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Do Individuals with Alcohol Dependence Show Higher Unfairness Sensitivity? The Relationship Between Impulsivity and Unfairness Sensitivity in Alcohol-Dependent Adults.
Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2015 Oct; 39(10):2016-21.AC

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Alcohol-dependent patients are known to be generally more unfairness sensitive. The ultimatum game (UG) is an experimental task designed to provoke feelings of perceived unfairness. A previous study using the UG has reported more unfairness sensitivity in patients with alcohol dependence than in a nondependent control group; it has been speculated that this increased sensitivity might be due to a difficulty in impulse control. However, the mechanism of this relationship has not been clarified. Therefore, the relationship between unfairness sensitivity in interpersonal relationships and impulsivity was investigated using UG and delay discounting (DD) paradigms.

METHODS

Subjects were 32 individuals with alcohol dependency and 36 healthy control individuals; both groups performed UG and DD tasks.

RESULTS

Participants with alcohol dependence rejected monetary offers deemed unfair at a significantly higher rate than did control participants. Moreover, the proportion of accepting unfairness was negatively correlated with impulsivity in patients with alcohol dependence.

CONCLUSIONS

Perceived unfairness is related to impulsivity in patients with alcohol dependence. These results provide insights concerning the psychopathology of alcohol dependence.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Senogawa Hospital, 4-11-13, Nakanohigashi, Akiku, Hiroshima, 739-0323, Japan.Department of Psychiatry and Neurosciences, Division of Frontier Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Hiroshima University, 1-2-3 Kasumi, Minami-ku, Hiroshima, 734-8551, Japan.Department of Psychiatry and Neurosciences, Division of Frontier Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Hiroshima University, 1-2-3 Kasumi, Minami-ku, Hiroshima, 734-8551, Japan.Department of Psychology, School of Human Sciences, Senshu University, Kanagawa, Japan.Department of Psychiatry and Neurosciences, Division of Frontier Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Hiroshima University, 1-2-3 Kasumi, Minami-ku, Hiroshima, 734-8551, Japan.Risk Analysis Research Center, Institute of Statistical Mathematics, Tokyo, Japan.Career Development Center, Hyogo University of Teacher Education, Hyogo, Japan.Senogawa Hospital, 4-11-13, Nakanohigashi, Akiku, Hiroshima, 739-0323, Japan.Senogawa Hospital, 4-11-13, Nakanohigashi, Akiku, Hiroshima, 739-0323, Japan.Department of Psychiatry and Neurosciences, Division of Frontier Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Hiroshima University, 1-2-3 Kasumi, Minami-ku, Hiroshima, 734-8551, Japan.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26331994

Citation

Tsukue, Ryotaro, et al. "Do Individuals With Alcohol Dependence Show Higher Unfairness Sensitivity? the Relationship Between Impulsivity and Unfairness Sensitivity in Alcohol-Dependent Adults." Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research, vol. 39, no. 10, 2015, pp. 2016-21.
Tsukue R, Okamoto Y, Yoshino A, et al. Do Individuals with Alcohol Dependence Show Higher Unfairness Sensitivity? The Relationship Between Impulsivity and Unfairness Sensitivity in Alcohol-Dependent Adults. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2015;39(10):2016-21.
Tsukue, R., Okamoto, Y., Yoshino, A., Kunisato, Y., Takagaki, K., Takebayashi, Y., Tanaka, K., Konuma, K., Tsukue, I., & Yamawaki, S. (2015). Do Individuals with Alcohol Dependence Show Higher Unfairness Sensitivity? The Relationship Between Impulsivity and Unfairness Sensitivity in Alcohol-Dependent Adults. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research, 39(10), 2016-21. https://doi.org/10.1111/acer.12832
Tsukue R, et al. Do Individuals With Alcohol Dependence Show Higher Unfairness Sensitivity? the Relationship Between Impulsivity and Unfairness Sensitivity in Alcohol-Dependent Adults. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2015;39(10):2016-21. PubMed PMID: 26331994.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Do Individuals with Alcohol Dependence Show Higher Unfairness Sensitivity? The Relationship Between Impulsivity and Unfairness Sensitivity in Alcohol-Dependent Adults. AU - Tsukue,Ryotaro, AU - Okamoto,Yasumasa, AU - Yoshino,Atsuo, AU - Kunisato,Yoshihiko, AU - Takagaki,Koki, AU - Takebayashi,Yoshitake, AU - Tanaka,Keisuke, AU - Konuma,Kyohei, AU - Tsukue,Ichiro, AU - Yamawaki,Shigeto, Y1 - 2015/09/01/ PY - 2015/02/01/received PY - 2015/06/29/accepted PY - 2015/9/3/entrez PY - 2015/9/4/pubmed PY - 2016/7/9/medline KW - Alcoholic Dependence KW - Delay Discounting KW - Impulsivity KW - Ultimatum Game KW - Unfairness SP - 2016 EP - 21 JF - Alcoholism, clinical and experimental research JO - Alcohol Clin Exp Res VL - 39 IS - 10 N2 - BACKGROUND: Alcohol-dependent patients are known to be generally more unfairness sensitive. The ultimatum game (UG) is an experimental task designed to provoke feelings of perceived unfairness. A previous study using the UG has reported more unfairness sensitivity in patients with alcohol dependence than in a nondependent control group; it has been speculated that this increased sensitivity might be due to a difficulty in impulse control. However, the mechanism of this relationship has not been clarified. Therefore, the relationship between unfairness sensitivity in interpersonal relationships and impulsivity was investigated using UG and delay discounting (DD) paradigms. METHODS: Subjects were 32 individuals with alcohol dependency and 36 healthy control individuals; both groups performed UG and DD tasks. RESULTS: Participants with alcohol dependence rejected monetary offers deemed unfair at a significantly higher rate than did control participants. Moreover, the proportion of accepting unfairness was negatively correlated with impulsivity in patients with alcohol dependence. CONCLUSIONS: Perceived unfairness is related to impulsivity in patients with alcohol dependence. These results provide insights concerning the psychopathology of alcohol dependence. SN - 1530-0277 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26331994/Do_Individuals_with_Alcohol_Dependence_Show_Higher_Unfairness_Sensitivity_The_Relationship_Between_Impulsivity_and_Unfairness_Sensitivity_in_Alcohol_Dependent_Adults_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/acer.12832 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -