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Systematic review of the relationship between childcare educators' practices and preschoolers' physical activity and eating behaviours.
Obes Rev. 2015 Dec; 16(12):1055-70.OR

Abstract

The role of childcare educators is important given that 81% of preschoolers living in developed countries receive childcare outside their home. Since children learn by observing and imitating others, childcare educators may play a role in promoting healthy eating behaviours and physical activity in young children. Six databases were searched for quantitative peer-reviewed, English or French primary studies reporting the correlates, predictors or effectiveness of childcare educators' practices on preschoolers' healthy eating and physical activity behaviours. Risk of bias was assessed using the Quality Assessment Tool for Quantitative Studies. Fifteen articles were included in this review: 10 measured physical activity levels and five assessed eating behaviours. The quality score was rated as low for eight of these articles, and as moderate for the remaining seven. Two of four cross-sectional studies reported a positive relationship between educators and children's behaviours. Eleven intervention studies reported significant favourable effects of interventions. Educators may play a positive role in promoting healthy behaviours in children, but this is mainly based on a small number of intervention type studies of low or moderate quality. The influence of specific components of educators' practices on children's healthy eating and physical activity behaviours remains inconclusive.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Université de Sherbrooke, Moncton, Canada.Department of Family Medicine, Université de Sherbrooke, Moncton, Canada.Department of Community Health Sciences, Université de Sherbrooke, Moncton, Canada.École des sciences des aliments, de nutrition et d'études familiales, Université de Moncton, Moncton, Canada.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Review
Systematic Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

26345462

Citation

Ward, S, et al. "Systematic Review of the Relationship Between Childcare Educators' Practices and Preschoolers' Physical Activity and Eating Behaviours." Obesity Reviews : an Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, vol. 16, no. 12, 2015, pp. 1055-70.
Ward S, Bélanger M, Donovan D, et al. Systematic review of the relationship between childcare educators' practices and preschoolers' physical activity and eating behaviours. Obes Rev. 2015;16(12):1055-70.
Ward, S., Bélanger, M., Donovan, D., & Carrier, N. (2015). Systematic review of the relationship between childcare educators' practices and preschoolers' physical activity and eating behaviours. Obesity Reviews : an Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, 16(12), 1055-70. https://doi.org/10.1111/obr.12315
Ward S, et al. Systematic Review of the Relationship Between Childcare Educators' Practices and Preschoolers' Physical Activity and Eating Behaviours. Obes Rev. 2015;16(12):1055-70. PubMed PMID: 26345462.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Systematic review of the relationship between childcare educators' practices and preschoolers' physical activity and eating behaviours. AU - Ward,S, AU - Bélanger,M, AU - Donovan,D, AU - Carrier,N, Y1 - 2015/09/08/ PY - 2015/04/23/received PY - 2015/07/31/revised PY - 2015/07/31/accepted PY - 2015/9/9/entrez PY - 2015/9/9/pubmed PY - 2016/9/23/medline KW - childcare centre KW - childcare educator KW - eating behaviour KW - physical activity SP - 1055 EP - 70 JF - Obesity reviews : an official journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity JO - Obes Rev VL - 16 IS - 12 N2 - The role of childcare educators is important given that 81% of preschoolers living in developed countries receive childcare outside their home. Since children learn by observing and imitating others, childcare educators may play a role in promoting healthy eating behaviours and physical activity in young children. Six databases were searched for quantitative peer-reviewed, English or French primary studies reporting the correlates, predictors or effectiveness of childcare educators' practices on preschoolers' healthy eating and physical activity behaviours. Risk of bias was assessed using the Quality Assessment Tool for Quantitative Studies. Fifteen articles were included in this review: 10 measured physical activity levels and five assessed eating behaviours. The quality score was rated as low for eight of these articles, and as moderate for the remaining seven. Two of four cross-sectional studies reported a positive relationship between educators and children's behaviours. Eleven intervention studies reported significant favourable effects of interventions. Educators may play a positive role in promoting healthy behaviours in children, but this is mainly based on a small number of intervention type studies of low or moderate quality. The influence of specific components of educators' practices on children's healthy eating and physical activity behaviours remains inconclusive. SN - 1467-789X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26345462/Systematic_review_of_the_relationship_between_childcare_educators'_practices_and_preschoolers'_physical_activity_and_eating_behaviours_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/obr.12315 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -