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[Influence of Sulfur on the Formation of Fe-Mn Plaque on Root and Uptake of Cd by Rice (Oryza sativa L.)].
Huan Jing Ke Xue. 2015 May; 36(5):1877-87.HJ

Abstract

A pool culture experiment using exogenous Cd-polluted paddy soils was carried out to investigate the influence of different forms of sulfur fertilizers (sulfur and gypsum) on the formation of Fe-Mn plaque on rice root and the uptake of Cd by rice. The results showed that the redox potential (Eh) was about--200-100 mV, the pH was 6.9-7.9 and the pe + pH was 4-10 in different growth periods of rice. The mass fractions of Fe and Mn plaque on rice root were 5000-13,000 mg · kg(-1) and 170-580 mg · kg(-1), respectively. The high sulfur treatment led to the formation of more Fe plaque than the low sulfur treatment, and the mass fractions of Fe plaque in both treatments were 9400 mg · kg(-1) and 8600 mg · kg(-1) respectively in the boot stage. Contents of Mn plaque, significantly different in the tiller stage by elemental sulfur treatment and gypsum treatment, were 600 mg · kg(-1) and 400 mg · kg(-1), respectively. The elemental S treatment led to the formation of more Mn plaque on rice root than the gypsum treatment. The excessive intake of Fe2+ might be prevented by the formation of the plaque which had little significant influence on the uptake of Mn2+. The mass fractions of Cd adsorbed by rice roots surface plaque were 78.8-131.1 mg · kg(-1) in tiller stage, 16.6-21.1 mg · kg(-1) in boot stage, and 3.0-9.2 mg · kg(-1) in mature stage. The high sulfur treatment led to higher adsorption of Cd by the plaque than the low sulfur treatment in the tiller stage and the boot stage, while opposite result was observed in the mature stage. The values of Cd on the plaque measured by ACA could not truly show its actual contents adsorbed. The mass fractions of Cd in the different parts of rice followed the order of roots > stem leaf > grain. The sulfur fertilizers applied significantly reduced the mass fractions of Cd uptake in different parts of rice, and the elemental sulfur treatment had better effects than the gypsum treatment before the mature stage in roots and stem leaf, and the gypsum sulfur treatment was better for grain. A certain amount of sulfur fertilizers could effectively prevent the migration of Cd from roots to stem and grain. The transfer coefficients of Cd from roots to stem leaf in the elemental sulfur treatment and the gypsum treatment were 0.13 and 0.25 in the boot stage, respectively, and the difference was significant. Elemental sulfur was more effective to prevent the Cd migration from roots to stem leaf, and the gypsum treatment was more active from roots to grain.

Authors

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Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

chi

PubMed ID

26314143

Citation

Wang, Dan, et al. "[Influence of Sulfur On the Formation of Fe-Mn Plaque On Root and Uptake of Cd By Rice (Oryza Sativa L.)]." Huan Jing Ke Xue= Huanjing Kexue, vol. 36, no. 5, 2015, pp. 1877-87.
Wang D, Li X, Wang DC, et al. [Influence of Sulfur on the Formation of Fe-Mn Plaque on Root and Uptake of Cd by Rice (Oryza sativa L.)]. Huan Jing Ke Xue. 2015;36(5):1877-87.
Wang, D., Li, X., Wang, D. C., Rao, W., Du, G. H., Yang, J., & Hua, D. L. (2015). [Influence of Sulfur on the Formation of Fe-Mn Plaque on Root and Uptake of Cd by Rice (Oryza sativa L.)]. Huan Jing Ke Xue= Huanjing Kexue, 36(5), 1877-87.
Wang D, et al. [Influence of Sulfur On the Formation of Fe-Mn Plaque On Root and Uptake of Cd By Rice (Oryza Sativa L.)]. Huan Jing Ke Xue. 2015;36(5):1877-87. PubMed PMID: 26314143.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Influence of Sulfur on the Formation of Fe-Mn Plaque on Root and Uptake of Cd by Rice (Oryza sativa L.)]. AU - Wang,Dan, AU - Li,Xin, AU - Wang,Dai-chang, AU - Rao,Wei, AU - Du,Guang-hui, AU - Yang,Jun, AU - Hua,Dang-ling, PY - 2015/8/29/entrez PY - 2015/9/1/pubmed PY - 2015/9/9/medline SP - 1877 EP - 87 JF - Huan jing ke xue= Huanjing kexue JO - Huan Jing Ke Xue VL - 36 IS - 5 N2 - A pool culture experiment using exogenous Cd-polluted paddy soils was carried out to investigate the influence of different forms of sulfur fertilizers (sulfur and gypsum) on the formation of Fe-Mn plaque on rice root and the uptake of Cd by rice. The results showed that the redox potential (Eh) was about--200-100 mV, the pH was 6.9-7.9 and the pe + pH was 4-10 in different growth periods of rice. The mass fractions of Fe and Mn plaque on rice root were 5000-13,000 mg · kg(-1) and 170-580 mg · kg(-1), respectively. The high sulfur treatment led to the formation of more Fe plaque than the low sulfur treatment, and the mass fractions of Fe plaque in both treatments were 9400 mg · kg(-1) and 8600 mg · kg(-1) respectively in the boot stage. Contents of Mn plaque, significantly different in the tiller stage by elemental sulfur treatment and gypsum treatment, were 600 mg · kg(-1) and 400 mg · kg(-1), respectively. The elemental S treatment led to the formation of more Mn plaque on rice root than the gypsum treatment. The excessive intake of Fe2+ might be prevented by the formation of the plaque which had little significant influence on the uptake of Mn2+. The mass fractions of Cd adsorbed by rice roots surface plaque were 78.8-131.1 mg · kg(-1) in tiller stage, 16.6-21.1 mg · kg(-1) in boot stage, and 3.0-9.2 mg · kg(-1) in mature stage. The high sulfur treatment led to higher adsorption of Cd by the plaque than the low sulfur treatment in the tiller stage and the boot stage, while opposite result was observed in the mature stage. The values of Cd on the plaque measured by ACA could not truly show its actual contents adsorbed. The mass fractions of Cd in the different parts of rice followed the order of roots > stem leaf > grain. The sulfur fertilizers applied significantly reduced the mass fractions of Cd uptake in different parts of rice, and the elemental sulfur treatment had better effects than the gypsum treatment before the mature stage in roots and stem leaf, and the gypsum sulfur treatment was better for grain. A certain amount of sulfur fertilizers could effectively prevent the migration of Cd from roots to stem and grain. The transfer coefficients of Cd from roots to stem leaf in the elemental sulfur treatment and the gypsum treatment were 0.13 and 0.25 in the boot stage, respectively, and the difference was significant. Elemental sulfur was more effective to prevent the Cd migration from roots to stem leaf, and the gypsum treatment was more active from roots to grain. SN - 0250-3301 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26314143/[Influence_of_Sulfur_on_the_Formation_of_Fe_Mn_Plaque_on_Root_and_Uptake_of_Cd_by_Rice__Oryza_sativa_L__]_ L2 - https://antibodies.cancer.gov/detail/CPTC-CTLA4-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -