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Validation of the FSA nutrient profiling system dietary index in French adults-findings from SUVIMAX study.
Eur J Nutr. 2016 Aug; 55(5):1901-10.EJ

Abstract

PURPOSE

Population-wide nutritional recommendations give guidance on food groups' consumption, though a wide variability in nutritional quality within groups may subsist. Nutrient profiling systems may help capturing such variability. We aimed to apply and validate a dietary index based on the British Food Standards Agency nutrient profiling system (FSA-NPS DI) in French middle-aged adults.

METHODS

Dietary data were collected through repeated 24-h dietary records in participants of the Supplémentation en Vitamines et Minéraux Antioxydants study (N = 5882). An aggregated dietary index at the individual level was computed using the FSA-NPS for each food consumed as well as compliance to the French nutritional guidelines using the Programme National Nutrition Santé-Guideline Score (PNNS-GS). Cross-sectional associations between FSA-NPS DI and nutrient intake, PNNS-GS, socio-demographic factors, lifestyle and nutritional biomarkers were computed using ANOVAs.

RESULTS

The FSA-NPS DI was able to characterize the quality of the diets at the individual level in terms of nutrient intake and of adherence to nutritional recommendations: +37.6 % in beta-carotene intakes between subjects with a healthier diet versus subjects with a poorer diet, +42.8 % in vitamin C intakes; +17 % in PNNS-GS, all P < 0.001. FSA-NPS-DI was also associated with nutritional status at the biological level: +21.4 % in beta-carotene levels between subjects with a healthier diet versus subjects with a poorer diet, +12.8 % in vitamin C levels, all P < 0.001.

CONCLUSIONS

The FSA-NPS DI is a useful and validated tool to discriminate individuals according to the quality of the diet, accounting for nutritional quality within food groups. Taking into account nutritional quality of individual foods allows monitoring change in dietary patterns beyond food groups.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Université Paris 13, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle (EREN), Centre de Recherche en Epidémiologie et Biostatistiques, Inserm U1153, Inra U1125, Cnam, COMUE, Paris 5 University, Paris 7 University, 74 rue Marcel Cachin, 93017, Bobigny Cedex, France. c.julia@uren.smbh.univ-paris13.fr. Département de Santé Publique, Hôpital Avicenne (AP-HP), 93017, Bobigny, France. c.julia@uren.smbh.univ-paris13.fr.Université Paris 13, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle (EREN), Centre de Recherche en Epidémiologie et Biostatistiques, Inserm U1153, Inra U1125, Cnam, COMUE, Paris 5 University, Paris 7 University, 74 rue Marcel Cachin, 93017, Bobigny Cedex, France.Université Paris 13, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle (EREN), Centre de Recherche en Epidémiologie et Biostatistiques, Inserm U1153, Inra U1125, Cnam, COMUE, Paris 5 University, Paris 7 University, 74 rue Marcel Cachin, 93017, Bobigny Cedex, France.Université Paris 13, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle (EREN), Centre de Recherche en Epidémiologie et Biostatistiques, Inserm U1153, Inra U1125, Cnam, COMUE, Paris 5 University, Paris 7 University, 74 rue Marcel Cachin, 93017, Bobigny Cedex, France.Université Paris 13, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle (EREN), Centre de Recherche en Epidémiologie et Biostatistiques, Inserm U1153, Inra U1125, Cnam, COMUE, Paris 5 University, Paris 7 University, 74 rue Marcel Cachin, 93017, Bobigny Cedex, France.Université Paris 13, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle (EREN), Centre de Recherche en Epidémiologie et Biostatistiques, Inserm U1153, Inra U1125, Cnam, COMUE, Paris 5 University, Paris 7 University, 74 rue Marcel Cachin, 93017, Bobigny Cedex, France.Université Paris 13, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle (EREN), Centre de Recherche en Epidémiologie et Biostatistiques, Inserm U1153, Inra U1125, Cnam, COMUE, Paris 5 University, Paris 7 University, 74 rue Marcel Cachin, 93017, Bobigny Cedex, France. Département de Santé Publique, Hôpital Avicenne (AP-HP), 93017, Bobigny, France.Université Paris 13, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle (EREN), Centre de Recherche en Epidémiologie et Biostatistiques, Inserm U1153, Inra U1125, Cnam, COMUE, Paris 5 University, Paris 7 University, 74 rue Marcel Cachin, 93017, Bobigny Cedex, France.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Validation Study

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26293977

Citation

Julia, Chantal, et al. "Validation of the FSA Nutrient Profiling System Dietary Index in French Adults-findings From SUVIMAX Study." European Journal of Nutrition, vol. 55, no. 5, 2016, pp. 1901-10.
Julia C, Méjean C, Touvier M, et al. Validation of the FSA nutrient profiling system dietary index in French adults-findings from SUVIMAX study. Eur J Nutr. 2016;55(5):1901-10.
Julia, C., Méjean, C., Touvier, M., Péneau, S., Lassale, C., Ducrot, P., Hercberg, S., & Kesse-Guyot, E. (2016). Validation of the FSA nutrient profiling system dietary index in French adults-findings from SUVIMAX study. European Journal of Nutrition, 55(5), 1901-10. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-015-1006-y
Julia C, et al. Validation of the FSA Nutrient Profiling System Dietary Index in French Adults-findings From SUVIMAX Study. Eur J Nutr. 2016;55(5):1901-10. PubMed PMID: 26293977.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Validation of the FSA nutrient profiling system dietary index in French adults-findings from SUVIMAX study. AU - Julia,Chantal, AU - Méjean,Caroline, AU - Touvier,Mathilde, AU - Péneau,Sandrine, AU - Lassale,Camille, AU - Ducrot,Pauline, AU - Hercberg,Serge, AU - Kesse-Guyot,Emmanuelle, Y1 - 2015/08/21/ PY - 2015/02/06/received PY - 2015/07/27/accepted PY - 2015/8/22/entrez PY - 2015/8/22/pubmed PY - 2017/4/1/medline KW - Biomarkers KW - Dietary index KW - Nutrient profiling KW - Nutritional recommendations SP - 1901 EP - 10 JF - European journal of nutrition JO - Eur J Nutr VL - 55 IS - 5 N2 - PURPOSE: Population-wide nutritional recommendations give guidance on food groups' consumption, though a wide variability in nutritional quality within groups may subsist. Nutrient profiling systems may help capturing such variability. We aimed to apply and validate a dietary index based on the British Food Standards Agency nutrient profiling system (FSA-NPS DI) in French middle-aged adults. METHODS: Dietary data were collected through repeated 24-h dietary records in participants of the Supplémentation en Vitamines et Minéraux Antioxydants study (N = 5882). An aggregated dietary index at the individual level was computed using the FSA-NPS for each food consumed as well as compliance to the French nutritional guidelines using the Programme National Nutrition Santé-Guideline Score (PNNS-GS). Cross-sectional associations between FSA-NPS DI and nutrient intake, PNNS-GS, socio-demographic factors, lifestyle and nutritional biomarkers were computed using ANOVAs. RESULTS: The FSA-NPS DI was able to characterize the quality of the diets at the individual level in terms of nutrient intake and of adherence to nutritional recommendations: +37.6 % in beta-carotene intakes between subjects with a healthier diet versus subjects with a poorer diet, +42.8 % in vitamin C intakes; +17 % in PNNS-GS, all P < 0.001. FSA-NPS-DI was also associated with nutritional status at the biological level: +21.4 % in beta-carotene levels between subjects with a healthier diet versus subjects with a poorer diet, +12.8 % in vitamin C levels, all P < 0.001. CONCLUSIONS: The FSA-NPS DI is a useful and validated tool to discriminate individuals according to the quality of the diet, accounting for nutritional quality within food groups. Taking into account nutritional quality of individual foods allows monitoring change in dietary patterns beyond food groups. SN - 1436-6215 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26293977/Validation_of_the_FSA_nutrient_profiling_system_dietary_index_in_French_adults_findings_from_SUVIMAX_study_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-015-1006-y DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -