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Ethnic Discrimination, Acculturative Stress, and Family Conflict as Predictors of Depressive Symptoms and Cigarette Smoking Among Latina/o Youth: The Mediating Role of Perceived Stress.
J Youth Adolesc. 2015 Oct; 44(10):1984-97.JY

Abstract

Latino youth can experience a range of cultural (i.e., ethnic discrimination and acculturative stress) and familial (i.e. family conflict) risk factors that can contribute to their perceived stress, thereby increasing their risk for depressive symptoms and cigarette smoking. To understand the mechanisms by which ethnic discrimination, acculturative stress and family conflict influence the risk for depressive symptoms and cigarette smoking of youth, the current study investigated the mediating role of perceived stress in these associations. The data came from a longitudinal study of acculturation and substance use with 1919 Latino adolescents (52% female; 84% 14 year-olds; 87% U.S. born). Structural equation modeling indicated that discrimination and family conflict (Time 1) related with higher perceived stress (Time 2), which, in turn, related with more depressive symptoms and smoking (Time 3). The results suggest that perceived stress might be one mechanism by which ethnic discrimination and family conflict contribute to Latino youth symptoms of depression and cigarette smoking. The findings highlight the need for prevention and intervention strategies that help youth manage their general perceived stress and/or focus on stress reduction techniques.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Barnwell College, University of South Carolina, 1512 Pendleton Street, Columbia, SC, 29208, USA, lorenzob@mailbox.sc.edu.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26294041

Citation

Lorenzo-Blanco, Elma I., and Jennifer B. Unger. "Ethnic Discrimination, Acculturative Stress, and Family Conflict as Predictors of Depressive Symptoms and Cigarette Smoking Among Latina/o Youth: the Mediating Role of Perceived Stress." Journal of Youth and Adolescence, vol. 44, no. 10, 2015, pp. 1984-97.
Lorenzo-Blanco EI, Unger JB. Ethnic Discrimination, Acculturative Stress, and Family Conflict as Predictors of Depressive Symptoms and Cigarette Smoking Among Latina/o Youth: The Mediating Role of Perceived Stress. J Youth Adolesc. 2015;44(10):1984-97.
Lorenzo-Blanco, E. I., & Unger, J. B. (2015). Ethnic Discrimination, Acculturative Stress, and Family Conflict as Predictors of Depressive Symptoms and Cigarette Smoking Among Latina/o Youth: The Mediating Role of Perceived Stress. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 44(10), 1984-97. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-015-0339-4
Lorenzo-Blanco EI, Unger JB. Ethnic Discrimination, Acculturative Stress, and Family Conflict as Predictors of Depressive Symptoms and Cigarette Smoking Among Latina/o Youth: the Mediating Role of Perceived Stress. J Youth Adolesc. 2015;44(10):1984-97. PubMed PMID: 26294041.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Ethnic Discrimination, Acculturative Stress, and Family Conflict as Predictors of Depressive Symptoms and Cigarette Smoking Among Latina/o Youth: The Mediating Role of Perceived Stress. AU - Lorenzo-Blanco,Elma I, AU - Unger,Jennifer B, Y1 - 2015/08/21/ PY - 2015/05/31/received PY - 2015/08/06/accepted PY - 2015/8/22/entrez PY - 2015/8/22/pubmed PY - 2016/6/2/medline SP - 1984 EP - 97 JF - Journal of youth and adolescence JO - J Youth Adolesc VL - 44 IS - 10 N2 - Latino youth can experience a range of cultural (i.e., ethnic discrimination and acculturative stress) and familial (i.e. family conflict) risk factors that can contribute to their perceived stress, thereby increasing their risk for depressive symptoms and cigarette smoking. To understand the mechanisms by which ethnic discrimination, acculturative stress and family conflict influence the risk for depressive symptoms and cigarette smoking of youth, the current study investigated the mediating role of perceived stress in these associations. The data came from a longitudinal study of acculturation and substance use with 1919 Latino adolescents (52% female; 84% 14 year-olds; 87% U.S. born). Structural equation modeling indicated that discrimination and family conflict (Time 1) related with higher perceived stress (Time 2), which, in turn, related with more depressive symptoms and smoking (Time 3). The results suggest that perceived stress might be one mechanism by which ethnic discrimination and family conflict contribute to Latino youth symptoms of depression and cigarette smoking. The findings highlight the need for prevention and intervention strategies that help youth manage their general perceived stress and/or focus on stress reduction techniques. SN - 1573-6601 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26294041/Ethnic_Discrimination_Acculturative_Stress_and_Family_Conflict_as_Predictors_of_Depressive_Symptoms_and_Cigarette_Smoking_Among_Latina/o_Youth:_The_Mediating_Role_of_Perceived_Stress_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10964-015-0339-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -