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Altered Profile of Circulating Endothelial-Derived Microparticles in Ventilator-Induced Lung Injury.
Crit Care Med. 2015 Dec; 43(12):e551-9.CC

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

Pulmonary endothelial cell injury is central to the pathophysiology of acute lung injury. Mechanical ventilation can cause endothelial disruption and injury, even in the absence of preexisting inflammation. Platelet-endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 is a transmembrane protein connecting adjacent endothelial cells. We hypothesized that injurious mechanical ventilation will increase circulating lung endothelial-derived microparticles, defined as microparticles positive for platelet-endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1, which could serve as potential biomarkers and mediators of ventilator-induced lung injury.

DESIGN

Prospective randomized, controlled, animal investigation.

SETTING

A hospital preclinical animal laboratory.

SUBJECTS

Forty-eight Sprague-Dawley rats.

INTERVENTIONS

Animals were randomly allocated to one of the three following ventilatory protocols for 4 hours: spontaneous breathing (control group), mechanical ventilation with low tidal volume (6 mL/kg), and mechanical ventilation with high tidal volume (20 mL/kg). In both mechanical ventilation groups, positive end-expiratory pressure of 2 cm H2O was applied.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS

We analyzed histologic lung damage, gas exchange, wet-to-dry lung weight ratio, serum cytokines levels, circulating endothelial-derived microparticles, platelet-endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 lung protein content, and immunohistochemistry. When compared with low-tidal volume mechanical ventilation, high-tidal volume ventilation increased lung edema score and caused gas-exchange deterioration. These changes were associated with a marked increased of circulating endothelial-derived microparticles and a reduction of platelet-endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 protein levels in the high-tidal volume lungs (p < 0.0001).

CONCLUSIONS

There is an endothelial-derived microparticle profile associated with disease-specific features of ventilator-induced lung injury. This profile could serve both as a biomarker of acute lung injury and, potentially, as a mediator of systemic propagation of pulmonary inflammatory response.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1CIBER de Enfermedades Respiratorias, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain. 2Multidisciplinary Organ Dysfunction Evaluation Research Network, Research Unit, Hospital Universitario Dr. Negrin, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain. 3Department of Anatomy, Pathology and Histology, University of La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain. 4Department of Immunology, Hospital Universitario Dr. Negrin, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain. 5Department of Immunology, Hospital San Espases, Palma de Mallorca, Spain. 6Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Hospital Universitario NS de Candelaria, Tenerife, Spain. 7Research Unit, Hospital Universitario NS de Candelaria, Tenerife, Spain. 8Institute of Medical Science, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada. 9Respiratory and Critical Care Research Group, Toronto General Research Institute, University Health Network, Toronto, ON, Canada. 10Keenan Research Center for Biomedical Science, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada. 11Interdepartmental Division of Critical Care Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26308427

Citation

Cabrera-Benítez, Nuria E., et al. "Altered Profile of Circulating Endothelial-Derived Microparticles in Ventilator-Induced Lung Injury." Critical Care Medicine, vol. 43, no. 12, 2015, pp. e551-9.
Cabrera-Benítez NE, Valladares F, García-Hernández S, et al. Altered Profile of Circulating Endothelial-Derived Microparticles in Ventilator-Induced Lung Injury. Crit Care Med. 2015;43(12):e551-9.
Cabrera-Benítez, N. E., Valladares, F., García-Hernández, S., Ramos-Nuez, Á., Martín-Barrasa, J. L., Martínez-Saavedra, M. T., Rodríguez-Gallego, C., Muros, M., Flores, C., Liu, M., Slutsky, A. S., & Villar, J. (2015). Altered Profile of Circulating Endothelial-Derived Microparticles in Ventilator-Induced Lung Injury. Critical Care Medicine, 43(12), e551-9. https://doi.org/10.1097/CCM.0000000000001280
Cabrera-Benítez NE, et al. Altered Profile of Circulating Endothelial-Derived Microparticles in Ventilator-Induced Lung Injury. Crit Care Med. 2015;43(12):e551-9. PubMed PMID: 26308427.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Altered Profile of Circulating Endothelial-Derived Microparticles in Ventilator-Induced Lung Injury. AU - Cabrera-Benítez,Nuria E, AU - Valladares,Francisco, AU - García-Hernández,Sonia, AU - Ramos-Nuez,Ángela, AU - Martín-Barrasa,José L, AU - Martínez-Saavedra,María-Teresa, AU - Rodríguez-Gallego,Carlos, AU - Muros,Mercedes, AU - Flores,Carlos, AU - Liu,Mingyao, AU - Slutsky,Arthur S, AU - Villar,Jesús, PY - 2015/8/27/entrez PY - 2015/8/27/pubmed PY - 2016/3/5/medline SP - e551 EP - 9 JF - Critical care medicine JO - Crit Care Med VL - 43 IS - 12 N2 - OBJECTIVES: Pulmonary endothelial cell injury is central to the pathophysiology of acute lung injury. Mechanical ventilation can cause endothelial disruption and injury, even in the absence of preexisting inflammation. Platelet-endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 is a transmembrane protein connecting adjacent endothelial cells. We hypothesized that injurious mechanical ventilation will increase circulating lung endothelial-derived microparticles, defined as microparticles positive for platelet-endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1, which could serve as potential biomarkers and mediators of ventilator-induced lung injury. DESIGN: Prospective randomized, controlled, animal investigation. SETTING: A hospital preclinical animal laboratory. SUBJECTS: Forty-eight Sprague-Dawley rats. INTERVENTIONS: Animals were randomly allocated to one of the three following ventilatory protocols for 4 hours: spontaneous breathing (control group), mechanical ventilation with low tidal volume (6 mL/kg), and mechanical ventilation with high tidal volume (20 mL/kg). In both mechanical ventilation groups, positive end-expiratory pressure of 2 cm H2O was applied. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: We analyzed histologic lung damage, gas exchange, wet-to-dry lung weight ratio, serum cytokines levels, circulating endothelial-derived microparticles, platelet-endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 lung protein content, and immunohistochemistry. When compared with low-tidal volume mechanical ventilation, high-tidal volume ventilation increased lung edema score and caused gas-exchange deterioration. These changes were associated with a marked increased of circulating endothelial-derived microparticles and a reduction of platelet-endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 protein levels in the high-tidal volume lungs (p < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: There is an endothelial-derived microparticle profile associated with disease-specific features of ventilator-induced lung injury. This profile could serve both as a biomarker of acute lung injury and, potentially, as a mediator of systemic propagation of pulmonary inflammatory response. SN - 1530-0293 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26308427/Altered_Profile_of_Circulating_Endothelial_Derived_Microparticles_in_Ventilator_Induced_Lung_Injury_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CCM.0000000000001280 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -