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Association of Soccer and Genu Varum in Adolescents.
Trauma Mon 2015; 20(2):e17184TM

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Genu varum is a physical deformity marked by bowing of the leg. One of the risk factors of this musculoskeletal alignment is stress on the knee joint such as with exercise.

OBJECTIVES

Since the evaluation of genu varum has not been widely studies, this study was conducted to examine the association between genu varum and playing soccer.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Between Septembers 2010-2012, 750 soccer players and 750 non-soccer players 10-18 years of age were included in the study. A questionnaire of data including age, height, weight, body mass index (BMI), years of soccer participation, the average time of playing soccer per week, previous trauma to the lower limbs, history of any fractures of the knee, previous hospitalizations, and the distance of joint lines between the knees was assessed for all subjects. Chi-square, student t-test, and one-way ANOVA were used for statistical analysis by SPSS v.19.0 software. In all tests, a P value of less than 0.05 was construed as statistically significant.

RESULTS

Both soccer players and controls had genu varum. However, the incidence of genu varum was higher in the soccer players (P = 0.0001) and it was more prevalent in the 16-18 year age group (P = 0.0001). The results revealed a statistically significant association between the degree of practices and the prevalence of genu varum (P = 0.0001). Moreover, previous trauma to the knees and practicing in load-bearing sports led to an increase in the degree of genu varum (P = 0.0001).

CONCLUSIONS

There was a higher incidence of genu varum in soccer players than in control adolescents; the stress and load imposed on the knee joint led to more severe genu varum.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Orthopedic, Poorsina Hospital, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, IR Iran.Department of Orthopedic, Poorsina Hospital, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, IR Iran.Department of Community Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, IR Iran.Department of Orthopedic, Poorsina Hospital, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, IR Iran.Department of Orthopedic, Baqiyatallah Hospital, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran.Student Research Committee, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, IR Iran.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26290852

Citation

Asadi, Kamran, et al. "Association of Soccer and Genu Varum in Adolescents." Trauma Monthly, vol. 20, no. 2, 2015, pp. e17184.
Asadi K, Mirbolook A, Heidarzadeh A, et al. Association of Soccer and Genu Varum in Adolescents. Trauma Mon. 2015;20(2):e17184.
Asadi, K., Mirbolook, A., Heidarzadeh, A., Mardani Kivi, M., Emami Meybodi, M. K., & Rouhi Rad, M. (2015). Association of Soccer and Genu Varum in Adolescents. Trauma Monthly, 20(2), pp. e17184. doi:10.5812/traumamon.17184.
Asadi K, et al. Association of Soccer and Genu Varum in Adolescents. Trauma Mon. 2015;20(2):e17184. PubMed PMID: 26290852.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Association of Soccer and Genu Varum in Adolescents. AU - Asadi,Kamran, AU - Mirbolook,Ahmadreza, AU - Heidarzadeh,Abtin, AU - Mardani Kivi,Mohsen, AU - Emami Meybodi,Mohammad Kazem, AU - Rouhi Rad,Melina, Y1 - 2015/05/25/ PY - 2013/12/26/received PY - 2014/01/30/revised PY - 2014/03/04/accepted PY - 2015/8/21/entrez PY - 2015/8/21/pubmed PY - 2015/8/21/medline KW - Adolescent KW - Genu Varum KW - Soccer SP - e17184 EP - e17184 JF - Trauma monthly JO - Trauma Mon VL - 20 IS - 2 N2 - BACKGROUND: Genu varum is a physical deformity marked by bowing of the leg. One of the risk factors of this musculoskeletal alignment is stress on the knee joint such as with exercise. OBJECTIVES: Since the evaluation of genu varum has not been widely studies, this study was conducted to examine the association between genu varum and playing soccer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between Septembers 2010-2012, 750 soccer players and 750 non-soccer players 10-18 years of age were included in the study. A questionnaire of data including age, height, weight, body mass index (BMI), years of soccer participation, the average time of playing soccer per week, previous trauma to the lower limbs, history of any fractures of the knee, previous hospitalizations, and the distance of joint lines between the knees was assessed for all subjects. Chi-square, student t-test, and one-way ANOVA were used for statistical analysis by SPSS v.19.0 software. In all tests, a P value of less than 0.05 was construed as statistically significant. RESULTS: Both soccer players and controls had genu varum. However, the incidence of genu varum was higher in the soccer players (P = 0.0001) and it was more prevalent in the 16-18 year age group (P = 0.0001). The results revealed a statistically significant association between the degree of practices and the prevalence of genu varum (P = 0.0001). Moreover, previous trauma to the knees and practicing in load-bearing sports led to an increase in the degree of genu varum (P = 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: There was a higher incidence of genu varum in soccer players than in control adolescents; the stress and load imposed on the knee joint led to more severe genu varum. SN - 2251-7464 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26290852/Association_of_Soccer_and_Genu_Varum_in_Adolescents_ L2 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmid/26290852/ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -