Vanderloo LM, Tucker P, Johnson AM, et al. Environmental Influences on Preschoolers' Physical Activity Levels in Various Early-Learning Facilities. Res Q Exerc Sport. 2015;86(4):360-70.
Vanderloo, L. M., Tucker, P., Johnson, A. M., Burke, S. M., & Irwin, J. D. (2015). Environmental Influences on Preschoolers' Physical Activity Levels in Various Early-Learning Facilities. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 86(4), 360-70. https://doi.org/10.1080/02701367.2015.1053105
Vanderloo LM, et al. Environmental Influences On Preschoolers' Physical Activity Levels in Various Early-Learning Facilities. Res Q Exerc Sport. 2015;86(4):360-70. PubMed PMID: 26288191.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Environmental Influences on Preschoolers' Physical Activity Levels in Various Early-Learning Facilities. AU - Vanderloo,Leigh M, AU - Tucker,Patricia, AU - Johnson,Andrew M, AU - Burke,Shauna M, AU - Irwin,Jennifer D, Y1 - 2015/08/19/ PY - 2015/8/20/entrez PY - 2015/8/20/pubmed PY - 2016/8/9/medline KW - accelerometry KW - childcare KW - early years KW - health promotion SP - 360 EP - 70 JF - Research quarterly for exercise and sport JO - Res Q Exerc Sport VL - 86 IS - 4 N2 - PURPOSE: This study aimed to: (a) compare the physical activity (PA) levels (i.e., moderate-to-vigorous PA [MVPA] and total PA [TPA]) of preschoolers in 3 different early-learning environments (center-based childcare, home-based childcare, and full-day kindergarten [FDK]); and (b) assess which characteristics (e.g., play equipment, policies, etc.) of these settings influenced preschoolers' PA. METHOD: Twenty-seven facilities (9 centers, 10 homes, and 8 FDK) participated in this study. Participants (aged 2.5-5 years; n = 297) were fitted with Actical™ accelerometers for 5 consecutive days during childcare/school hours to assess their PA. The Environment and Policy Assessment and Observation (EPAO) tool was used to objectively examine the PA environment of all participating facilities. Finally, demographic questionnaires were administered to preschoolers' parents/guardians. RESULTS: Preschoolers in FDK accumulated significantly more MVPA (p < .05; 3.33 min/hr) than those in center- (1.58 min/hr) and home-based (1.75 min/hr) childcare, and they accumulated significantly more TPA (p < .05; 20.31 min/hr) than those in center-based childcare (18.36 min/hr). For FDK, the Active Opportunities, Sedentary Opportunities, Sedentary Environment, and Fixed Play Environment subscales of the EPAO significantly impacted both MVPA and TPA. For center-based childcare, only the Sedentary Environment subscale was found to impact MVPA and TPA. No subscales influenced children's MVPA or TPA in home-based childcare. CONCLUSIONS: This research underscores the need to encourage/support preschoolers' active behaviors in early-learning settings, particularly for those in center- and home-based childcare. Furthermore, this article highlights environmental and staff characteristics on which future PA programming should focus. SN - 2168-3824 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26288191/Environmental_Influences_on_Preschoolers'_Physical_Activity_Levels_in_Various_Early_Learning_Facilities_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02701367.2015.1053105 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -