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Supplemental nutrition assistance program participation and sugar-sweetened beverage consumption, overall and by source.
Prev Med. 2015 Dec; 81:82-6.PM

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

This paper examined patterns in adults' sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption and caloric intake by Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participation status and by source of purchases in the United States (US).

METHOD

Cross-sectional analysis of consumption of SSBs by source of purchases using 24-hour dietary recall data obtained from the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003-2010 (N=17,891). Bivariate analysis and multivariable regressions were used to examine the association between SNAP participation and SSB calories consumed overall and by source.

RESULTS

SSBs account for approximately 12% of total daily caloric intake (258 kcal) among SNAP participants, higher than that of SNAP-eligible nonparticipants (9% total daily intake, 205 kcal) and SNAP-ineligible nonparticipants (6% total daily intake, 153 kcal). Among income-eligible adults, participating in SNAP is associated with 28.9 additional SSB calories, of which most were obtained from a store. From 2003-04 to 2009-10, SSB prevalence and caloric intake were flat among SNAP participants while it declined among both SNAP-eligible and SNAP-ineligible nonparticipants; this pattern held for all sources of SSBs except for those purchased from fast-food restaurants, which were not statistically reduced among nonparticipants.

CONCLUSION

SNAP participants consumed more SSB calories compared to SNAP-eligible nonparticipants; and their SSB prevalence and caloric intake trend was flat over the 2003-04 to 2009-10 period. SNAP-Education interventions that focus on improving access to healthy food in poor neighborhoods may benefit SNAP participants.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Economic and Health Policy Research Program, Intramural Research Department, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA, USA. Electronic address: binh211@gmail.com.Division of Health Policy and Administration, School of Public Health, and Institute for Health Research and Policy, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26303370

Citation

Nguyen, Binh T., and Lisa M. Powell. "Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Participation and Sugar-sweetened Beverage Consumption, Overall and By Source." Preventive Medicine, vol. 81, 2015, pp. 82-6.
Nguyen BT, Powell LM. Supplemental nutrition assistance program participation and sugar-sweetened beverage consumption, overall and by source. Prev Med. 2015;81:82-6.
Nguyen, B. T., & Powell, L. M. (2015). Supplemental nutrition assistance program participation and sugar-sweetened beverage consumption, overall and by source. Preventive Medicine, 81, 82-6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2015.08.003
Nguyen BT, Powell LM. Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Participation and Sugar-sweetened Beverage Consumption, Overall and By Source. Prev Med. 2015;81:82-6. PubMed PMID: 26303370.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Supplemental nutrition assistance program participation and sugar-sweetened beverage consumption, overall and by source. AU - Nguyen,Binh T, AU - Powell,Lisa M, Y1 - 2015/08/21/ PY - 2015/02/25/received PY - 2015/08/07/revised PY - 2015/08/13/accepted PY - 2015/8/26/entrez PY - 2015/8/26/pubmed PY - 2016/8/2/medline KW - Fast-food KW - SNAP KW - Sugar-sweetened beverages SP - 82 EP - 6 JF - Preventive medicine JO - Prev Med VL - 81 N2 - INTRODUCTION: This paper examined patterns in adults' sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption and caloric intake by Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participation status and by source of purchases in the United States (US). METHOD: Cross-sectional analysis of consumption of SSBs by source of purchases using 24-hour dietary recall data obtained from the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003-2010 (N=17,891). Bivariate analysis and multivariable regressions were used to examine the association between SNAP participation and SSB calories consumed overall and by source. RESULTS: SSBs account for approximately 12% of total daily caloric intake (258 kcal) among SNAP participants, higher than that of SNAP-eligible nonparticipants (9% total daily intake, 205 kcal) and SNAP-ineligible nonparticipants (6% total daily intake, 153 kcal). Among income-eligible adults, participating in SNAP is associated with 28.9 additional SSB calories, of which most were obtained from a store. From 2003-04 to 2009-10, SSB prevalence and caloric intake were flat among SNAP participants while it declined among both SNAP-eligible and SNAP-ineligible nonparticipants; this pattern held for all sources of SSBs except for those purchased from fast-food restaurants, which were not statistically reduced among nonparticipants. CONCLUSION: SNAP participants consumed more SSB calories compared to SNAP-eligible nonparticipants; and their SSB prevalence and caloric intake trend was flat over the 2003-04 to 2009-10 period. SNAP-Education interventions that focus on improving access to healthy food in poor neighborhoods may benefit SNAP participants. SN - 1096-0260 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26303370/Supplemental_nutrition_assistance_program_participation_and_sugar_sweetened_beverage_consumption_overall_and_by_source_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0091-7435(15)00255-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -