Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Cognitive Function in Individuals With Physical Frailty but Without Dementia or Cognitive Complaints: Results From the I-Lan Longitudinal Aging Study.
J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2015 Oct 01; 16(10):899.e9-16.JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To investigate if understated cognitive impairment existed in individuals with physical frail or earlier prefrail state but without cognitive complaints and the susceptible cognitive domains to the physical frailty.

DESIGN

A cross-sectional population-based community study.

SETTING

I-Lan County of Taiwan.

PARTICIPANTS

A total of 1839 community residents aged 50 years or older in the I-Lan Longitudinal Aging Study.

INTERVENTION

None.

MEASUREMENTS

Frail status assessments by the Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS) criteria and a series of neuropsychiatric assessments, including the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), the delay free recall in the Chinese Version Verbal Learning Test (CVVLT), the Boston Naming Test (BNT), the category (animal) Verbal Fluency Test (VFT), the Taylor Complex Figure Test (CFT), the digital backward (DB), and the Clock Drawing Test.

RESULTS

After excluding those with significant global cognitive impairment, subjective cognitive complaints, or functional impairment, 1686 persons aged 50 to 89 years (mean 63.4 ± 8.9) were enrolled. The prevalence of prefrail and frail individuals was 40.2% and 4.9%, respectively. The prefrail and frail persons had significantly poorer performance in the MMSE and all neuropsychological tests. Slowness and weakness were the most significant frailty components associated with cognitive impairment. The prefrail and frail individuals showed a more dose-dependent risk for 1 or more cognitive domain impairments than the robust individuals (odds ratio [OR] 1.28 in prefrail individuals versus OR 1.79 in frail individuals). The susceptible cognitive domains in the prefrail state were mainly focused on the nonmemory domains. However, the frail individuals were more likely to have risks for impairment in both memory and nonmemory domains.

CONCLUSIONS

Even without subjective cognitive complaints, higher risk of cognitive impairment is presented in the prefrail and frail individuals. The incremental impact of frailty on cognition and the susceptibility of nonmemory domain may provide a new view in evaluating the pathogenesis of the relationship between frailty and cognitive impairment.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Neurology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; Aging and Health Research Center, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan.Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; Aging and Health Research Center, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan.Department of Neurology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; Aging and Health Research Center, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan.Aging and Health Research Center, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Family Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital Yuanshan Branch, I-Lan County, Taiwan; Institute of Public Health, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan.Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; Aging and Health Research Center, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan; Institute of Public Health, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan.Department of Neurology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; Aging and Health Research Center, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address: pnwang@vghtpe.gov.tw.Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; Aging and Health Research Center, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan; Institute of Public Health, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address: lkchen2@vghtpe.gov.tw.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26321467

Citation

Wu, Yi-Hui, et al. "Cognitive Function in Individuals With Physical Frailty but Without Dementia or Cognitive Complaints: Results From the I-Lan Longitudinal Aging Study." Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, vol. 16, no. 10, 2015, pp. 899.e9-16.
Wu YH, Liu LK, Chen WT, et al. Cognitive Function in Individuals With Physical Frailty but Without Dementia or Cognitive Complaints: Results From the I-Lan Longitudinal Aging Study. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2015;16(10):899.e9-16.
Wu, Y. H., Liu, L. K., Chen, W. T., Lee, W. J., Peng, L. N., Wang, P. N., & Chen, L. K. (2015). Cognitive Function in Individuals With Physical Frailty but Without Dementia or Cognitive Complaints: Results From the I-Lan Longitudinal Aging Study. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, 16(10), e9-16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jamda.2015.07.013
Wu YH, et al. Cognitive Function in Individuals With Physical Frailty but Without Dementia or Cognitive Complaints: Results From the I-Lan Longitudinal Aging Study. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2015 Oct 1;16(10):899.e9-16. PubMed PMID: 26321467.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Cognitive Function in Individuals With Physical Frailty but Without Dementia or Cognitive Complaints: Results From the I-Lan Longitudinal Aging Study. AU - Wu,Yi-Hui, AU - Liu,Li-Kuo, AU - Chen,Wei-Ta, AU - Lee,Wei-Ju, AU - Peng,Li-Ning, AU - Wang,Pei-Ning, AU - Chen,Liang-Kung, Y1 - 2015/08/28/ PY - 2015/03/31/received PY - 2015/07/21/revised PY - 2015/07/24/accepted PY - 2015/9/1/entrez PY - 2015/9/1/pubmed PY - 2016/7/20/medline KW - Frailty KW - cognitive impairment KW - community dwelling KW - nonmemory domain SP - 899.e9 EP - 16 JF - Journal of the American Medical Directors Association JO - J Am Med Dir Assoc VL - 16 IS - 10 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To investigate if understated cognitive impairment existed in individuals with physical frail or earlier prefrail state but without cognitive complaints and the susceptible cognitive domains to the physical frailty. DESIGN: A cross-sectional population-based community study. SETTING: I-Lan County of Taiwan. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1839 community residents aged 50 years or older in the I-Lan Longitudinal Aging Study. INTERVENTION: None. MEASUREMENTS: Frail status assessments by the Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS) criteria and a series of neuropsychiatric assessments, including the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), the delay free recall in the Chinese Version Verbal Learning Test (CVVLT), the Boston Naming Test (BNT), the category (animal) Verbal Fluency Test (VFT), the Taylor Complex Figure Test (CFT), the digital backward (DB), and the Clock Drawing Test. RESULTS: After excluding those with significant global cognitive impairment, subjective cognitive complaints, or functional impairment, 1686 persons aged 50 to 89 years (mean 63.4 ± 8.9) were enrolled. The prevalence of prefrail and frail individuals was 40.2% and 4.9%, respectively. The prefrail and frail persons had significantly poorer performance in the MMSE and all neuropsychological tests. Slowness and weakness were the most significant frailty components associated with cognitive impairment. The prefrail and frail individuals showed a more dose-dependent risk for 1 or more cognitive domain impairments than the robust individuals (odds ratio [OR] 1.28 in prefrail individuals versus OR 1.79 in frail individuals). The susceptible cognitive domains in the prefrail state were mainly focused on the nonmemory domains. However, the frail individuals were more likely to have risks for impairment in both memory and nonmemory domains. CONCLUSIONS: Even without subjective cognitive complaints, higher risk of cognitive impairment is presented in the prefrail and frail individuals. The incremental impact of frailty on cognition and the susceptibility of nonmemory domain may provide a new view in evaluating the pathogenesis of the relationship between frailty and cognitive impairment. SN - 1538-9375 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26321467/Cognitive_Function_in_Individuals_With_Physical_Frailty_but_Without_Dementia_or_Cognitive_Complaints:_Results_From_the_I_Lan_Longitudinal_Aging_Study_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1525-8610(15)00492-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -