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Fatty liver disease and lifestyle in youngsters: diet, food intake frequency, exercise, sleep shortage and fashion.

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS

Fatty liver is associated with alcohol habits and/or overweight/obesity. We challenged several lifestyle features associated with fatty liver and, particularly, with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Among them, sleep shortage as a result of nightlife habits and a preference for plus-size fashion were assessed. The latter consists of fashionable plus-sized clothing for actual individuals' size and reflects a frequent attitude of some social or age groups, conceivably indicating more global and widespread trend and behaviour.

METHODS

We studied a group of 708 non-diabetic youngsters, 458 women and 250 men, 21.72 ± 3.71 years old (range 15-35 years), referred for minor digestive ailments for clinical assessment, ultrasound detection of fatty liver and nutritional counselling. Details of personal history regarding lifestyle, food intake frequency and alcohol intake, dietary and physical exercise profile, sleep duration and clothing preferences were recorded.

RESULTS

The prevalence of NAFLD in this cohort of youngsters is 67/708 (9.4%). Even if it is quantitatively very low in both groups, the average alcohol intake, always below 20 g/day, is greater in NAFLD subjects (5.83 ± 4.32 g) vs. subjects with normal liver (2.02 ± 3.20 g). The number of meals/day and adherence to a Mediterranean diet profile are smaller in NAFLD subjects. By multiple regression, BMI, sedentary life, plus-sized clothing for their actual size, sleep shortage and lower frequency of daily food intake are associated with the presence of NAFLD.

CONCLUSIONS

Onset and continuation of fatty liver disease, beyond food and exercise quantity and quality, with their effects on obesity, may also be associated with other aspects of lifestyle.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, The University Hospital of Catania, Catania, Italy.

    ,

    Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, The University Hospital of Catania, Catania, Italy.

    ,

    Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, The University Hospital of Catania, Catania, Italy.

    ,

    Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, The University Hospital of Catania, Catania, Italy.

    ,

    Department of Bio-Medical Sciences, Human Anatomy and Histology Section, School of Medicine, University of Catania, Catania, Italy.

    Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, The University Hospital of Catania, Catania, Italy.

    Source

    MeSH

    Adolescent
    Adolescent Behavior
    Adult
    Age Factors
    Appetite Regulation
    Body Mass Index
    Clothing
    Diet
    Diet, Mediterranean
    Exercise
    Feeding Behavior
    Female
    Health Behavior
    Humans
    Italy
    Life Style
    Male
    Meals
    Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
    Nutritional Status
    Obesity
    Prevalence
    Prospective Studies
    Risk Factors
    Risk Reduction Behavior
    Sedentary Behavior
    Sleep
    Sleep Wake Disorders
    Young Adult

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Observational Study

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    26346413

    Citation

    Trovato, Francesca M., et al. "Fatty Liver Disease and Lifestyle in Youngsters: Diet, Food Intake Frequency, Exercise, Sleep Shortage and Fashion." Liver International : Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver, vol. 36, no. 3, 2016, pp. 427-33.
    Trovato FM, Martines GF, Brischetto D, et al. Fatty liver disease and lifestyle in youngsters: diet, food intake frequency, exercise, sleep shortage and fashion. Liver Int. 2016;36(3):427-33.
    Trovato, F. M., Martines, G. F., Brischetto, D., Catalano, D., Musumeci, G., & Trovato, G. M. (2016). Fatty liver disease and lifestyle in youngsters: diet, food intake frequency, exercise, sleep shortage and fashion. Liver International : Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver, 36(3), pp. 427-33. doi:10.1111/liv.12957.
    Trovato FM, et al. Fatty Liver Disease and Lifestyle in Youngsters: Diet, Food Intake Frequency, Exercise, Sleep Shortage and Fashion. Liver Int. 2016;36(3):427-33. PubMed PMID: 26346413.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Fatty liver disease and lifestyle in youngsters: diet, food intake frequency, exercise, sleep shortage and fashion. AU - Trovato,Francesca M, AU - Martines,Giuseppe Fabio, AU - Brischetto,Daniela, AU - Catalano,Daniela, AU - Musumeci,Giuseppe, AU - Trovato,Guglielmo M, Y1 - 2015/09/28/ PY - 2015/06/26/received PY - 2015/08/20/accepted PY - 2015/9/9/entrez PY - 2015/9/9/pubmed PY - 2016/12/15/medline KW - NAFLD KW - adolescents KW - fashion KW - fatty liver KW - lifestyle KW - obesity KW - youngsters SP - 427 EP - 33 JF - Liver international : official journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver JO - Liver Int. VL - 36 IS - 3 N2 - BACKGROUND & AIMS: Fatty liver is associated with alcohol habits and/or overweight/obesity. We challenged several lifestyle features associated with fatty liver and, particularly, with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Among them, sleep shortage as a result of nightlife habits and a preference for plus-size fashion were assessed. The latter consists of fashionable plus-sized clothing for actual individuals' size and reflects a frequent attitude of some social or age groups, conceivably indicating more global and widespread trend and behaviour. METHODS: We studied a group of 708 non-diabetic youngsters, 458 women and 250 men, 21.72 ± 3.71 years old (range 15-35 years), referred for minor digestive ailments for clinical assessment, ultrasound detection of fatty liver and nutritional counselling. Details of personal history regarding lifestyle, food intake frequency and alcohol intake, dietary and physical exercise profile, sleep duration and clothing preferences were recorded. RESULTS: The prevalence of NAFLD in this cohort of youngsters is 67/708 (9.4%). Even if it is quantitatively very low in both groups, the average alcohol intake, always below 20 g/day, is greater in NAFLD subjects (5.83 ± 4.32 g) vs. subjects with normal liver (2.02 ± 3.20 g). The number of meals/day and adherence to a Mediterranean diet profile are smaller in NAFLD subjects. By multiple regression, BMI, sedentary life, plus-sized clothing for their actual size, sleep shortage and lower frequency of daily food intake are associated with the presence of NAFLD. CONCLUSIONS: Onset and continuation of fatty liver disease, beyond food and exercise quantity and quality, with their effects on obesity, may also be associated with other aspects of lifestyle. SN - 1478-3231 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26346413/Fatty_liver_disease_and_lifestyle_in_youngsters:_diet_food_intake_frequency_exercise_sleep_shortage_and_fashion_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/liv.12957 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -