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Kinematic and Kinetic Analysis of the Single-Leg Triple Hop Test in Women With and Without Patellofemoral Pain.

Abstract

STUDY DESIGN

Cross-sectional study.

OBJECTIVES

To compare the biomechanical strategies of the trunk and lower extremity during the transition period between the first and second hop of a single-leg triple hop test in women with and without patellofemoral pain (PFP).

BACKGROUND

Recent literature has shown that PFP is associated with biomechanical impairments of the lower extremities. A number of studies have analyzed the position of the trunk and lower extremities for functional activities such as walking, squatting, jumping, and the step-down test. However, studies on more challenging activities, such as the single-leg triple hop test, may be more representative of sports requiring jumping movements.

METHODS

Women between 18 and 35 years of age (control group, n = 20; PFP group, n = 20) participated in the study. Three-dimensional kinematic and kinetic data were collected during the transition period between the first and second hops while participants performed the single-leg triple hop test.

RESULTS

Compared to the control group, women with PFP exhibited greater (P<.05) anterior and ipsilateral trunk lean, contralateral pelvic drop, hip internal rotation and adduction, and ankle eversion, while exhibiting less hip and knee flexion. A significant difference (P<.05) in time to peak joint angle was also found between groups for all the variables analyzed, except anterior pelvic tilt and hip flexion. In addition, women with PFP exhibited greater (P<.05) hip and knee abductor internal moments.

CONCLUSION

Compared to the control group, women with PFP exhibited altered trunk, pelvis, hip, knee, and ankle kinematics and kinetics.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Department of Rehabilitation Science, Human Motion Analysis Laboratory, Universidade Nove de Julho, São Paulo, Brazil.

    , , , ,

    Source

    MeSH

    Adult
    Ankle
    Biomechanical Phenomena
    Cross-Sectional Studies
    Female
    Hip
    Humans
    Kinetics
    Knee
    Lower Extremity
    Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome
    Pelvis
    Plyometric Exercise
    Torso
    Young Adult

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    26304640

    Citation

    dos Reis, Amir Curcio, et al. "Kinematic and Kinetic Analysis of the Single-Leg Triple Hop Test in Women With and Without Patellofemoral Pain." The Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy, vol. 45, no. 10, 2015, pp. 799-807.
    dos Reis AC, Correa JC, Bley AS, et al. Kinematic and Kinetic Analysis of the Single-Leg Triple Hop Test in Women With and Without Patellofemoral Pain. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2015;45(10):799-807.
    dos Reis, A. C., Correa, J. C., Bley, A. S., Rabelo, N. D., Fukuda, T. Y., & Lucareli, P. R. (2015). Kinematic and Kinetic Analysis of the Single-Leg Triple Hop Test in Women With and Without Patellofemoral Pain. The Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy, 45(10), pp. 799-807. doi:10.2519/jospt.2015.5011.
    dos Reis AC, et al. Kinematic and Kinetic Analysis of the Single-Leg Triple Hop Test in Women With and Without Patellofemoral Pain. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2015;45(10):799-807. PubMed PMID: 26304640.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Kinematic and Kinetic Analysis of the Single-Leg Triple Hop Test in Women With and Without Patellofemoral Pain. AU - dos Reis,Amir Curcio, AU - Correa,João Carlos Ferrari, AU - Bley,André Serra, AU - Rabelo,Nayra Deise dos Anjos, AU - Fukuda,Thiago Yukio, AU - Lucareli,Paulo Roberto Garcia, Y1 - 2015/08/24/ PY - 2015/8/26/entrez PY - 2015/8/26/pubmed PY - 2016/7/5/medline KW - anterior knee pain KW - biomechanics KW - hip KW - patella SP - 799 EP - 807 JF - The Journal of orthopaedic and sports physical therapy JO - J Orthop Sports Phys Ther VL - 45 IS - 10 N2 - STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: To compare the biomechanical strategies of the trunk and lower extremity during the transition period between the first and second hop of a single-leg triple hop test in women with and without patellofemoral pain (PFP). BACKGROUND: Recent literature has shown that PFP is associated with biomechanical impairments of the lower extremities. A number of studies have analyzed the position of the trunk and lower extremities for functional activities such as walking, squatting, jumping, and the step-down test. However, studies on more challenging activities, such as the single-leg triple hop test, may be more representative of sports requiring jumping movements. METHODS: Women between 18 and 35 years of age (control group, n = 20; PFP group, n = 20) participated in the study. Three-dimensional kinematic and kinetic data were collected during the transition period between the first and second hops while participants performed the single-leg triple hop test. RESULTS: Compared to the control group, women with PFP exhibited greater (P<.05) anterior and ipsilateral trunk lean, contralateral pelvic drop, hip internal rotation and adduction, and ankle eversion, while exhibiting less hip and knee flexion. A significant difference (P<.05) in time to peak joint angle was also found between groups for all the variables analyzed, except anterior pelvic tilt and hip flexion. In addition, women with PFP exhibited greater (P<.05) hip and knee abductor internal moments. CONCLUSION: Compared to the control group, women with PFP exhibited altered trunk, pelvis, hip, knee, and ankle kinematics and kinetics. SN - 1938-1344 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26304640/Kinematic_and_Kinetic_Analysis_of_the_Single_Leg_Triple_Hop_Test_in_Women_With_and_Without_Patellofemoral_Pain_ L2 - http://www.jospt.org/doi/full/10.2519/jospt.2015.5011?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&amp;rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&amp;rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -