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PATTERNS OF EMOTIONAL AVAILABILITY IN MOTHER-INFANT DYADS: ASSOCIATIONS WITH MULTIPLE LEVELS OF CONTEXT.
Infant Ment Health J. 2015 Sep-Oct; 36(5):469-82.IM

Abstract

This study explored emotional availability (EA)- an individual's emotional responsiveness and attunement to another's needs and goals (R.N. Emde, 1980)- among a high social risk group of 226 adolescent mothers and their infants (average = 12 months old). The aim was to identify dyadic patterns of EA and to examine their association with multiple indicators of the ecological context. Maternal sensitivity, maternal nonhostility, and child responsiveness were assessed with the Emotional Availability Scales, Third Edition (Z. Biringen, J. Robinson, & R.N. Emde, 1998) during free play and teaching observations at home. Four EA patterns were identified using k-means cluster analysis: (a) "low functioning," (b) "high functioning," (c) "low functioning dyads with nonhostile mothers," and (d) "inconsistently sensitive mother and responsive child." These patterns had distinct associations with (a) mothers' parenting attitudes regarding children's power and independence and parent-child role reversal, (b) mothers' strategies in conflict resolution with their partners and their children, and (c) the dyads' living arrangements. This study makes a contribution to the understanding of the mother-child relationship from a systemic and relational perspective and explores the association of EA patterns with the dyads' relational context. Implications for programs and treatment approaches aimed at supporting dyads at social risk are discussed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Tufts University.Tufts University.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26331847

Citation

Mingo, M Verónica, and M Ann Easterbrooks. "PATTERNS of EMOTIONAL AVAILABILITY in MOTHER-INFANT DYADS: ASSOCIATIONS WITH MULTIPLE LEVELS of CONTEXT." Infant Mental Health Journal, vol. 36, no. 5, 2015, pp. 469-82.
Mingo MV, Easterbrooks MA. PATTERNS OF EMOTIONAL AVAILABILITY IN MOTHER-INFANT DYADS: ASSOCIATIONS WITH MULTIPLE LEVELS OF CONTEXT. Infant Ment Health J. 2015;36(5):469-82.
Mingo, M. V., & Easterbrooks, M. A. (2015). PATTERNS OF EMOTIONAL AVAILABILITY IN MOTHER-INFANT DYADS: ASSOCIATIONS WITH MULTIPLE LEVELS OF CONTEXT. Infant Mental Health Journal, 36(5), 469-82. https://doi.org/10.1002/imhj.21529
Mingo MV, Easterbrooks MA. PATTERNS of EMOTIONAL AVAILABILITY in MOTHER-INFANT DYADS: ASSOCIATIONS WITH MULTIPLE LEVELS of CONTEXT. Infant Ment Health J. 2015 Sep-Oct;36(5):469-82. PubMed PMID: 26331847.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - PATTERNS OF EMOTIONAL AVAILABILITY IN MOTHER-INFANT DYADS: ASSOCIATIONS WITH MULTIPLE LEVELS OF CONTEXT. AU - Mingo,M Verónica, AU - Easterbrooks,M Ann, Y1 - 2015/08/31/ PY - 2015/9/3/entrez PY - 2015/9/4/pubmed PY - 2016/6/11/medline KW - Mutter-Kind-Interaktion KW - adolescent mother KW - adoleszente Mutter KW - disponibilidad emocional KW - disponibilité émotionnelle KW - emotional availability KW - emotionale Verfügbarkeit KW - interacción entre madre e infante KW - interaction mère-bébé KW - madre adolescente KW - mother-infant interaction KW - mère adolescente KW - 思春期の母親adolescent mother KW - 情緒可親性 KW - 情緒応答性emotional availability KW - 母嬰互動 KW - 母子相互交流mother-infant interaction KW - 青少年母親 SP - 469 EP - 82 JF - Infant mental health journal JO - Infant Ment Health J VL - 36 IS - 5 N2 - This study explored emotional availability (EA)- an individual's emotional responsiveness and attunement to another's needs and goals (R.N. Emde, 1980)- among a high social risk group of 226 adolescent mothers and their infants (average = 12 months old). The aim was to identify dyadic patterns of EA and to examine their association with multiple indicators of the ecological context. Maternal sensitivity, maternal nonhostility, and child responsiveness were assessed with the Emotional Availability Scales, Third Edition (Z. Biringen, J. Robinson, & R.N. Emde, 1998) during free play and teaching observations at home. Four EA patterns were identified using k-means cluster analysis: (a) "low functioning," (b) "high functioning," (c) "low functioning dyads with nonhostile mothers," and (d) "inconsistently sensitive mother and responsive child." These patterns had distinct associations with (a) mothers' parenting attitudes regarding children's power and independence and parent-child role reversal, (b) mothers' strategies in conflict resolution with their partners and their children, and (c) the dyads' living arrangements. This study makes a contribution to the understanding of the mother-child relationship from a systemic and relational perspective and explores the association of EA patterns with the dyads' relational context. Implications for programs and treatment approaches aimed at supporting dyads at social risk are discussed. SN - 1097-0355 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26331847/PATTERNS_OF_EMOTIONAL_AVAILABILITY_IN_MOTHER_INFANT_DYADS:_ASSOCIATIONS_WITH_MULTIPLE_LEVELS_OF_CONTEXT_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/imhj.21529 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -