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Equine Dermatophytosis due to Trichophyton bullosum, a Poorly Known Zoophilic Dermatophyte Masquerading as T. verrucosum.
Mycopathologia 2015; 180(5-6):407-19M

Abstract

Trichophyton bullosum is a zoophilic dermatophyte from the Arthroderma benhamiae complex with a poorly known distribution. In this study, we report a case of dermatophytosis caused by T. bullosum in a 6-year-old male horse who had a skin lesion located in a saddle area. The infection spread rapidly to the upper chest and to both sides of the trunk. The dermatophyte was isolated in culture and identified by sequence analysis of the internal transcribed spacer regions (ITS rDNA). To date, this is the first verified case of animal infection due to T. bullosum in Europe following the 2012 report of human infection in France. We hypothesize that this species can be relatively common in horses and donkeys, but it is confused with other zoophilic species responsible for infections with similar clinical manifestations, and when isolated in culture, it is misidentified as the phenotypically similar T. verrucosum. Previous cases of dermatophytosis caused by T. verrucosum-like dermatophytes in horses and donkeys were reviewed together with human infections transmitted from these animals. This summary estimates possible distribution width of T. bullosum. The taxonomy of T. verrucosum-like dermatophytes is extremely difficult due to lack of original material and poor morphology of species. Molecular genetic methods are necessary to verify the identification of these fungi. ITS1 or ITS2 region of rDNA alone is sufficient for correct identification.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Laboratory of Medical Mycology, Department of Parasitology, Mycology and Mycobacteriology Prague, Public Health Institute in Usti nad Labem, Sokolovska 60, 186 00, Prague 8, Czech Republic.Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, Charles University in Prague, Benatska 2, 128 01, Praha 2, Czech Republic. hubka@biomed.cas.cz. Laboratory of Fungal Genetics and Metabolism, Institute of Microbiology of the AS CR, v.v.i., Videnska 1083, 142 20, Praha 4, Czech Republic. hubka@biomed.cas.cz. First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague, Katerinska 32, 121 08, Prague 2, Czech Republic. hubka@biomed.cas.cz.Dermatological outpatients' department, Kojeticka 1021, 277 11, Neratovice, Czech Republic.Laboratory of Clinical Mycology, Public Health Institute in Ostrava, Partyzanske namesti 7, 702 00, Ostrava, Czech Republic.Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, Charles University in Prague, Benatska 2, 128 01, Praha 2, Czech Republic. Laboratory of Fungal Genetics and Metabolism, Institute of Microbiology of the AS CR, v.v.i., Videnska 1083, 142 20, Praha 4, Czech Republic.Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, Charles University in Prague, Benatska 2, 128 01, Praha 2, Czech Republic. Laboratory of Fungal Genetics and Metabolism, Institute of Microbiology of the AS CR, v.v.i., Videnska 1083, 142 20, Praha 4, Czech Republic.

Pub Type(s)

Case Reports
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26290003

Citation

Lyskova, Pavlina, et al. "Equine Dermatophytosis Due to Trichophyton Bullosum, a Poorly Known Zoophilic Dermatophyte Masquerading as T. Verrucosum." Mycopathologia, vol. 180, no. 5-6, 2015, pp. 407-19.
Lyskova P, Hubka V, Petricakova A, et al. Equine Dermatophytosis due to Trichophyton bullosum, a Poorly Known Zoophilic Dermatophyte Masquerading as T. verrucosum. Mycopathologia. 2015;180(5-6):407-19.
Lyskova, P., Hubka, V., Petricakova, A., Dobias, R., Cmokova, A., & Kolarik, M. (2015). Equine Dermatophytosis due to Trichophyton bullosum, a Poorly Known Zoophilic Dermatophyte Masquerading as T. verrucosum. Mycopathologia, 180(5-6), pp. 407-19. doi:10.1007/s11046-015-9931-0.
Lyskova P, et al. Equine Dermatophytosis Due to Trichophyton Bullosum, a Poorly Known Zoophilic Dermatophyte Masquerading as T. Verrucosum. Mycopathologia. 2015;180(5-6):407-19. PubMed PMID: 26290003.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Equine Dermatophytosis due to Trichophyton bullosum, a Poorly Known Zoophilic Dermatophyte Masquerading as T. verrucosum. AU - Lyskova,Pavlina, AU - Hubka,Vit, AU - Petricakova,Anna, AU - Dobias,Radim, AU - Cmokova,Adela, AU - Kolarik,Miroslav, Y1 - 2015/08/20/ PY - 2015/06/27/received PY - 2015/08/06/accepted PY - 2015/8/21/entrez PY - 2015/8/21/pubmed PY - 2016/8/26/medline KW - Arthroderma benhamiae complex KW - Enilconazole KW - Flutrimazole KW - Horse diseases KW - Superficial mycoses KW - Zoonotic infections SP - 407 EP - 19 JF - Mycopathologia JO - Mycopathologia VL - 180 IS - 5-6 N2 - Trichophyton bullosum is a zoophilic dermatophyte from the Arthroderma benhamiae complex with a poorly known distribution. In this study, we report a case of dermatophytosis caused by T. bullosum in a 6-year-old male horse who had a skin lesion located in a saddle area. The infection spread rapidly to the upper chest and to both sides of the trunk. The dermatophyte was isolated in culture and identified by sequence analysis of the internal transcribed spacer regions (ITS rDNA). To date, this is the first verified case of animal infection due to T. bullosum in Europe following the 2012 report of human infection in France. We hypothesize that this species can be relatively common in horses and donkeys, but it is confused with other zoophilic species responsible for infections with similar clinical manifestations, and when isolated in culture, it is misidentified as the phenotypically similar T. verrucosum. Previous cases of dermatophytosis caused by T. verrucosum-like dermatophytes in horses and donkeys were reviewed together with human infections transmitted from these animals. This summary estimates possible distribution width of T. bullosum. The taxonomy of T. verrucosum-like dermatophytes is extremely difficult due to lack of original material and poor morphology of species. Molecular genetic methods are necessary to verify the identification of these fungi. ITS1 or ITS2 region of rDNA alone is sufficient for correct identification. SN - 1573-0832 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26290003/Equine_Dermatophytosis_due_to_Trichophyton_bullosum_a_Poorly_Known_Zoophilic_Dermatophyte_Masquerading_as_T__verrucosum_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11046-015-9931-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -