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Effect of particulate organic substrate on aerobic granulation and operating conditions of sequencing batch reactors.
Water Res 2015; 85:158-66WR

Abstract

The formation and application of aerobic granules for the treatment of real wastewaters still remains challenging. The high fraction of particulate organic matter (XS) present in real wastewaters can affect the granulation process. The present study aims at understanding to what extent the presence of XS affects the granule formation and the quality of the treated effluent. A second objective was to evaluate how the operating conditions of an aerobic granular sludge (AGS) reactor must be adapted to overcome the effects of the presence of XS. Two reactors fed with synthetic wastewaters were operated in absence (R1) or presence (R2) of starch as proxy for XS. Different operating conditions were evaluated. Our results indicated that the presence of XS in the wastewater reduces the kinetic of granule formation. After 52 d of operation, the fraction of granules reached only 21% in R2, while in R1 this fraction was of 54%. The granules grown in presence of XS had irregular and filamentous outgrowths in the surface, which affected the settleability of the biomass and therefore the quality of the effluent. An extension of the anaerobic phase in R2 led to the formation of more compact granules with a better settling ability. A high fraction of granules was obtained in both reactors after an increase of the selection pressure for fast-settling biomass, but the quality of the effluent remained low. Operating the reactors in a simultaneous fill-and-draw mode at a low selection pressure for fast-settling biomass showed to be beneficial for substrate removal efficiency and for suppressing filamentous overgrowth. Average removal efficiencies for total COD, soluble COD, ammonium, and phosphate were 87 ± 4%, 95 ± 1%, 92 ± 10%, and 87 ± 12% for R1, and 72 ± 12%, 86 ± 5%, 71 ± 12%, and 77 ± 11% for R2, respectively. Overall our study demonstrates that the operating conditions of AGS reactors must be adapted according to the wastewater composition. When treating effluents that contain XS, the selection pressure should be significantly reduced.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Eawag, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Department of Process Engineering, CH-8600 Dübendorf, Switzerland; Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC), Department of Sanitary and Environmental Engineering, 88040-970 Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil.Eawag, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Department of Process Engineering, CH-8600 Dübendorf, Switzerland; ETH Zürich, Institute of Environmental Engineering, CH-8093 Zürich, Switzerland.Eawag, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Department of Process Engineering, CH-8600 Dübendorf, Switzerland.Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC), Department of Sanitary and Environmental Engineering, 88040-970 Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil.Eawag, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Department of Process Engineering, CH-8600 Dübendorf, Switzerland; ETH Zürich, Institute of Environmental Engineering, CH-8093 Zürich, Switzerland.Eawag, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Department of Process Engineering, CH-8600 Dübendorf, Switzerland; ETH Zürich, Institute of Environmental Engineering, CH-8093 Zürich, Switzerland. Electronic address: nicolas.derlon@eawag.ch.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26318648

Citation

Wagner, Jamile, et al. "Effect of Particulate Organic Substrate On Aerobic Granulation and Operating Conditions of Sequencing Batch Reactors." Water Research, vol. 85, 2015, pp. 158-66.
Wagner J, Weissbrodt DG, Manguin V, et al. Effect of particulate organic substrate on aerobic granulation and operating conditions of sequencing batch reactors. Water Res. 2015;85:158-66.
Wagner, J., Weissbrodt, D. G., Manguin, V., da Costa, R. H., Morgenroth, E., & Derlon, N. (2015). Effect of particulate organic substrate on aerobic granulation and operating conditions of sequencing batch reactors. Water Research, 85, pp. 158-66. doi:10.1016/j.watres.2015.08.030.
Wagner J, et al. Effect of Particulate Organic Substrate On Aerobic Granulation and Operating Conditions of Sequencing Batch Reactors. Water Res. 2015 Nov 15;85:158-66. PubMed PMID: 26318648.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effect of particulate organic substrate on aerobic granulation and operating conditions of sequencing batch reactors. AU - Wagner,Jamile, AU - Weissbrodt,David Gregory, AU - Manguin,Vincent, AU - da Costa,Rejane Helena Ribeiro, AU - Morgenroth,Eberhard, AU - Derlon,Nicolas, Y1 - 2015/08/20/ PY - 2015/04/01/received PY - 2015/08/17/revised PY - 2015/08/18/accepted PY - 2015/8/31/entrez PY - 2015/9/1/pubmed PY - 2016/7/1/medline KW - Aerobic granules KW - Particulate organic substrate KW - Selection pressure KW - Simultaneous fill-and-draw operation SP - 158 EP - 66 JF - Water research JO - Water Res. VL - 85 N2 - The formation and application of aerobic granules for the treatment of real wastewaters still remains challenging. The high fraction of particulate organic matter (XS) present in real wastewaters can affect the granulation process. The present study aims at understanding to what extent the presence of XS affects the granule formation and the quality of the treated effluent. A second objective was to evaluate how the operating conditions of an aerobic granular sludge (AGS) reactor must be adapted to overcome the effects of the presence of XS. Two reactors fed with synthetic wastewaters were operated in absence (R1) or presence (R2) of starch as proxy for XS. Different operating conditions were evaluated. Our results indicated that the presence of XS in the wastewater reduces the kinetic of granule formation. After 52 d of operation, the fraction of granules reached only 21% in R2, while in R1 this fraction was of 54%. The granules grown in presence of XS had irregular and filamentous outgrowths in the surface, which affected the settleability of the biomass and therefore the quality of the effluent. An extension of the anaerobic phase in R2 led to the formation of more compact granules with a better settling ability. A high fraction of granules was obtained in both reactors after an increase of the selection pressure for fast-settling biomass, but the quality of the effluent remained low. Operating the reactors in a simultaneous fill-and-draw mode at a low selection pressure for fast-settling biomass showed to be beneficial for substrate removal efficiency and for suppressing filamentous overgrowth. Average removal efficiencies for total COD, soluble COD, ammonium, and phosphate were 87 ± 4%, 95 ± 1%, 92 ± 10%, and 87 ± 12% for R1, and 72 ± 12%, 86 ± 5%, 71 ± 12%, and 77 ± 11% for R2, respectively. Overall our study demonstrates that the operating conditions of AGS reactors must be adapted according to the wastewater composition. When treating effluents that contain XS, the selection pressure should be significantly reduced. SN - 1879-2448 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26318648/Effect_of_particulate_organic_substrate_on_aerobic_granulation_and_operating_conditions_of_sequencing_batch_reactors_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0043-1354(15)30181-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -