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A First Look at Gender Inequality as a Societal Risk Factor for Dating Violence.
Am J Prev Med. 2015 Sep; 49(3):448-57.AJ

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

One of ten U.S. high school students is a victim of adolescent dating violence (ADV). Understanding ADV risk factors guides prevention efforts; however, research examining community- and societal-level risk factors is scant. Societal gender inequality is a known risk factor for violence against women, but has yet to be explored in relation to ADV. This study aims to determine whether the Gender Inequality Index (GII) correlates with levels of physical and sexual ADV victimization across U.S. states.

METHODS

State-representative prevalence rates of self-reported physical and sexual ADV victimization were obtained from the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey. The state GII includes five indicators: (1) maternal mortality; (2) adolescent birth rate; (3) government representation; (4) educational attainment; and (5) labor force participation. Pearson correlation coefficients determined the association between physical and sexual ADV victimization, the GII, and GII indicators. Analyses were conducted in August 2014.

RESULTS

Among U.S. states, the prevalence of physical ADV victimization in 2013 ranged from 7.0% to 14.8%, and the prevalence of sexual ADV victimization ranged from 7.8% to 13.8%. The GII was significantly associated with the state prevalence of female physical ADV victimization (r=0.48, p<0.01) but not female sexual ADV victimization. Neither physical nor sexual male ADV victimization was associated with the GII.

CONCLUSIONS

This exploratory study suggests that gender inequality may be a societal-level risk factor for female physical ADV victimization. As ADV prevention strategies are implemented at the state level, further research examining the effect of gender inequality on ADV is needed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia. Electronic address: lagressard@gmail.com.Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia.Division of Violence Prevention, CDC, Atlanta, Georgia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26296443

Citation

Gressard, Lindsay A., et al. "A First Look at Gender Inequality as a Societal Risk Factor for Dating Violence." American Journal of Preventive Medicine, vol. 49, no. 3, 2015, pp. 448-57.
Gressard LA, Swahn MH, Tharp AT. A First Look at Gender Inequality as a Societal Risk Factor for Dating Violence. Am J Prev Med. 2015;49(3):448-57.
Gressard, L. A., Swahn, M. H., & Tharp, A. T. (2015). A First Look at Gender Inequality as a Societal Risk Factor for Dating Violence. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 49(3), 448-57. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2015.05.017
Gressard LA, Swahn MH, Tharp AT. A First Look at Gender Inequality as a Societal Risk Factor for Dating Violence. Am J Prev Med. 2015;49(3):448-57. PubMed PMID: 26296443.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A First Look at Gender Inequality as a Societal Risk Factor for Dating Violence. AU - Gressard,Lindsay A, AU - Swahn,Monica H, AU - Tharp,Andra Teten, PY - 2015/01/15/received PY - 2015/04/27/revised PY - 2015/05/19/accepted PY - 2015/8/23/entrez PY - 2015/8/25/pubmed PY - 2016/5/20/medline SP - 448 EP - 57 JF - American journal of preventive medicine JO - Am J Prev Med VL - 49 IS - 3 N2 - INTRODUCTION: One of ten U.S. high school students is a victim of adolescent dating violence (ADV). Understanding ADV risk factors guides prevention efforts; however, research examining community- and societal-level risk factors is scant. Societal gender inequality is a known risk factor for violence against women, but has yet to be explored in relation to ADV. This study aims to determine whether the Gender Inequality Index (GII) correlates with levels of physical and sexual ADV victimization across U.S. states. METHODS: State-representative prevalence rates of self-reported physical and sexual ADV victimization were obtained from the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey. The state GII includes five indicators: (1) maternal mortality; (2) adolescent birth rate; (3) government representation; (4) educational attainment; and (5) labor force participation. Pearson correlation coefficients determined the association between physical and sexual ADV victimization, the GII, and GII indicators. Analyses were conducted in August 2014. RESULTS: Among U.S. states, the prevalence of physical ADV victimization in 2013 ranged from 7.0% to 14.8%, and the prevalence of sexual ADV victimization ranged from 7.8% to 13.8%. The GII was significantly associated with the state prevalence of female physical ADV victimization (r=0.48, p<0.01) but not female sexual ADV victimization. Neither physical nor sexual male ADV victimization was associated with the GII. CONCLUSIONS: This exploratory study suggests that gender inequality may be a societal-level risk factor for female physical ADV victimization. As ADV prevention strategies are implemented at the state level, further research examining the effect of gender inequality on ADV is needed. SN - 1873-2607 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26296443/A_First_Look_at_Gender_Inequality_as_a_Societal_Risk_Factor_for_Dating_Violence_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0749-3797(15)00258-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -