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Effects of processing on the properties of chitosan/cellulose nanocrystal films.
Carbohydr Polym. 2015 Nov 20; 133:284-93.CP

Abstract

Biocomposites of chitosan (CS)/cellulose nanocrystals (CN) were prepared by using solution casting method. Influences of solution preparation method and CN content on the properties of composites were investigated. Mechanical stirring/ultrasonication or microfluidization were used to disperse nanocrystals in the chitosan matrix. The prepared nanocomposites were characterized by FTIR, XRD, SEM, DSC, TGA, TMA and contact angle measurements. SEM analysis revealed that microfluidization decreased CN aggregates in matrix. Formation of hydrogen bonds between CS and CN in nanocomposites prepared by using microfluidization was confirmed by FTIR spectroscopy. This high interaction led to an increment of the crystallinity of chitosan films. Tg values within a range of 53-58°C were obtained in DSC and TMA measurements. The thermal stability of CS film showed no significant effect of CN addition, whereas contact angle measurements revealed that CN addition resulted in an increment of hydrophilicity of chitosan films.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Faculty of Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering, Anadolu University, Eskisehir 26555, Turkey. Electronic address: handed@anadolu.edu.tr.Graduate School of Sciences, Department of Advanced Technologies, Nanotechnology, Anadolu University, Eskisehir 26555, Turkey. Electronic address: aysekurt@anadolu.edu.tr.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26344283

Citation

Celebi, Hande, and Ayse Kurt. "Effects of Processing On the Properties of Chitosan/cellulose Nanocrystal Films." Carbohydrate Polymers, vol. 133, 2015, pp. 284-93.
Celebi H, Kurt A. Effects of processing on the properties of chitosan/cellulose nanocrystal films. Carbohydr Polym. 2015;133:284-93.
Celebi, H., & Kurt, A. (2015). Effects of processing on the properties of chitosan/cellulose nanocrystal films. Carbohydrate Polymers, 133, 284-93. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2015.07.007
Celebi H, Kurt A. Effects of Processing On the Properties of Chitosan/cellulose Nanocrystal Films. Carbohydr Polym. 2015 Nov 20;133:284-93. PubMed PMID: 26344283.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of processing on the properties of chitosan/cellulose nanocrystal films. AU - Celebi,Hande, AU - Kurt,Ayse, Y1 - 2015/07/13/ PY - 2015/04/09/received PY - 2015/07/01/revised PY - 2015/07/02/accepted PY - 2015/9/8/entrez PY - 2015/9/8/pubmed PY - 2016/7/1/medline KW - Cellulose nanocrystals KW - Chitosan KW - Contact angle measurements KW - Microfluidics homogenizer KW - Nanocomposites KW - Thermal properties KW - XRD SP - 284 EP - 93 JF - Carbohydrate polymers JO - Carbohydr Polym VL - 133 N2 - Biocomposites of chitosan (CS)/cellulose nanocrystals (CN) were prepared by using solution casting method. Influences of solution preparation method and CN content on the properties of composites were investigated. Mechanical stirring/ultrasonication or microfluidization were used to disperse nanocrystals in the chitosan matrix. The prepared nanocomposites were characterized by FTIR, XRD, SEM, DSC, TGA, TMA and contact angle measurements. SEM analysis revealed that microfluidization decreased CN aggregates in matrix. Formation of hydrogen bonds between CS and CN in nanocomposites prepared by using microfluidization was confirmed by FTIR spectroscopy. This high interaction led to an increment of the crystallinity of chitosan films. Tg values within a range of 53-58°C were obtained in DSC and TMA measurements. The thermal stability of CS film showed no significant effect of CN addition, whereas contact angle measurements revealed that CN addition resulted in an increment of hydrophilicity of chitosan films. SN - 1879-1344 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26344283/Effects_of_processing_on_the_properties_of_chitosan/cellulose_nanocrystal_films_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -